Eurydice (Ruhl play)
Eurydice is a 2003 play by Sarah Ruhl which retells the myth of Orpheus from the perspective of Eurydice, his wife. The story focuses on Eurydice's choice to return to earth with Orpheus or to stay in the underworld with her father (a character created by Ruhl). Ruhl made several changes to the original myth's story-line. The most noticeable of these changes was that in the myth Orpheus succumbs to his desires and looks back at Eurydice, while in Ruhl's version Eurydice calls out to Orpheus (causing him to look back) perhaps in part because of her fear of reentering the world of the living and perhaps as a result of her desire to remain in the land of the dead with her father. Ruhl's script has been explicitly written so as to be a playground for the designer of the sets.
The play had its world premiere at Madison Repertory Theatre, Madison, Wisconsin, on September 2003. The play next was produced at Berkeley Repertory Theatre in October to November 14, 2004. Directed by Les Waters, Associate Artistic Director, the cast featured Maria Dizzia as Eurydice and Daniel Talbott as Orpheus.  It next was presented at Yale Repertory Theatre in September 2006 to October 14, directed by Les Waters, with Maria Dizzia (Eurydice) and Joseph Parks (Orpheus).
The play opened Off-Broadway at Second Stage Theatre, running from June 18 to August 26, 2007. Directed by Les Waters, the cast featured Maria Dizzia as Eurydice, Joseph Parks as Orpheus, and Charles Shaw Robinson as Eurydice's Father. The play received several award nominations, including the 2008 Drama League Award Nomination, Distinguished Production of a Play and the 2008 Drama Desk Award, Outstanding Set Design of a Play, (Scott Bradley). Charles Isherwood, reviewing for The New York Times, called it a "weird and wonderful new play."
- Regional US productions
It has been staged at : Alliance Theatre in Atlanta, March–April 2008; the Wilma Theater in Philadelphia, May 2008 (with original live music by Toby Twining;) ACT Theatre in Seattle, September–October 2008; in Theatre Ink's 2010-2011 season; by the Custom Made Theatre Co in San Francisco in 2013; and at the Douglas Morrisson Theatre in May/June 2013.
The play was presented in London at the Young Vic Theatre in May 2010,
- School productions
The play has been produced by schools and universities: the Little Theater of the University of California, Irvine, as an honors workshop by an undergraduate director, in November 2011; the University of Wisconsin, Madison, in April, 2011; Mason Gross School of the Arts at Rutgers University in 2012; the University of Victoria's Phoenix Theatre in 2012; Ouachita Baptist University's Verser Theatre in 2012; Canyon Crest Academy Envision Theatre in March/April, 2013; the University of Southern Mississippi by graduate director Kristopher Kuss in April 2013; the University of California, Santa Barbara in 2013; the Whitney Theater at Yale University in October/November 2014; and the University of Michigan-Flint in January/February 2015 directed by Professor Janet Haley.
The play consists of three movements, divided into numerous scenes: 7 in the first movement, 20 in the second movement, and 3 in the third movement.
The play begins with Eurydice and Orpheus, two young lovers, who are about to get married. In the Underworld, Eurydice's dead father has managed to preserve his memory and his ability to read and write, and tries to send her letters. During the wedding, Eurydice goes outside to get a drink of water and she meets a man (the "Nasty Interesting Man") who tells her he has a letter from her father. Eurydice decides to go to his apartment to retrieve the letter, but as she leaves his apartment after resisting the man's attempts to seduce her, she trips and falls to her death on the stairs.
At the beginning of the second movement, there is no set change, but "the movement to the underworld is marked by the entrance of stones": Little Stone, Big Stone, and Loud Stone, who serve as a chorus.
Eurydice enters the Underworld through an elevator, inside which it is raining. Upon arrival, she meets her father, who tries to reteach Eurydice about her past since she has lost her memory after being dipped in the river Lethe. The Stones try unsuccessfully to stop them, because the dead are not allowed to remember their past or speak in human language. Rooms are also not allowed in the Underworld, but Eurydice's father creates one for her out of pieces of string. He gradually re-teaches her human language and her past. While the father is away at work, the Lord of the Underworld enters as a child riding a tricycle and attempts to seduce Eurydice, but fails.
Meanwhile, in the land of the living, Orpheus writes a letter to Eurydice, which her father delivers and reads to her. Orpheus also sends her a copy of the Complete Works of Shakespeare by attaching it to a piece of string, and Eurydice's father reads to her from King Lear. Orpheus sends another letter, and then resolves to go to the Underworld himself to find her.
In the third movement, Orpheus arrives at the gates of the Underworld, singing a song so powerful it makes the Stones weep. The Lord of the Underworld tells him that he may take Eurydice back, but only if he does not turn around to look at her. Eurydice is then faced with the decision to either stay with her father or go back with her husband. At her father's insistence, she follows Orpheus. But as she catches up to him, she calls out his name, and he turns to look at her, causing her to die a second death. Meanwhile, her father has decided that he wants to forget everything, and dips himself in the river again. When Eurydice returns, her father is lying silent on the ground, having lost all of his language and memory forever.
As Eurydice mourns her father, the Lord of the Underworld returns, having grown from a child to superhuman height. He orders her to be his bride. Eurydice pens a letter to Orpheus and his next wife, then immerses herself in the river and lies down in forgetfulness. Finally, Orpheus too enters from the elevator, having truly died this time. He finds Eurydice's letter to him, but because he has been dipped in the river, he cannot read it.
- eurydice madstage.com, accessed July 14, 2009
- Lachmond, Hatley. "‘Eurydice’ kicks off Madison Rep season right" badgerherald.com, September 24, 2003
- Hurwitt, Robert. "Awash in a young writer's bracing, lucid 'Eurydice'" sfgate.com, October 22, 2004
- Review: 2004 production at Berkeley Repertory Theater culturevulture.net
- Isherwood, Charles. "Theater Review. A Comic Impudence Softens a Tale of Loss" New York Times, October 3, 2006
- Hernandez, Ernio. "Sarah Ruhl's 'Eurydice' Opens Off-Broadway June 18," playbill.com, June 18, 2007
- "Eurydice lortel.org, accessed December 1, 2015
- Isherwood, Charles. "Theater Review. The Power of Memory to Triumph Over Death" New York Times, June 19, 2007
- Hetrick, Adam. "Ruhl's Eurydice Descends Upon Atlanta's Alliance March 14," playbill.com, March 14, 2008
- Barrymore Winners in Philly playbill.com, October 6, 2008
- Hetrick, Adam. Eurydice to Descend at Seattle's A.C.T. Beginning Sept. 5," playbill.com, August 27, 2008
-  playbill.com
- Ruhl 2006, p. 357.
- The Milwaukee Repertory Theater production of Eurydice
- Review: February 13, 2009 production at Round House Theatre, Washington Post