Brazilian Air Force One
|VC-1A "Brazilian Air Force One"|
Brazilian Air Force One is the Brazilian Air Force call sign of the aircraft carrying the President of Brazil. On international flights the aircraft uses the Brazilian Air Force ICAO code BRS1 and callsign Brazilian Air Force 01. The Special Transport Group (GTE) is the unit of the Brazilian Air Force responsible for transporting the President, Vice-President and other senior government officials.
Main aircraft (VC-1A)
The main presidential aircraft currently used to transport the President of Brazil is a modified version of the Airbus A319, with tail number 2101. It was designated by the Brazilian Air Force as VC-1A, and officially christened as the "Santos-Dumont", after the Brazilian aviation pioneer. It is used to transport the President on all medium and long-range international flights.
Cabin configuration and security
The VC-1A differs from standard A319 in features and security configuration. The cabin is divided into three separate sections. The first section (near the cockpit) is the presidential area of the aircraft, configured with a private office, a presidential suite, a meeting room and a security office. The middle section is configured with first-class seats reserved for authorities and senior staff. The rear section is configured with 20 business-class seats reserved for journalists and other passengers. The aircraft is also equipped with an Intensive Care Unit, three galleys and satellite communications.
The aircraft was designed to serve as an airborne command post, allowing the president to fully conduct his, or her duties from the air in the event of political instability or armed conflict. For that purpose, the plane is equipped with a number of military defense capabilities, such as anti-aircraft missile countermeasures and a Radar Warning Receiver. To guarantee the protection of classified and sensitive information, the aircraft is linked with the "SISCOMIS" (Brazilian Military Communications Satellite) which can be used to transfer data, image and voice between the aircraft and Brasília.
On July 2012 anonymous sources leaked that President Dilma Rousseff authorized the Brazilian Air Force to talk with Boeing about the purchase of a B-747 widebody, similar to the United States's Air Force One, as replacement for the A-319 as main Presidential Aircraft. Among the reasons for this early replacement of a still relatively young aircraft is the limited range of the present plane, which does not allow direct flights from Brasília to countries such as India and China, as well as recent mechanical problems of present aircraft.
Secondary aircraft (VC-2)
Two modified Embraer 190 jets, Air Force designation VC-2, christened as "Bartolomeu de Gusmão" and "Augusto Severo", are used for presidential travel within Brazil and South America. The Brazilian Air Force purchased the aircraft on 2 June 2008 to replace the two Boeing 737-2N3 (VC-96) that were previously used for short-range presidential transport. Comfort, safety, performance and technology were the priorities for choosing the new Embraer jets. The aircraft is configured with special communications systems, a private presidential office and a meeting room. It has the capacity for carrying 40 passengers with a range of over 2,500 miles.
Along with the VC-1A and the VC-2s, 21 other aircraft are part of the fleet:
- Two VIP-configured Eurocopter EC725 (VH-36) presidential helicopter.
- Two VIP-configured Eurocopter Super Puma (VH-34) presidential helicopters.
- Two VIP-configured Embraer ERJ-145 (VC-99C) aircraft.
- Ten Embraer ERJ-145 (C-99A) jets.
- Three Gates Learjet 35 (VU-35) jets.
- Two Eurocopter EC 135 (VH-35) helicopters
The VIP fleet is stationed at Brasília Air Force Base (BABR).
Former aircraft used exclusively for transporting the President of Brazil:
- A Lockheed C-66 Lodestar (VC-66) was the first presidential aircraft, acquired in 1941 during the term of President Getúlio Vargas.
- Two Vickers Viscount (VC-90) were bought in 1954 by President Juscelino Kubitschek to substitute the VC-66.
- Two BAC One-Elevens (VC-92) were acquired by President Costa e Silva in 1968. They were the first jet airplanes used for presidential transport in Brazil.
- Two Boeing 737 (VC-96) were purchased in substitution of the VC-92s, during the administration of President Ernesto Geisel, in 1976.
- A Boeing 707-300 was acquired in 1986 by President José Sarney and served the Presidency until its substitution in 2005 for the current Airbus 319 ACJ. The former aircraft has the nickname "Sucatão" (Big Scrap)
- VH-34 Presidential helicopter
- List of presidential trips made by Dilma Rousseff
- Air transports of heads of state and government
- Air Force One
- Russian presidential aircraft - Official aircraft of the President of Russia
-  Exclusive: Brazil's Rousseff in talks with Boeing for new jet. Retrieved on 21 July 2012.
- Embraer provides Embraer 190 jets to Brazilian Government Embraer. Retrieved on 31 January 2009.
- Presidência vai aposentar o "Sucatão" Folha de S.Paulo. Retrieved on 27 November 2009.
- "Associated Air Center awarded contract for completion of new ACJ for Brazilian Head of State" (PDF). Piedmont Hawthorne. 12 April 2004. Retrieved 7 September 2006.
- "New Air Force One for President Lula". MercoPress. Retrieved 6 July 2006.
- "Avião de US$ 57 milhões chega amanhã" (in Portuguese). Correio Braziliense. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 30 October 2006.
- "FAB 001, O Avião Presidencial" (in Portuguese). Defesa BR. Retrieved 30 July 2006.
- "Avião Presidencial faz parte do Sistema de Defesa Brasileiro" (PDF) (in Portuguese). Brazilian Air Force. 17 January 2005. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 September 2007. Retrieved 31 May 2007.
- "Ficha técnica do ACJ-319 Santos-Dumont" (PDF) (in Portuguese). Brazilian Air Force. 28 January 2005. Retrieved 31 May 2007.[dead link]
- "Recebimento da aeronave Presidencial" (PDF) (in Portuguese). Brazilian Air Force. 17 January 2005. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 September 2007. Retrieved 31 May 2007.
- "Presidência vai aposentar o "Sucatão"" (in Portuguese). Folha de S.Paulo. 15 January 2004. Retrieved 25 November 2009.
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