Federal Ministry of the Interior (Austria)

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Federal Ministry of the Interior
Bundesministerium für Inneres
Bundesministerium für Inneres logo.svg
Agency overview
Formed 1848; 169 years ago (1848)
Jurisdiction Austrian Federal Government
Headquarters Palais Modena
Innere Stadt, Vienna
48°12′33″N 16°21′57″E / 48.20917°N 16.36583°E / 48.20917; 16.36583Coordinates: 48°12′33″N 16°21′57″E / 48.20917°N 16.36583°E / 48.20917; 16.36583
Minister responsible
Agency executive
Website http://www.bmi.gv.at

The Federal Ministry of the Interior (German: Bundesministerium für Inneres, colloquially Innenministerium), abbreviated: BM.I, is the interior ministry of the Austrian Federal Government. Its headquarters are at the Palais Modena in Vienna. The current Minister for the Interior is Wolfgang Sobotka (ÖVP).

History[edit]

Until 1848 internal affairs of the country was under the responsibility of the Austro-Bohemian Court Chancellery which was established by Empress Maria Theresia.[1] In 1848 the ministry was established with the name of the Ministry of the Interior. Between 1918 and 1920 it was called State Office of the Interior. Then it was merged with the ministry of education and was renamed as State Office and Federal Ministry of the Interior and of Education.[1] The body was integrated into the federal government in 1923.[1] Following World War II it was renamed into its current title, Federal Ministry of the Interior.[1]

Responsibilities[edit]

Palais Modena, Vienna

The federal agency on cabinet-level is charged with the matters of public security, citizenship and civil status including legal names, elections, referendums and popular petitions as well as emergency management and the alternative civilian service.

As superior of the Directorate General for Public Security, the Minister for the Interior is in charge of the Federal Police, the Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution and Counterterrorism, the EKO Cobra tactical unit as well as of the Federal Criminal Police Office. Beyond the jurisdiction of the Federal Chancellery, the Ministry is also responsible for the matters of the Austrian states and municipalities, foundations and sovereign wealth funds.

Organization[edit]

Since April 2011, the minister is supported by a State Secretary for Integration. The ministry's four departments (Sektionen) are

List of Ministers[edit]

Austrian Empire (1804–1867)[edit]

Cisleithania in Austria-Hungary (1867–1918)[edit]

Republic of German-Austria (1918–1919)[edit]

First Republic of Austria (1919–1934)[edit]

  • Matthias Eldersch (SPÖ) (17 October 1919 – 11 June 1920)
  • Walter Breisky (CS) (7 July 1920 – 20 November 1920)
  • Egon Glanz (CS) (20 November 1920 – 7 April 1921)
  • Walter Breisky (CS) (7 April 1921 – 23 April 1921)
  • Rudolf Ramek (CS) (23 April 1921 – 1 June 1921)
  • Leopold Waber (GDVP) (21 June 1921 – 16 January 1922)
  • Johann Schober (16 January 1922 – 24 May 1922)
  • Felix Frank (GDVP) (31 May 1922 – 16 April 1923)
  • Ignaz Seipel (CS) (17 April 1923 – 8 November 1924)
  • Rudolf Ramek (CS) (19 November 1920 – 15 October 1926)
  • Ignaz Seipel (CS) (20 October 1926 – 3 April 1929)
  • Vinzenz Schumy (Landbund) (4 May 1929 – 25 September 1930)
  • Ernst Rüdiger Starhemberg (Heimatblock) (30 September 1930 – 4 December 1930)
  • Franz Winkler (Landbund) (4 December 1930 – 20 May 1932)
  • Franz Bachinger (Landbund) (20 May 1932 – 10 May 1933)
  • Vinzenz Schumy (Landbund) (10 May 1933 – 23 September 1933)
  • Robert Kerber (CS) (23 September 1933 – 1 May 1934)

Federal State of Austria (1934–1938)[edit]

Second Republic of Austria (1945–present)[edit]

Minister Party Term start Term end Days
in office
Franz Honner (de) KPÖ 27 April 1945 20 December 1945 237
Oskar Helmer (de) SPÖ 20 December 1945 12 May 1959 4,891
Afritsch, JosefJosef Afritsch SPÖ 16 July 1959 20 November 1962 1,223
Olah, FranzFranz Olah SPÖ 27 March 1963 21 September 1964 544
Hans Czettel (de) SPÖ 21 September 1964 25 October 1965 399
Franz Hetzenauer (de) ÖVP 19 April 1966 19 January 1968 640
Franz Soronics (de) ÖVP 19 January 1968 3 March 1970 774
Otto Rösch (de) SPÖ 21 April 1970 8 June 1977 2,605
Lanc, ErwinErwin Lanc SPÖ 8 June 1977 24 April 1983 2,146
Karl Blecha (de) SPÖ 24 May 1983 2 February 1989 2,081
Löschnak, FranzFranz Löschnak SPÖ 2 February 1989 6 April 1995 2,254
Einem, CasparCaspar Einem SPÖ 6 April 1995 20 January 1997 655
Karl Schlögl (de) SPÖ 28 January 1997 4 February 2000 1,102
Strasser, ErnstErnst Strasser ÖVP 4 February 2000 11 December 2004 1,772
Prokop, LieseLiese Prokop ÖVP 22 December 2004 31 December 2006 739
Platter, GüntherGünther Platter ÖVP 11 January 2007 1 July 2008 537
Fekter, MariaMaria Fekter ÖVP 1 July 2008 21 April 2011 1,024
Mikl-Leitner, JohannaJohanna Mikl-Leitner ÖVP 21 April 2011 21 April 2016 1,827
Wolfgang Sobotka (de) ÖVP 21 April 2016 Incumbent 403

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Mario Muigg (2009) The Austrian Federal Ministry of the Interior in the 20th century SIAK Journal (3) Retrieved 20 October 2013
  2. ^ Martin, Frederick, ed. (1876). The Statesman's Year-book 1876. p. 8. 
  3. ^ https://books.google.com/books?id=fptQAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA30
  4. ^ Ross, Martha (1997). 1492 to 1929. Rulers and Governments of the World. 2. p. 38. ISBN 0-85935-009-6. 

External links[edit]