Federalist No. 56 is an essay by James Madison, the fifty-sixth of The Federalist Papers. It was published on February 16, 1788 under the pseudonymPublius, the name under which all The Federalist Papers were published. Continuing from Federalist No. 55, this paper discusses the size of the United States House of Representatives. It is titled, "The Same Subject Continued: The Total Number of the House of Representatives." In this paper, Madison addresses the criticism that the House of Representatives is too small to sufficiently understand the varied interests of all its constituents. He goes on further to explain that in this representatives represent large amounts of people, effectively explaining why the "smaller" size of the House of Representatives was sufficient.