Ferdinand von Quast
|Ferdinand von Quast|
Ferdinand von Quast
18 October 1850|
|Died||27 March 1939
|Years of service||1870-1919|
|Rank||General der Infanterie|
|Commands held||2nd Regiment of Guards Grenadiers
39th Infantry Brigade
3rd Guards Infantry Brigade
2nd Guards Infantry Brigade
36th Infantry Division
6th Infantry Division
World War I
|Awards||Order of the Red Eagle
Pour le Merite with Oak Leaves
Alexander Ferdinand Ludolf von Quast (18 October 1850 – 27 March 1939 in Potsdam) was a Prussian military officer, participant in the Franco-Prussian War and a general in the First World War. He ordered the German 6th Army during the Battle of the Lys of the Spring Offensive in 1918.
Quast stemmed from a family of old Anhalt nobility. He was the son of the Prussian state conservator-restorer Ferdinand von Quast and his wife Maria, née von Diest (1818–17 August 1885). Her father was Prussian Lieutenant General Heinrich von Diest. On 21 Jun 1877 Quast married Alexandrine Freiin von Paykull.
On 19 July 1870 he joined the 2nd (Emperor Francis) Regiment of Guards Grenadiers and fought with it in the Franco-Prussian War. On 12 January 1871 Quast was promoted to Sekondeleutnant and received the Iron Cross 2nd Class. On 23 September 1879 he was promoted to Premierleutnant. 1887 followed a promotion to Hauptmann, and in 1894 he was made a Major and assigned as battalion-commander in the 2nd Guards Infantry. In 1901 von Quast was promoted to Oberstleutnant and assigned to the staff of 1st (Emperor Alexander) Guards Grenadiers before becoming commander of his old 2nd Guards Grenadiers with the rank of Oberst on 18 April 1903.
As General-major he took command of the 39th Infantry Brigade at Hannover on 21 May 1907. The following year he was at first assigned as commander of the 3rd Guards Infantry Brigade in Berlin, then assigned to the 2nd Guard Infantry Brigade in Potsdam. On 27 July 1910 Quast was tasked with the command of the 36th Infantry Division in Gdańsk. Shortly afterwards he was promoted to Generalleutnant and given command of the 6th Infantry Division in Brandenburg City. In March 1913 Quast was named commanding general of the IX Corps in Altona, Hamburg.
First World War
FIghting in the Battle of Tirlemont (Hautem-Sainte-Marguerite), von Quast was promoted to General der Infanterie on 19 August 1914. In 1916 he participated in the Battle of the Somme where he and his corps were positioned in the southern sector near Péronne. His stern defensive and his organizatorial skills were noticed and he received the Pour le Merite from the hand of Emperor Wilhelm II on 11 August. In January 1917 Quast was assigned to lead the prestigious Guards Corps, a command he held until September when he was named commander of the 6th Army. On 10 April 1918 he was awarded the oak leaves to his Pour le Merite.
After the war
After the fighting ended and the demobilisation of the high command von Quast relinquished his command and put in the leadership reserve. On 18 January 1919 he was assigned command of Grenzschutz-Armeeoberkommando Nord (literally Border Protection – Army High Command North) as par of the Provisional Reichswehr at Königsberg. After the Treaty of Versailles was signed von Quast requested his retirement and finally retired on 7 July 1919.
Decorations and awards
- Order of the Red Eagle, 2nd Class with Oak Leaves and Star
- Order of the Crown, 1st Class
- Knight of Justice of the Order of Saint John (Bailiwick of Brandenburg)
- Pour le Merite (11 August 1916) with Oak Leaves (10 April 1918)
- Grand Cross of the Order of the Zähringer Lion
- Order of the Crown of Italy, 3rd Class
- Knight's Cross of the Order of Leopold
- Order of the Iron Crown, 3rd Class
- Grand Cross of the Order of Franz Joseph
- Commander 1st Class of the Order of the Sword
- Order of the Medjidie, 2nd Class
- Commander's Cross (2nd Class) of the Military Order of St. Henry (7 May 1918)
- Iron Cross, 2nd Class (12 August 1871)
||This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. (April 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
- Ferdinand von Quast on The Prussian Machine
Otto von Below
|Commander, 6th Army
9 September 1917 - January 1919