Order of the Lion and the Sun

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This article is about the Order of the Lion and the Sun. For other uses, see Order of the Lion.
Imperial Order of the Lion and the Sun
Officier in de Orde van de Leeuw en de Zon Iran rond 1900 Civiele Divisie.jpg
Awarded by Qajar and Pahlavi dynasty
Eligibility Military and Civilian Order
Next (higher) None (highest)
Next (lower) Order of the Crown
Order of the Lion and the Sun (Iran). Medal.gif

The Imperial Order of the Lion and the Sun was instituted by Fat’h Ali Shah of the Qajar Dynasty in 1808 to honour foreign officials (later extended to Persians) who had rendered distinguished services to Persia. In 1925, under the Pahlavi dynasty the Order continued as the Order of Homayoun with new insignia, though based on the Lion and Sun motif. This motif was used for centuries by the rulers of Persia, being formally adopted under Mohammad Shah.

The order was senior to the Order of the Crown. It was issued in five grades.


Foreign recipients[edit]

Major-General Sir John Malcolm was the first foreign recipient in 1810. Other foreign recipients include:

In literature[edit]

  • Anton Chekhov has a short story titled The Lion And The Sun. The story is about a mayor who had "long been desirous of receiving the Persian order of The Lion and the Sun".[1]

See also[edit]


  • On 6 September 1900, the mayor of Mariánské Lázně, Dr. Nadler, was decorated with the Commander Cross of the Lion and the Order of the Sun by the Shah during an official visit.


External links[edit]