Ficus craterostoma

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Ficus craterostoma
Ficus craterostoma, Manie van der Schijff BT.jpg
In Pretoria, South Africa
Scientific classification
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F. craterostoma
Binomial name
Ficus craterostoma
Warb. ex Mildbr. & Burret
Synonyms[1]
  • F. anomani Hutch.
  • F. furcata var. angustifolia De Wild.
  • F. luteola De Wild.
  • F. mutantifolia Hutch.
  • F. pilosula De Wild.
  • F. rubropunctata De Wild.
  • F. ruwenzoriensis De Wild.

Ficus craterostoma, a species of strangler fig, is a fig shrub or tree of the Afrotropics that may grow up to 20 m tall.[2] It is found in lowland tropical and swamp forests in the west, or in afromontane forests, including rocky situations, along Africa's eastern escarpments. The western and eastern populations may constitute separate species, as they occur at different altitudes where their ranges meet in central Africa, while they seem to have exclusive pollinating wasp species.[3]

Foliage[edit]

Spray with sessile, axillary figs on the terminal branchlets
Sessile, axillary figs

Their dark, small leaves are obovate to blunt-tipped (reverse triangular) or even concave at the tip.[4] The leaves of F. natalensis are similar, though more rounded and never concave at the tip.[5]

Figs[edit]

The small, stalkless figs grow in pairs in leaf axils. They measure from 0.5 to 1 cm in diameter and assume a yellowish red colour when ripe.[4][5] Without the presence of the pollinating wasp, the figs will abort and are dropped in large numbers.[4] The pollinating wasp of the western and eastern populations are Alfonsiella michaloudi and Alfonsiella pipithiensis respectively.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ficus craterostoma Warb. ex Mildbr. & Burret, Synonyms". ThePlantList. Retrieved 21 January 2013.
  2. ^ "Ficus craterostoma Warb. ex Mildbr. & Burret". African Plant Database. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques & South African National Biodiversity Institute. Retrieved 21 January 2013.
  3. ^ a b Rasplus, Jean-Yves & Simon van Noort. "Ficus craterostoma Mildbraed & Burret 1911". figweb. Iziko Museums. Archived from the original on 16 November 2012. Retrieved 11 July 2013.
  4. ^ a b c Van Wyk, Braam; et al. (1997). Field Guide to the Trees of Southern Africa. Cape Town: Struik. p. 72. ISBN 1-86825-922-6.
  5. ^ a b Pooley, Elsa (1997). The complete guide to trees of Natal, Zululand & Transkei. Durban: Natal Flora Publications Trust. pp. 72–73. ISBN 0-620-17697-0.

External links[edit]

Media related to Ficus craterostoma at Wikimedia Commons