Fischer–Saller scale

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The Fischer–Saller Scale, named for Nazi eugenicist Eugen Fischer and German anthropologist Karl Saller [de], is used in physical anthropology and medicine to determine the shades of hair color. The scale uses the following designations:[1][2][3][4]

A Young blond man.jpg very light blond
B to E Lucy Merriam (cropped).jpg light blond
F to L TKvamme.jpg blond
M to O Uschi Glas (Berlinale 2012) (cropped).jpg dark blond
P to T Goofy Boy.jpg light brown to medium brown – "chatain"
U to Y Sharon Shannon smiling.jpg dark brown/black – "brunet"
I, II, III, IV German Woman Portrait - Dutch summer festival of the Redhead Day in Breda, September 2010.jpg red
V, VI Strawberry Blond Girl.jpg red blond

Earlier scale[edit]

An earlier version of the scale created by Eugen Fischer, known as the Fischer Scale, used a different range of designations:[5][2][6]

1–3 red
4 dark-brown
5 dark-brown / brown
6 brown/ auburn
7 brown / lightbrown
8 brown / lightbrown
9 light-brown (sometimes in reddish shades) / some anthropologists call it dark-blond also
10 light-brown (sometimes in reddish shades) / some anthropologists call it dark-blond also
11 dark-blond / some anthropologists call it light-brown also
12–19 golden blond
20–25 ash-blond
26 dark ash-blond / some anthropologists call it lightbrown also
27–28 black

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Ubelaker, Douglas H. (July 2000). "Change in Hair Pigmentation in Children from Birth to 5 Years in a Central European Population (Longitudinal Study)". Forensic Science Communications. 2 (3).
  2. ^ a b Malinowski, Andrzej (1997). "Podstawy antropometrii. Metody, techniki, normy". Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  3. ^ "Contribution à l'anthropologie des Corses : Anthropologie de la tête (suite) - Persée". 26 February 1968.
  4. ^ "Image - TinyPic - bezpłatny hosting obrazów, udostępnianie zdjęć i hosting filmów wideo".
  5. ^ Coon, Carleton Stevens (1939). "The races of Europe". Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  6. ^ Michalski, Ireneusz (1949). "The anthropological structure of Poland in light of the Polish War Office's materials. Part I". Cite journal requires |journal= (help)