Flight of the Navigator
|Flight of the Navigator|
|Directed by||Randal Kleiser|
|Story by||Mark H. Baker|
|Music by||Alan Silvestri|
|Distributed by||Buena Vista Pictures (United States)|
PSO Productions (International)[a]
Flight of the Navigator is a 1986 American science fiction adventure film directed by Randal Kleiser and written by Mark H. Baker, Michael Burton, and Matt MacManus. It stars Joey Cramer as David Freeman, a 12-year-old boy who is abducted by an alien spaceship and transported from 1978 to 1986. It features an early film appearance by Sarah Jessica Parker as Carolyn McAdams, a key character who befriends David in a time of need.
The film's producers initially sent the project to Walt Disney Pictures in 1984, but the studio was unable to approve it and it was sent to Producers Sales Organization, which made a deal with Disney to distribute it in the United States. It was partially shot in Fort Lauderdale, Florida, and Norway, being a coproduction with Norwegian company Viking Film.
The film is notable for being one of the first Hollywood films to use extensive CGI effects, specifically, it was the first use of image-based lighting, and an early use of morphing in a motion picture. It is also known to be one of the first Hollywood productions to feature an entirely electronic music film score, composed using a Synclavier, one of the first digital multi-track recorders and samplers.
The film has since become a cult classic, and has a large cult following among science fiction and Disney fans. In September 2017, Walt Disney Pictures announced that a reboot of the film was in the works.
On July 4, 1978, in Fort Lauderdale, Florida, 12-year-old David Freeman walks through the woods to pick up his 8-year-old brother, Jeff, from a friend's house when he falls into a ravine and is knocked unconscious. When he comes to, eight years have passed and it is now 1986. He has not aged, and his appearance exactly matches his missing child poster. He is reunited with his aged parents and the now 16-year-old Jeff.
Meanwhile, an alien spaceship crashes through power lines and is captured by NASA. Hospital tests on David's brainwaves reveal images of it. Dr. Louis Faraday, who has been studying it, persuades David to come to a NASA research facility for just 48 hours, promising him they can help learn what happened to him. Faraday discovers that his mind is full of alien technical manuals and star charts far exceeding NASA's research, and that he was taken to the planet Phaelon, 560 light years away, in just 2.2 hours. Having traveled faster than light, he has experienced time dilation, explaining how eight years have passed on Earth, but not for him. Faraday decides to keep him there to finish his investigation, breaking his 48-hour promise.
Following a telepathic communication from the spaceship, David secretly boards it and meets its robotic commander, "Trimaxion Drone Ship" ("Max"), who calls him the "Navigator". They escape from the facility and Max tells David that his mission is to travel the galaxy collecting biological specimens for analysis on Phaelon before returning them to their homes. Phaelon's scientists discovered that humans only use 10% of their brain and, as an experiment, filled the remainder of David's with miscellaneous information. Max returned him to Earth, but not to his own time, having determined a trip back in time would be dangerous for a human. When Max crashed the spaceship, the computer's data was erased. So he needs the information in David's brain to return home.
While Max prepares for a mind transfer, David meets other alien specimens on board and bonds with a "Puckmaren", a tiny bat-like creature that is the last of his kind after a comet destroyed his planet. During the mind transfer, Max contracts human emotions and behaves eccentrically. His and David's bickering trigger UFO reports in Tokyo and the US. Meanwhile, NASA intern Carolyn McAdams, who befriended David, tells his family about his escape in the spaceship, so Faraday has them confined to their house, and Carolyn is sent back to the facility.
When the spaceship stops at a gas station, David calls Jeff, who sets off fireworks on the roof to locate their house. David and Max arrive there, but NASA agents have tracked the spaceship. Fearing institutionalization if he remains in 1986, David orders Max to return him to 1978, accepting the risk of vaporization. He awakes in the ravine, walks home, and finds everything as he left it. During the Fourth of July celebration, Jeff sees that the Puckmaren has stowed away in David's backpack. David tells him to keep it a secret, while Max flies home across the firework-lit sky, calling "See you later, navigator!".
- Joey Cramer as David Freeman
- Paul Reubens as Voice of Max
- Veronica Cartwright as Helen Freeman
- Cliff DeYoung as Bill Freeman
- Sarah Jessica Parker as Carolyn McAdams
- Matt Adler as Jeff Freeman (16 Years Old)
- Albie Whitaker as Jeff Freeman (8 Years Old)
- Howard Hesseman as Dr. Louis Faraday
- Jonathan Sanger as Dr. Carr
- Iris Acker as Janet Howard
- Richard Liberty as Larry Howard
- Raymond Forchion as Detective Banks
- Keri Rogers as Jennifer Bradley
Some of the scenes with the Trimaxion Drone Ship were rendered in computer-generated imagery (CGI) by Omnibus Computer Animation, under the supervision of director Randal Kleiser's brother, Jeff. It was the first film to use reflection mapping to create realistic reflections on a simulated chrome surface.
Jeff Kleiser explained that Randal had been inspired by commercial work that he had done at his previous company, Digital Effects: "Jean Miller and Bob Hoffman had written a reflection mapping software that simulated a drop of water dripping from a faucet, which had refraction and reflection on the spout and it drips off. Randal saw that: ‘Wow. Could you make the spaceship reflective, like reflecting the environment?’" The morphing effect was based on by work Digital Effects had done on a 1985 Tide detergent commercial.
Effects were rendered on the Foonly F1 computer before being matted onto the film print. The computer did not have much storage space so once the frame was mapped the data was deleted to make way for the new frame. The rest were using one of two life size props or miniatures on a computer operated camera.
The music score for the film was composed and performed by Alan Silvestri. It is distinct from his other scores in being entirely electronically generated, using the Synclavier, one of the first digital multi-track recorders and samplers.
|Flight of the Navigator|
|Soundtrack album by|
|Genre||Electronic, film score|
- Theme from "Flight of the Navigator"
- "Main Title"
- "The Ship Beckons"
- "David in the Woods"
- "Robot Romp"
- "Transporting the Ship"
- "Ship Drop"
- "Have to Help a Friend"
- "The Shadow Universe"
- "Star Dancing"
The film received mainly positive reviews. Rotten Tomatoes gave it a rating of 84% based on 31 reviews, with an average rating of 6.60/10. The consensus reads, "Bolstered by impressive special effects and a charming performance from its young star, Flight of the Navigator holds up as a solidly entertaining bit of family-friendly sci-fi."
Kevin Thomas of the Los Angeles Times said the film's biggest plus was "its entirely believable, normal American family." The New York Times described it as "definitely a film most children can enjoy." People declared it "out-of-this-world fun." Empire gave it 3/5 stars, saying it was "well-made enough to keep the family happy, but it certainly won’t challenge them." Variety was more critical, announcing that "instead of creating an eye-opening panorama, Flight of the Navigator looks through the small end of the telescope." Dave Kehr gave it 3 stars and described it as "a new high for Disney."
Special effects analysis
In May 2009, The Hollywood Reporter reported that Disney was readying a remake of the film. Brad Copeland was writing the script and Mandeville partners David Hoberman and Todd Lieberman would serve as producers. In November 2012, Disney hired Safety Not Guaranteed's director Colin Trevorrow and writer/producer Derek Connolly to rewrite the script.
In September 2017, Walt Disney Pictures announced that a reboot of the film is in pre-production with Joe Henderson from TV's Lucifer writing the script. Shortly after the Lionsgate/Henson announcement, in November at the same year, Neill Blomkamp tweeted that Oats Studios has begun developing a reboot as its first feature film.
Notes and references
- Buena Vista/Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures only have North American distribution rights. Copyright to the film still rests at PSO.
- Mark Damon; Linda Schreyer (2008). From Cowboy to Mogul to Monster: The Neverending Story of Film Pioneer Mark Damon. Bloomington, Indiana: AuthorHouse. p. 376. ISBN 978-1-4343-7737-1.
- Charles Solomon (1987-08-01). "Commentary : Computer Graphics Shows Its Stuff". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2012-06-10.
- "Flight of the Navigator - 1986 - Joey Cramer, Randal Kleiser - Variety Profiles". Variety. July 30, 1986. Retrieved December 20, 2009.[dead link]
- "Flight of the Navigator (1986) | BFI".
- "Flight of the Navigator (1986)". The Powergrid. Wrap News inc. Archived from the original on January 10, 2016. Retrieved September 8, 2013.
- McNary, Dave (2017-09-28). "'Flight of the Navigator' Reboot in Works With 'Lucifer' Showrunner". Variety. Retrieved 2017-09-28.
- "The Untold Truth Of Flight Of The Navigator".
- Anderson, Martin (2009-07-15). "Jeff Kleiser Discusses the Early CGI of Flight of the Navigator". Den of Geek!. Retrieved 2016-01-15.
- Hoare, James (2022-06-17). "CGI Fridays | Jeff Kleiser's Strange Journey from Super-8 to Stargate". The Companion. Retrieved 2022-06-24.
- "Jeff Kleiser discusses the early CGI of Flight Of The Navigator". Den of Geek. 2009-07-15. Retrieved 2021-05-21.
- Film's end credits
- "Flight of the Navigator (1986)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango. Retrieved April 29, 2021.
- Kevin Thomas (1986-07-31). "Movie Review : 'Flight Of Navigator' Offers A Family Outing". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2012-06-10.
- Caryn James (1986-07-30). "The Screen: 'Flight Of The Navigator'". The New York Times. Retrieved 2013-09-08.
- Scot Haller; Tom Cunneff; Ira Hellman (1986-08-18). "Picks and Pans Review: Flight of the Navigator". People. Retrieved 2013-09-08.
- "Flight of the Navigator". Empire. Archived from the original on 2014-02-22. Retrieved 2013-09-08.
- "Review:"Flight of the Navigator"". Variety. Retrieved 2013-09-08.
- Dave Kehr (July 30, 1986). "'Flight Of Navigator' A New High For Disney". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved December 20, 2009.
- Melikdjanian, Alan (20 May 2021). "VFXcool: Flight of the Navigator". youtube.com. Captain Disillusion. Archived from the original on 25 May 2021. Retrieved 25 May 2021.
Captain Disillusion leaves Alan in charge of an episode and things get rapidly nostalgic.
- Borys Kit (2009-05-26). "Disney, Mandeville file new 'Flight' plan". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 2013-09-08.
- Trumbore, Dave (2012-11-27). "Colin Trevorrow and Derek Connolly to Rewrite FLIGHT OF THE NAVIGATOR Remake; Trevorrow May Direct". Collider. Retrieved 2017-04-23.
- Blomkamp, Neill (22 November 2017). "So for clarity on @oatsstudios shorts, people are asking for part 2's of certain films, - the first follow up short will be for ADAM, coming soonish. The first proper feature film will be ..." Twitter. Retrieved 1 March 2020.
- Blomkamp, Neill (22 November 2017). "Image from the film, indicating that Oats Studios is making a remake of Flight of the Navigator". Twitter. Retrieved 1 March 2020.
- Brew, Simon (23 November 2017). "Flight Of The Navigator Remake Teased by Neill Blomkamp". Den of Geek!. Retrieved 1 March 2020.
- Boccella, Maggie (September 15, 2021). "Bryce Dallas Howard to Direct 'Flight of the Navigator' Reboot for Disney+". Collider. Retrieved September 15, 2021.