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According to the 2002 census of the National Statistics Institute, Florida spans an area of 608.6 km2 (235 sq mi) and has 10,177 inhabitants (5,231 men and 4,946 women). Of these, 3,875 (38.1%) lived in urban areas and 6,302 (61.9%) in rural areas. Between the 1992 and 2002 censuses, the population fell by 2.5% (260 persons).
As a commune, Florida is a third-level administrative division of Chile administered by a communal council, headed by an alcalde who is directly elected every four years. The 2008-2012 alcalde is Juan Vergara Reyes. The communal council has the following members: