From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Fontainea oraria new growth.jpg
Fontainea oraria
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Subfamily: Crotonoideae
Tribe: Codiaeae
Genus: Fontainea
Type species
Fontainea pancheri
(Baill.) Heckel

Fontainea is a genus constituting part of the plant family Euphorbiaceae.[1][2][3][4] The nine currently known species grow naturally in Queensland (Qld) and New South Wales (NSW) Australia (6 spp.), New Caledonia and Vanuatu (1 sp.), and Papua New Guinea (2 spp.).[2][3][4][5][6] Some species are commonly named blushwood.

One species, Fontainea oraria, the coast fontainea, is known only from 10 living plants growing on private property near Lennox Head in northern New South Wales, Australia. Its status is critically endangered.

In 1870 in a European medical science doctoral thesis Édouard Marie Heckel first named this genus in honour of his supervisor Constant Aristide Fontaine (1818–1900), professor of chemistry and toxicology at Toulon, France.[1][7]

A compound, EBC-46, of the seed or other plant parts of these spp. or of Hylandia dockrillii has potential cancer-fighting properties in current research and recently published studies. The experimental drug shows promising early results in pre-clinical trials in animal models.[8][9][10]


Sourced from the authoritative Australian Plant Name Index and Australian Plant Census,[2] as of October 2014, the 1985 published genus revision,[4] the 1997 new keys and spp. descriptions,[3] and the Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.[6]


  1. ^ a b c Heckel, Édouard Marie (1870). Etude au point de vue botanique et thérapeutique sur le Fontainea pancheri (nobis). Thèse Inaug. Montpellier. 9. pp. 10–. Retrieved 12 Oct 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Fontainea%". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) database (listing by % wildcard matching of all taxa relevant to Australia). Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government. Retrieved 12 Oct 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c d Forster, Paul I. (1997). "Three new species of Fontainea Heckel (Euphorbiaceae) from Australia and Papua New Guinea". Austrobaileya. 5 (1): 29–37. JSTOR 41729915. 
  4. ^ a b c d Jessup, Laurie W.; Guymer, Gordon P. (1985). "A revision of Fontainea Heckel (Euphorbiaceae – Cluytiae)". Austrobaileya. 2 (2): 112–125. JSTOR 41738658. 
  5. ^ Forster, Paul I.; Welzen, Peter C. van (1999). "The Malesian species of Choriceras, Fontainea & Petalostigma (Euphorbiaceae)". Blumea. 44: 99–107. 
  6. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  7. ^ Atchives nationales (France). Léonore database
  8. ^ "Frequently Asked Questions". QBiotics. 2014. Retrieved 10 Oct 2014. 
  9. ^ "Scientists discover cancer-fighting berry on tree that only grows in Far North Queensland". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 8 Oct 2014. Retrieved 8 Oct 2014. 
  10. ^ Boyle, G. M.; d'Souza, M. M. A.; Pierce, C. J.; Adams, R. A.; Cantor, A. S.; Johns, J. P.; Maslovskaya, L.; Gordon, V. A.; Reddell, P. W.; Parsons, P. G. (2014). "Intra-Lesional Injection of the Novel PKC Activator EBC-46 Rapidly Ablates Tumors in Mouse Models". PLoS ONE. 9 (10): e108887. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0108887. PMC 4182759Freely accessible. PMID 25272271. 

External links[edit]