Fort Pownall

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Fort Pownall
Fort Pownall, Maine.png
Fort Pownall
Fort Pownall is located in Maine
Fort Pownall
Nearest city Stockton Springs, Maine
Coordinates 44°28′5″N 68°48′46″W / 44.46806°N 68.81278°W / 44.46806; -68.81278Coordinates: 44°28′5″N 68°48′46″W / 44.46806°N 68.81278°W / 44.46806; -68.81278
Built 1759
Architectural style No Style Listed
Governing body State
NRHP Reference # 69000028[1]
Added to NRHP October 28, 1969

The Fort Pownall was a British fortification built during the French and Indian War that is located in Maine's 120-acre (0.49 km2) Fort Point State Park. The park is located on Fort Point, a small peninsula running eastward from Cape Jellison.[2]

In 1760, during the French and Indian War, Massachusetts governor Thomas Pownall led the construction of a fort here, which he named Fort Pownall after himself. It was one of three significant forts which the British built on the major rivers in the Northeast to cut off the native water ways to the ocean to prevent attacks on the British settlers (also see Fort Halifax and Fort Frederick (Saint John, New Brunswick)).[3] The fort was intended to secure the area for European settlement by driving off the remaining Norridgewock and Penobscot Indians. Commander of the fort was Jedidiah Preble.[4] No battles ever took place at the fort. In 1775, British forces seized the cannons and powder. Later, a regiment of continental soldiers burnt the blockhouse and filled-in most of the ditches to prevent their use by the British.[5]

See also[edit]

Links[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23. 
  2. ^ "Fort Point State Historic Site". State of Maine, Department of Conservation, Bureau of Parks & Land. Retrieved 2008-04-07. 
  3. ^ https://archive.org/stream/acg3054.0001.005.umich.edu#page/364/mode/2up
  4. ^ http://archive.org/stream/genealogicalsket00preb#page/n73/mode/2up
  5. ^ "Fort Pownall". State of Maine, Department of Conservation, Bureau of Parks & Land. 2004-12-02. Retrieved 2007-11-04.