Fort Totten, North Dakota
Fort Totten, North Dakota
Aerial photo of Fort Totten taken in 1997
Location of Fort Totten, North Dakota
|• Total||8.8 sq mi (22.9 km2)|
|• Land||8.6 sq mi (22.3 km2)|
|• Water||0.2 sq mi (0.6 km2)|
|Elevation||1,490 ft (454 m)|
|• Density||140/sq mi (54/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (Central (CST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||1029023|
Fort Totten is a census-designated place (CDP) in Benson County, North Dakota, United States. The population was 1,243 at the 2010 census. Fort Totten is located within the Spirit Lake Reservation and is the site of tribal headquarters. The reservation has a total population estimated at 6,000. Although not formally incorporated as a city, Fort Totten has the largest population of any community in Benson County.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 8.8 square miles (23 km2), of which 8.6 square miles (22 km2) is land and 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2) (2.77%) is water.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 952 people, 230 households, and 200 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 124.2 people per square mile (47.9/km²). There were 255 housing units at an average density of 33.3/sq mi (12.8/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 0.84% White, 0.11% African American, 98.84% Native American, and 0.21% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.74% of the population.
There were 230 households out of which 54.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 28.7% were married couples living together, 43.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 13.0% were non-families. 10.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.14 and the average family size was 4.23.
In the CDP, the population was spread out with 49.4% under the age of 18, 11.8% from 18 to 24, 23.8% from 25 to 44, 12.1% from 45 to 64, and 2.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 18 years. For every 100 females, there were 103.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.8 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $15,395, and the median income for a family was $15,774. Males had a median income of $20,179 versus $19,063 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $5,165. About 51.2% of families and 53.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 57.8% of those under age 18 and 50.0% of those age 65 or over.
By 2010, the population in Fort Totten had increased to 1243.
Sites of interest
- Fort Totten State Historic Site is a fort built after the American Civil War by the United States Army to protect European-American settlers in the area. It was also used as the site of the Devil's Lake Indian Agency (the original name of the reservation). Later the fort was adapted for use as an Indian boarding school, one of several run by the federal government via the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
- Sully's Hill National Game Preserve is a National Wildlife Refuge commissioned by Theodore Roosevelt.
This climatic region is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Elm Creek has a humid continental climate, abbreviated "Dfb" on climate maps.
- History of Fort Totten United States Department of the Interior, 1950
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File". American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 2 May 2011.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- U.S. Census Bureau. Census 2000, Summary File 1. "GCT-PH1. Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2000 - County -- Subdivision and Place". American FactFinder. <http://factfinder2.census.gov>. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Fort Totten, North Dakota", 2010 U.S. Decennial Census
- Climate Summary for Fort Totten, North Dakota