Fouad Mebazaa

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Fouad Mebazaa
فؤاد المبزع
FouedMebazaa.jpg
3rd President of Tunisia
In office
15 January 2011 – 13 December 2011
(Acting to 3 March 2011)
Prime MinisterMohamed Ghannouchi
Béji Caïd Essebsi
Preceded byMohamed Ghannouchi (Acting)
Succeeded byMoncef Marzouki
President of the Chamber of Deputies
In office
14 October 1991 – 15 January 2011
PresidentZine El Abidine Ben Ali
Preceded byHabib Boularès
Succeeded bySahbi Karoui (Acting)
Personal details
Born (1933-06-15) 15 June 1933 (age 85)[1]
Tunis, Tunisia
Political partyIndependent (2011–present)[2]
Other political
affiliations
Constitutional Democratic Rally (Before 2011)

Fouad Mebazaa (Arabic: فؤاد المبزعFuʾād el-Mbazaʿ; born 15 June 1933) is a Tunisian politician who was President of Tunisia from 15 January 2011 to 13 December 2011.[3] He was active in Neo Destour prior to Tunisian independence,[1] served as Minister of Youth and Sports, Minister of Public Health, and Minister of Culture and Information,[1] and was President of the Chamber of Deputies of Tunisia[4] from 1991 to 2011.[1]

Political career[edit]

Pre-independence[edit]

Born during the French occupation of Tunisia, Mebazaa became a member of the "constitutional youth" in 1947 and was elected a member of the AixMarseille unit of the Neo Destour political party, which played a major role in gaining independence from France.[1] He was elected as Secretary-General of the Marsa unit of Neo Destour in 1955 and President of its Montpellier unit in 1956.[1]

1956–2010[edit]

After Tunisian independence in 1956, Mebazaa was elected to the Chamber of Deputies several times, starting in 1964.[1] He was Governor-Mayor of Tunis from 1969 to 1973, occupied several ministerial posts relating to youth, sports, public health, culture and information during the 1970s and late 1980s, and was an ambassador in Geneva and Morocco during the 1980s.[1] Mebazaa has been a member of the Central Committee of the Constitutional Democratic Rally since 1988. From 1995 to 1998 he was Mayor of Carthage.[1] He was also elected President of the Chamber of Deputies in 1997 and reelected in 2004.[1]

2011 Presidency[edit]

After the exile of President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali to Saudi Arabia following continued protests, Mebazaa was appointed as President following the Constitutional Council's interpretation of the situation and the Constitution. Prime Minister Mohamed Ghannouchi had briefly claimed to be President the previous day, prior to the Constitutional Council's declaration of its opinion.[5] Under Article 57 of the Constitution, an election was to take place between 45 and 60 days following Mebazaa's appointment.[3][6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Biographie de Monsieur Foued Mebazaa Président de la Chambre des Députés" (PDF). Assemblée parlementaire de la Francophonie. 2011-01-16. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2011-01-16. Retrieved 2011-01-16.
  2. ^ "Tunisia: New government leaders quit ruling party". BBC News. 18 January 2011.
  3. ^ a b "Tunisia swears in leader". al Jazeera. 2011-01-15. Archived from the original on 2011-01-15. Retrieved 2011-01-15.
  4. ^ Top advisor: China to push forward cooperation with Tunisia Xinhua News 2007-04-17
  5. ^ "Tunisia's Constitutional Council: President Ben Ali's Departure is Permanent". voanews. 15 January 2010.
  6. ^ Tunisian parlndiamentary speaker becomes acting president: officials Ahramonline 2011-01-15

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Habib Boularès
President of the Chamber of Deputies
1997–2011
Succeeded by
Sahbi Karoui
Acting
Preceded by
Mohamed Ghannouchi
Acting
President of Tunisia
Acting

2011
Succeeded by
Moncef Marzouki