Fountains Fell

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Fountains Fell
Fountains Fell cairn.jpg
Cairn on Fountains Fell
Highest point
Elevation 668 m (2,192 ft)
Prominence 243 m (797 ft)
Parent peak Pen-y-ghent
Listing Marilyn
Coordinates 54°08′23″N 02°12′34″W / 54.13972°N 2.20944°W / 54.13972; -2.20944Coordinates: 54°08′23″N 02°12′34″W / 54.13972°N 2.20944°W / 54.13972; -2.20944
Geography
Fountains Fell is located in Yorkshire Dales
Fountains Fell
Fountains Fell
Parent range Pennines
OS grid SD864716
Topo map OS Landranger 98 or OL 2

Fountains Fell[1] is a mountain in the Yorkshire Dales, England. The main summit (SD864716) has a height of 668 metres (2,192 ft) and a relative height or topographic prominence of 243 metres (797 ft) and thus qualifies as a Marilyn.[2] Its subsidiary south top (SD868708) reaches 662 metres (2,172 ft) and qualifies as a Nuttall.[3] A third summit, further south at SD868697, reaches 610 metres (2,001 ft) and is the most southerly 2,000 ft summit in the Pennines.[4]

The eastern slopes of the fell form part of the National Trust's Malham Tarn and Moor estate.[5]

History[edit]

The name Fountains derives from ownership of the land in the 13th century by the Cistercian monks of Fountains Abbey (25 miles (40 km) to the east, near Ripon), who used it for sheep grazing.[6] Coal was mined on the summit from 1790 to 1860, and was used for lead smelting in the area.[6] There are various pits and shafts on and near the summit, and the remains of a coke oven building.[6]

Pennine Way[edit]

The Pennine Way crosses Fountains Fell about a third of a mile north of the summit. For the northbound walker this is 85 miles (137 km) from the start of the way at Edale, and is the first point where the way climbs higher than Kinder Scout's 636 metres (2,087 ft) which was reached soon after the start. It is 8 miles (13 km) along the Pennine Way from Malham village to the summit of Fountains Fell, the route climbing up beside the dramatic cliffs of Malham Cove and passing Malham Tarn before climbing up the east side of the fell. The route continues down the western slopes of the fell and ascends the southern ridge of Pen-y-ghent, reached after 3.5 miles (6 km): this summit of 694 metres (2,277 ft) then supplants Fountains Fell as the highest point yet reached on the Pennine Way.[7]

Caving[edit]

There are several caves of interest to cavers on Fountains Fell, including Antler Hole, Dalehead Pot, Echo Hole, Fornagh Gill, Gingling Pot, Hammer Pot and Magnetometer Pot.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fell, from the Old Norse fjall, 'mountain', is used to refer to mountains, or certain types of mountainous landscape, in parts of England and Scandinavia.
  2. ^ Dawson, Alan (1997). "Section 35B: Central Pennines". TACit Tables: The Hewitts and Marilyns of England. TACit Press. ISBN 0-9522680-7-8. Retrieved 2008-05-25. 
  3. ^ Nuttall, John; Nuttall, Anne. "Mountains of England". Retrieved 2008-05-25. 
  4. ^ Wright, Nick (1974). English Mountain Summits. London: Robert Hale. p. 68. ISBN 0-7091-4560-8. 
  5. ^ National Trust. "Malham Tarn and Moor". Retrieved 2008-05-25. 
  6. ^ a b c Nuttall, John; Nuttall, Anne (1990). The Mountains of England and Wales. Cicerone Press. p. 276. ISBN 1-85284-037-4. Retrieved 2008-05-25. 
  7. ^ Wainwright, Alfred (1968). Pennine Way Companion. Westmorland Gazette ltd. pp. 111–119. 
  8. ^ Council of Northern Caving Clubs. "Caving Access: Three Peaks Area". Retrieved 2015-05-10.