Cairn on Fountains Fell
|Elevation||668 m (2,192 ft)|
|Prominence||243 m (797 ft)|
|Topo map||OS Landranger 98 or OL 2|
Fountains Fell is a mountain in the Yorkshire Dales, England. The main summit (SD864716) has a height of 668 metres (2,192 ft) and a relative height or topographic prominence of 243 metres (797 ft) and thus qualifies as a Marilyn. Its subsidiary, Fountains Fell South Top (SD868708) reaches 662 metres (2,172 ft) and qualifies as a Nuttall. A third summit, further south at SD868697, reaches 610 metres (2,001 ft) and is the most southerly 2,000 ft summit in the Pennines.
The name Fountains derives from ownership of the land in the 13th century by the Cistercian monks of Fountains Abbey (25 miles (40 km) to the east, near Ripon), who used it for sheep grazing. Coal was mined on the summit from 1790 to 1860, and was used for lead smelting in the area. There are various pits and shafts on and near the summit, and the remains of a coke oven building.
The Pennine Way crosses Fountains Fell about a third of a mile north of the summit. For the northbound walker this is 85 miles (137 km) from the start of the way at Edale, and is the first point where the way climbs higher than Kinder Scout's 636 metres (2,087 ft) which was reached soon after the start. It is 8 miles (13 km) along the Pennine Way from Malham village to the summit of Fountains Fell, the route climbing up beside the dramatic cliffs of Malham Cove and passing Malham Tarn before climbing up the east side of the fell. The route continues down the western slopes of the fell and ascends the southern ridge of Pen-y-ghent, reached after 3.5 miles (6 km): this summit of 694 metres (2,277 ft) then supplants Fountains Fell as the highest point yet reached on the Pennine Way.
- Fell, from the Old Norse fjall, 'mountain', is used to refer to mountains, or certain types of mountainous landscape, in parts of England and Scandinavia.
- Dawson, Alan (1997). "Section 35B: Central Pennines". TACit Tables: The Hewitts and Marilyns of England. TACit Press. ISBN 0-9522680-7-8. Retrieved 25 May 2008.
- Nuttall, John; Nuttall, Anne. "Mountains of England". Retrieved 25 May 2008.
- Wright, Nick (1974). English Mountain Summits. London: Robert Hale. p. 68. ISBN 0-7091-4560-8.
- National Trust. "Malham Tarn and Moor". Retrieved 25 May 2008.
- Nuttall, John; Nuttall, Anne (1990). The Mountains of England and Wales. Cicerone Press. p. 276. ISBN 1-85284-037-4. Retrieved 25 May 2008.
- Wainwright, Alfred (1968). Pennine Way Companion. Westmorland Gazette ltd. pp. 111–119.
- Council of Northern Caving Clubs. "Caving Access: Three Peaks Area". Retrieved 10 May 2015.
Media related to Fountains Fell, North Yorkshire at Wikimedia Commons