Françoise de Lorraine, Duchess of Vendôme
|Françoise of Lorraine|
|Duchess of Vendôme|
Engraving of Françoise while a widow
|Died||8 September 1669|
Capucins, Paris, France
|Spouse||César, Duke of Vendôme|
|Louis, Duke of Vendôme|
François, Duke of Beaufort
Élisabeth, Duchess of Nemours
|Father||Philippe Emmanuel, Duke of Mercœur|
|Mother||Marie de Luxembourg|
Françoise of Lorraine (November 1592 – 8 September 1669) was a princess of Lorraine and daughter-in-law of Henry IV of France. Sometimes known as Françoise de Mercœur, she belonged to the Mercœur cadet branch of the sovereign Dukes of Lorraine and was a niece of Louise of Lorraine, wife of the previous King Henry III. Françoise was the heiress of her father and, as such, was the Duchess of Mercœur and Penthièvre suo jure.
Françoise was the younger of two children. She was born in November 1592 with the exact date unknown; her only sibling, Philippe Louis, died in 1590 aged one making her the heiress to a large private fortune. During the reign of Henry III, her father had put himself at the head of the Catholic League in Brittany, and had himself proclaimed protector of the Roman Catholic Church in the province in 1588. Invoking the hereditary rights of his wife, who was a descendant of the Dukes of Brittany, he endeavoured to make himself independent in that province, and organised a government at Nantes, calling his son "prince and duke of Brittany".
With the aid of the Spaniards he defeated Henri de Bourbon, Duke of Montpensier, whom Henry IV of France had sent against him, at Craon in 1592. The king marched against Meroeur in person. As part of their peace they drew up a marriage contract in 1596 whereby his daughter, would marry Henry's legitimised son.
The French and Spanish then signed the Peace of Vervins on 2 May 1598 when Françoise was 6; part of the treaty again stipulated that the young Françoise would be engaged to the illegitimate child of Henry IV, César de Bourbon, Duke of Vendôme. Vendôme was the eldest child of the King and his mistress Gabrielle d'Estrées.
The wedding took place at the palace of Fontainebleau on 16 July 1609. The bride was 16, the groom 15. The couple had three children and were the paternal grandparents of le Grand Vendôme. Due to the marriage contract, César acquired the right to manage her lands. Her husband died disgraced in 1665, having been involved in the Fronde and having been accused of trying to poison Cardinal Richelieu. In the same year she went to Savoy with her granddaughter Marie Jeanne of Savoy, who wed Charles Emmanuel II, Duke of Savoy on 20 May 1665. The duchies of Mercœur and Penthièvre were inherited by her eldest son. Françoise died in Paris in 1669 aged 77 and was buried there. Other fiefs that Françoise owned were the princedom of Martigues, the duchy of Étampes and the seigneurie of Ancenis.
- Louis de Bourbon, Duke of Vendôme (1612–1669) married Laura Mancini and had issue.
- Élisabeth de Bourbon, Mademoiselle de Vendôme (1614–1664) married Charles Amadeus of Savoy, Duke of Nemours and had issue.
- François de Bourbon, Duke of Beaufort (1616–1669) died unmarried.
|Ancestors of Françoise de Lorraine, Duchess of Vendôme|
Titles and styles
- 1592 – 16 July 1609 "Mademoiselle de Mercœur".
- 16 July 1609 – 22 October 1665 Her Most Serene Highness the Duchess of Vendôme.
- 22 October 1665 – 8 September 1669 Her Most Serene Highness the Dowager Duchess of Vendôme.
- Martha Walker Freer (1863). History of the Reign of Henry IV. King of France and Navarre: From Numerous Unpublished Sources. Hurst and Blackett. p. 128.
Media related to Françoise of Lorraine at Wikimedia Commons