Francis Alexander Caron Scrimger

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Francis Alexander Caron Scrimger
FAC Scrimger VC.JPG
Francis Alexander Caron Scrimger VC MD
Born (1880-02-10)February 10, 1880
Montreal, Quebec
Died February 13, 1937(1937-02-13) (aged 57)
Montreal
Buried at Mount Royal Cemetery, Montreal
Allegiance  Canada
Service/branch Canadian Expeditionary Force
Years of service 1912 - 1919
Rank Lieutenant Colonel
Unit Canadian Army Medical Corps (attached 14th Battalion, CEF)
Battles/wars World War I - Second Battle of Ypres
Awards Victoria Cross

Francis Alexander Caron Scrimger, VC [1] (February 10, 1880 – February 13, 1937), was a Canadian recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.[2]

Early life[edit]

Scrimger was born in Montreal, the son of the Rev. John Scrimger, Principal of The Presbyterian College, Montreal. He was educated at the Montreal High School and McGill University, obtaining a BA in 1901 and an MD in 1905. He was commissioned into the Canadian Army Medical Corps in 1912.

Victoria Cross[edit]

During the Second Battle of Ypres on 25 April 1915 at Saint-Julien, Belgium, Captain Scrimger was in charge of an advanced dressing station in a farmhouse near Wieltje on the St. Julien-Ypres Road. The advancing enemy were bombarding the area with an intense shelling. The German infantry were within sight. Scrimger directed the removal of the wounded under the heavy fire. Captain Scrimger and a badly wounded Captain Macdonald were the last men left at the station. Scrimger carried the wounded officer out of the farmhouse to the road. The bombardment of shell forced Scrimger to stop and place Macdonald on the road. Scrimger then protected him with his own body. During a lull in the gunfire Scrimger again carried Macdonald toward help. When he was unable to carry him any further, he remained with the wounded man until help could be obtained.[3]

Legacy[edit]

In 1918, Mount Scrimger, a 9039-foot peak in the Canadian Rockies, was named after him. His medals are held at the Canadian War Museum in Ottawa after being donated by his descendants in 2005.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ There seems to be some uncertainty about the spelling of Dr. Scrimger’s third name. A paper published in the Canadian Medical Association Journal in 1916 reports “Caron”, whereas a 1938 obituary (Howell, 1938) and the Canadian War Museum report “Carron”.
  2. ^ Howell, 1938, p. 280.
  3. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 29202. p. 6115. 22 June 1915. Retrieved 8 April 2015.
  4. ^ http://www.warmuseum.ca/media/news/francis-scrimgers-victoria-cross-donated-to-the-canadian-war-museum/
Bibliography
  • — (1916). Captain F.A.C. Scrimger, V.C., M.D. Can. Med. Assoc. J., 6:334-336.[1]
  • Howell, W.B. (1938). Colonel F.A.C. Scrimger, V.C. Can. Med. Assoc. J. 38: 279–281.[2]
  • Kingsmill, Suzanne. Francis Scrimger: beyond the call of duty / Suzanne Kingsmill. Toronto : Dundurn Press, 1991. 112 p. : ill. (Canadian medical lives ; no. 5.) ISBN 1-55002-081-1

External links[edit]