Francis Gore

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For other people named Francis Gore, see Francis Gore (disambiguation).
George Theodore Berthon's Francis Gore

Francis Gore, (Blackheath, London 1769 – 3 November 1852) was an English officer and British colonial administrator.

Gore was commissioned into the 44th Foot in 1787, but transferred to the 54th Foot in 1794 and the 17th Light Dragoons in 1795. He retired with the rank of major and became Governor of Bermuda from 1805 to 1806, and then Lieutenant-Governor of Upper Canada from 1806 to 1811. Gore's administration built roads, reorganised the militia and founded schools.

He was absent on leave during the War of 1812 as military authorities ran the province. His stand-in during this time was Isaac Brock, who "sought an active role in the impending war as keenly as Gore sought to escape it".[1] Gore resumed his role as lieutenant-governor from 1815 to 1817. During his second term, Gore prorogued the Legislative Assembly after it challenged his ban on issuing land grants to American refugees and made other criticisms of his administration. Robert MacIntosh, in his book Earliest Toronto, describes Gore as "a man who was clearly the most incompetent and disliked Lieutenant Governor in the history of Upper Canada".[1]

Gore Vale, a north-south street on the eastern boundary of Trinity Bellwoods Park on the west side of downtown Toronto, is named after him.

Gore left Canada after his posting in 1817 and died in Brighton, England on November 3, 1852.

Most historians believe that the township municipality of Gore, Quebec was named after him.[2]


  1. ^ a b MacIntosh, Robert. Earliest Toronto. Renfrew, Ontario, Canada: General Store Publishing House. p. 39. 
  2. ^ Reference number 25930 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (French)

External links[edit]

Government offices
Preceded by
Henry Tucker
Governor of Bermuda
Succeeded by
Henry Tucker
Preceded by
Alexander Grant
Lieutenant Governor of Upper Canada
Succeeded by
Sir Isaac Brock
Preceded by
Gordon Drummond
Lieutenant Governor of Upper Canada
Succeeded by
Samuel Smith