Fraser and Neave
|Traded as||SGX: F99|
|Founded||1883(as Singapore and Straits Aerated Water Company)|
David Chalmers Neave
|Charoen Sirivadhanabhakdi, Chairman|
|Products||Food and Beverage, Publishing|
|Revenue||$5.697 billion USD (March 2011)|
|$584 million USD (March 2011)|
|Total assets||$14 billion|
Number of employees
|Subsidiaries||Fraser & Neave Holdings Bhd, |
Times Publishing Group
Fraser and Neave, Limited (F&N) is a Singaporean food and beverage, publishing and former brewing and property industries conglomerate. It is owned by Thai Chinese billionaire business magnate Charoen Sirivadhanabhakdi.
Listed in Singapore, the group's subsidiaries and associated companies include Frasers Property, Asia Pacific Breweries and Times Publishing. As of 2011, F&N had total assets of over S$14 billion and employed over 7,890 people in 11 countries.
In January 2014, through a distribution in specie and re-listing of Frasers Centrepoint Limited by way of introduction on the Singapore stock exchange, the Group de-merged its Properties business.
Founding and early history (1883–1930)
The company (Singapore and Straits Aerated Water Company) was formed in 1883 by John Fraser and David Chalmers Neave, who diversified from their printing business (Singapore and Straits Printing Office) to pioneer the aerated water business in Southeast Asia in 1883.
In 1898, a new public company was formed and the two businesses were sold to the new company, named Fraser & Neave (F&N), for $290,000 in cash and shares.
Diversification, restructuring, and expansion (1931–1990)
In 1931, Fraser & Neave formed a joint venture with Holland's Heineken to venture into the brewing business. The brewery, Malayan Breweries Limited produced Tiger Beer, and later acquired Archipelago Brewery, which produced Anchor Beer.
In 1936, F&N acquired the Singapore, Malaya and Brunei franchise rights for Coca-Cola drinks. Alongside its own range of F&N branded drinks, the company went on to acquire the rights to other PepsiCo, Coca-Cola, and Cadbury Schweppes brands – such as – 7-Up, Fanta, and Sunkist.
In 1990, Malayan Breweries changed its name to Asia Pacific Breweries.
Modern history (1990–2012)
In 1999, F&N purchased a 20% stake in Times Publishing before taking majority control of the company in 2000, with the entire acquisition costing around S$570 million. This put F&N into the printing, publishing, retail bookstore, sales and distribution, education, internet and conference organisation businesses. In 2001, F&N took both Times and Centrepoint Properties private.
In 2006, the Singapore government investment company Temasek Holdings took a 14.9%, S$900 million stake in F&N, becoming F&N's second-largest investor. In 2008, F&N reorganised its management structure and appointed chief executives for three of its core businesses, food & beverage, property and printing and publishing.
On 27 June 2007, F&N Singapore launched a new logo for its food and beverage business in order to reach the Asia-Pacific market.
On 1 September 2011, the three-quarter-century partnership between F&N and Coca-Cola in Malaysia, Singapore and Brunei ended. F&N no longer had the franchise rights to manufacture and market Coca-Cola beverages.
In September 2012, ThaiBev and its partner TCC Assets, both controlled by Thai Chinese billionaire Charoen Sirivadhanabhakdi made a move to thwart efforts by Heineken to acquire control of Asia Pacific Breweries, with a S$8.8 billion (US$7.1 billion) cash offer for F&N. Other companies, such as, Coca-Cola and Kirin Holdings, has also shown interest for the soft-drink and food businesses of F&N, in order to expand their operations in Asia.
On 28 September 2012, F&N shareholders approved the deal to sell Asia Pacific Breweries to Heineken during the extraordinary general meeting held.
In 2013, Kirin Holdings sold their 15% stake in F&N to TCC (ThaiBev).
Frasers Centrepoint Limited and Frasers Property (2013–present)
Charoen Sirivadhanabhakdi expanded his ThaiBev drinks and property empire to include about two-thirds of this Singaporean conglomerate. This was possible after Japan's Kirin Brewery Company sold its 15% stake for US$1.6 billion to Sirivadhanabhakdi.
In January 2014, through a distribution in specie and re-listing of Frasers Centrepoint Limited by way of introduction on the Singapore stock exchange, the group de-merged its properties business.
- Carnation (in Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei and Thailand, under license from Nestlé)
- Daisy (a sweetened condensed creamer brand for Philippine distribution)
- EST Cola
- Fruit Tree
- Ice Mountain
- "F&N Annual Report" (PDF). Fraser and Neave. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 October 2011. Retrieved 23 October 2011.
- "About Us: Fraser & Neave". Fraser & Neave. Archived from the original on 9 August 2012. Retrieved 17 July 2012.
- "About Us: Fraser & Neave". Fraser & Neave. Retrieved 24 August 2015.
- "Fraser and Neave, Ltd". Singapore Free Press. 27 January 1898. p. 3.
- Frankham, Steve (17 June 2008). Malaysia and Singapore. Footprint Travel Guides. p. 539. ISBN 978-1-906098-11-7. Retrieved 25 April 2012.
- Lee, HS (27 April 2000). "What's in Times Publishing that attracts F&N?". Business Times.
- Yap, E (9 December 2006). "F&N sells 14.9% stake to Temasek for $900m". The Straits Times.
- Goh, E (2 July 2008). "More questions than answers in F&N's management revamp". The Straits Times.
- Yap, E (27 July 2010). "Temasek exits F&N with $436m profit fizz". The Straits Times.
- "Thai Beverage increases stake in F&N". Channel NewsAsia. Retrieved 31 July 2012.
- "Heineken reaches US$4.1b deal for Asia Pacific Breweries". Channel News Asia. Retrieved 4 August 2012.
- "Thai group, Heineken in Tiger beer battle". CNN. 13 September 2012. Retrieved 14 September 2012.
- "ThaiBev makes offer for F&N". ChannelNewsAsia. 13 September 2012. Retrieved 14 September 2012.
- "Thai Billionaire Bids for F&N in Hurdle for Heineken in Asia". Bloomberg. 13 September 2012. Retrieved 14 September 2012.
- "Heineken takeover of Tiger Beer maker approved". Channel News Asia. Retrieved 28 September 2012.
- "Sale of Shares in Fraser and Neave, Limited and Recognition of Extraordinary Profit". Kirin Holdings Singapore. Kirin Holdings Singapore. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
- Head, Jonathan (3 February 2013). "Thai whiskey tycoon Charoen takes over Fraser and Neave". Asia business. BBC News. Archived from the original on 2013-02-04. Retrieved 3 February 2013.
BBC News, Bangkok. What are the secrets of business success in Thailand?
- "Thai tycoons go for it in multi-billion deals". Investvine.com. 2013-02-04. Retrieved 2013-03-15.
- Nikkei Asian Review (1 February 2018). "Frasers Centrepoint Renamed Frasers Property". Asia business. Nikkei NewsRise Asia Pte Ltd. Retrieved 1 February 2018.
- Tommy Koh, ed. (2006). Singapore: The Encyclopedia. Singapore: Editions Didier Millet. p. 205. ISBN 978-981-4155-63-2.