February 2, 1960 |
|Occupation||Poet, novelist, playwright, Professor of English at Virginia Tech|
|Alma mater||University of Kent (1985)|
|Genre||Fiction, poetry, stage plays|
The Longest Memory
Fred D'Aguiar was born in London in 1960 to Guyanese parents, Malcolm Frederick D'Aguiar and Kathleen Agatha Messiah. In 1962 he was taken to Guyana where he lived with his grandmother until 1972 when he returned, at the age of twelve, to England. D'Aguiar trained as a psychiatric nurse before reading African and Caribbean Studies at the University of Kent, Canterbury, graduating in 1985. On graduating he applied for a PhD on the Guyanese author Wilson Harris at the University of Warwick, but - after winning two writers-in-residency positions, at Birmingham University and the University of Cambridge (where he was the Judith E. Wilson Fellow from 1989 to 1990) - his PhD studies "recededed from [his] mind" and he began to focus all of his energies on creative writing.
In 1994, D'Aguiar moved to the United States to take up a Visiting Writer position at Amherst College, Amherst, Massachusetts (1992–94). Since then, he has taught at Bates College, Lewiston, Maine (Assistant Professor, 1994–95) and the University of Miami where he held the position of Professor of English and Creative Writing. In 2003 he took up the position of Professor of English and Co-Director of the Master of Fine Arts in Creative Writing at Virginia Tech.
Poetry, novels and plays
D'Aguiar's first collection of poetry, Mama Dot (1985), was published to much acclaim. It centres on an "archetypal" grandmother figure, Mama Dot, and was notable for its fusion of standard English and Nation language. Along with his 1989 collection Airy Hall (named after the village in Guyana where D'Aguiar spent his childhood), Mama Dot won the Guyana Poetry Prize. Where D'Aguiar's first two poetry collections were set in Guyana, his third - British Subjects (1989) - explores the experiences of peoples of the West Indian diaspora in London. London was also the focus of another long poem, Sweet Thames, which was broadcast as part of the BBC "Worlds on Film" series on 3 July 1992 and won the Commission for Racial Equality Race in the Media Award.
After turning to writing novels rather than poetry for a period of time, D'Aguiar returned to the poetic mode in 1998, publishing Bill of Rights (1998): a long narrative poem about the Jonestown massacre in Guyana in 1979, which is told in Guyanese versions of English, fusing patois, Creole and nation language with the standard vernacular. It was shortlisted for the 1998 T. S. Eliot Prize. Bill of Rights was followed by another narrative poem, Bloodlines (2000), which tells the story of a black slave and her white lover. His 2009 collection of poetry, Continental Shelf, centres on a response to the Virginia Tech Massacre in which 32 people were killed by a student in 2007. It was a finalist for the 2009 T. S. Eliot Prize.
D'Aguiar's first novel, The Longest Memory (1994), tells the story of Whitechapel, a slave on an eighteenth-century Virginia plantation. The book won both the David Higham Prize for Fiction and the Whitbread First Novel Award. It was adapted for television and televised by Channel 4 in the UK. Returning to themes he had earlier developed in British Subjects, D'Aguiar's 1996 novel, Dear Future, explores the history of the West Indian diaspora through a fictional account of the lives of one extended family. D'Aguiar's third novel, Feeding the Ghosts (1997), was inspired by a visit D'Aguiar made to the Merseyside Maritime Museum in Liverpool and is based on the true story of the Zong massacre in which 132 slaves were thrown from a slave ship into the Atlantic for insurance purposes. According to historical accounts, one slave survived and climbed back onto the ship; and in D'Aguiar's narrative this slave - about whom there is next to no historical information - is developed as the fictional character Mintah. His fourth novel, Bethany Bettany (2003), centres on a five-year-old Guyanese girl, Bethany, whose suffering has been read by some as symbolising that of a nation (Guyana) seeking to make itself whole again.
D'Aguiar's plays include High Life, which was first produced at the Albany Empire in London in 1987, and A Jamaican Airman Foresees His Death, performed at the Royal Court Theatre, London, in 1991. His radio play Mr Reasonable – about a freed black slave, a skilled silk weaver, who is engaged by Shakespeare to make theatreical costumes – was broadcast on BBC Radio 4 on 10 April 2015.
- 1985. Mama Dot. London: Chatto & Windus.
- 1988. The New British Poetry 1968–88. Edited with Gillian Allnutt, Ken Edwards and Eric Mottram.
- 1989. Airy Hall. London: Chatto & Windus.
- 1993. British Subjects. London: Bloodaxe.
- 1994. The Longest Memory. London: Chatto & Windus.
- 1995. A Jamaican Airman Foresees His Death (play). London: Methuen.
- 1996. Dear Future. London: Chatto & Windus.
- 1997. Feeding the Ghosts. London: Chatto & Windus.
- 1998. Bill of Rights. London: Chatto & Windus.
- 2000. Bloodlines. London: Chatto & Windus.
- 2001. An English Sampler: New and Selected Poems.
- 2004. Bethany Bettany, 2003. London: Chatto & Windus.
- 2009. Continental Shelf. Oxford: Carcanet.
Prizes and awards
- 1983 Minority Rights Group Award
- 1984 University of Kent T. S. Eliot Prize (for University of Kent students)
- 1985 GLC Literature Award
- 1985 Malcolm X Prize for Poetry (for Mama Dot)
- 1989 Guyana Poetry Prize (for Mama Dot and Airy Hall)
- 1993 Commission for Racial Equality Race in the Media Award (for Sweet Thames)
- 1994 David Higham Prize for Fiction (for The Longest Memory)
- 1994 Whitbread First Novel Award (for The Longest Memory)
- 1996 Guyana Prize for Literature (for Dear Future)
- 1997 Shortlisted for the James Tait Black Memorial Prize (for fiction) (for Feeding the Ghosts)
- 2009 T.S. Eliot Prize (Shortlist)
- Stade, George; Karen Karbiener (2003). Encyclopaedia of British Writers, 1800 to the Present (Vol. II). New York: Facts on File. pp. 127–8.
- Hyppolite, Joanne (2004). "Interview with Fred D'Aguiar". Anthurium 2 (1). Retrieved 6 June 2012.
- Birbalsingh, Frank (1993). "An Interview with Fred D'Aguiar". ARIEL 24 (1): 133–145.
- "Fred D'Aguiar". British Council Writers Profiles. British Council. Retrieved 6 June 2012.
- O'Brien, Sean (1996). "A Necessary Gospel". London Review of Books 11 (6): 24–5. Retrieved 9 June 2012.
- Salkey, Andrew (1994). "British Subjects by Fred D'Aguiar". World Literature Today 68 (4): 864–5. doi:10.2307/40150782.
- Barfield, Stephen (March 2007). "'Post-Face': Reflections on the Literary Thames". The Literary London Journal 5 (1). ISSN 1744-0807. Retrieved 8 June 2012.
- Maes-Jelinek, Hena (2006). "Chapter 22: "Tricksters of Heaven" Visions of Holocaust in Jonestown and Fred D'Aguiar's Bill of Rights". The Labyrinth of Universality: Wilson Harris's Visionary Art of Fiction. Amsterdam: Rodopi. pp. 419–437 . Retrieved 12 June 2012.
- Bainbridge, Charles (19 September 2009). "Continental Shelf by Fred D'Aguiar". The Guardian (Review Section). p. 19. Retrieved 10 June 2012.
- Flood, Alison (22 October 2009). "T. S. Eliot Prize Shortlists Poets 'Who Have Dreamed and Who Have Dared'". The Guardian. Retrieved 2 June 2012.
- Edemariam, Aida (18 January 2003). "A Child Out of Time". The Guardian. Retrieved 7 June 2012.
- Frias, Maria (2002). "The Erotics of Slavery (A Review of Bloodlines)". Callaloo 25 (2): 679–685, p. 684 (n.4). doi:10.1353/cal.2002.0069.
- Gurnah, Abdulrazak (15 July 1994). "Resisting Ignorance". Times Literary Supplement. p. 22.
- King, Bruce (1997). "Dear Future by Fred D'Aguiar". World Literature Today 71 (1): 206. doi:10.2307/40152753.
- Hathaway, Heather (1998). "Dear Future by Fred D'Aguiar". African American Review 32 (3): 506–8. doi:10.2307/3042256.
- Frias, Maria (2002). "Building Bridges Back to the Past: An Interview with Fred D'Aguiar". Callaloo 25 (2): 418–425 . doi:10.1353/cal.2002.0068.
- Jays, David (5 January 2003). "You can take the boy out of Guyana...". The Observer. Retrieved 9 June 2012.
- "Mr Reasonable by Fred D'Aguiar", BBC Radio 4.
- Fred D'Aguiar, British Council Literature
- Fred D'Aguiar at contemporarywriters.com
- Fred D'Aguiar at The Poetry Archive
- The Poetry Kit Interviews Fred D'Aguiar
- "The Peacock" (poem)
- Fred D'Aguiar at This I Believe: "Dance Is Life", as heard on The Bob Edwards Show, 30 March 2012.