Frederick Zugibe

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Frederick Thomas Zugibe (/ˈzʌɡɪbi/; May 28, 1928 – September 6, 2013[1]) was the chief medical examiner of Rockland County, New York from 1969 to 2002.[2] Zugibe was one of the United States' most prominent forensics experts, known for his research and books on forensic medicine as well as his crucifixion and Shroud of Turin studies.


Zugibe was born in Garnerville, New York on May 28, 1928. He graduated from Haverstraw High School in 1946 and obtained a Bachelor of Science from St. Francis College. Zugibe held a Master of Science (Anatomy/Electron Microscopy) from Columbia University and a PhD in Anatomy and Histochemistry) from the University of Chicago.[3]

In 1968, Zugibe received and a Doctor of Medicine degree (M.D.) from West Virginia University. He was a diplomate of the American Board of Pathology in anatomic pathology and forensic pathology,[3] and a diplomate of the American Board of Family Practice. Zugibe was an adjunct Associate Professor of Pathology at Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons and a Fellow of the College of American Pathologists, a Fellow of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences, Forensic Pathology Section, and a member of the National Association of Medical Examiners.

He was formerly Director of Cardiovascular Research with the Veteran's Hospital in Pittsburgh. Well known in the field of cardiovascular research,[1] Zugibe was a Fellow of the American College of Cardiology, Fellow of the Council on Arteriosclerosis of the American Heart Association, Fellow of the New York Cardiological Society, and Member of the International Atherosclerosis Society.

Zugibe spent most of his career as the chief medical examiner of Rockland County, New York, appointed on August 15, 1969, to his retirement on December 31, 2002, and continuing as Acting Medical Examiner to March 31, 2003, until his successor was confirmed. On his retirement he estimated his office had done 10,000 autopsies during his tenure.[3]

Zugibe is well known for his research into crucifixion and the Shroud of Turin, which modifies the theories of Pierre Barbet regarding crucifixion, and the Catholic Church regarding the Shroud of Turin. He made numerous television appearances on these subjects, including How Jesus Died - the Final 18 Hours (Learning Channel and History Channel), The Shroud of Turin (CBC), Jesus, the Man (Discovery Channel), Son of God (BBC), Stigmata and the Shroud (In Search Of), The Stigmata (Learning Channel), The Shroud of Turin (60 Minutes, Australia), DaVinci and the Shroud (National Geographic), The Mystery of Jesus (CNN) and The Naked Archaeologist.[2][4]

Dr. Zugibe was one of the people investigating the Eucharistic miracle of Buenos Aires.[5][6]

In 2003 Rockland County dedicated the Rockland County Medical Examiner's Office as the Dr. Frederick T. Zugibe Forensic Unit. A new disease, Glycoprotein Storage Disease, first described in the American Journal of Medicine by Zugibe and co-author Dr. Enid Gilbert, has been named the Zugibe-Gilbert Syndrome.[2]

Frederick Zugibe died on Friday, September 6, 2013 at the age of 85.[1]



  • Dissecting Death: Secrets of a Medical Examiner - 2005, with David L. Carroll
  • The Crucifixion of Jesus: A Forensic Inquiry - (2005) This is a revised edition of the next title.
  • The Cross and the Shroud: A Medical Inquiry into the Crucifixion - (1998)
  • 14 Days to a Healthy Heart - (1986)
  • Diagnostic Histochemistry - (1970)


  • "Mucopolysaccharides of the Arterial Wall", Journal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry, Vol. 11, issue: 1, page(s): 35-39, January 1, 1963 doi:10.1177/11.1.35
  • "Glycoprotein storage disease", American Journal of Medicine (with Enid F. Gilbertand Dominic Gaziano), July 1969Volume 47, Issue1, Pages 135–140 doi:10.1016/0002-9343(69)90247-2
  • "Identification of the Murder Weapon by Intricate Patterned Injury Measurements" -with Js. T. Costello. Journal of Forensic Sciences 31(2):773-7 · May 1986 doi:10.1520/JFS12314J


  1. ^ a b c Traum, Robin (September 8, 2013). "Frederick Zugibe, Rockland's First Medical Examiner, Died Friday". Patch Media. Retrieved October 1, 2013.
  2. ^ a b c Crucifixion Shroud Biography of Zugibe
  3. ^ a b c Lieberman, Steve (September 7, 2013). "Frederick Zugibe, renowned Rockland medical examiner, dies at 85". The Journal News. Retrieved October 1, 2013.
  4. ^ Frederick Zugibe on IMDb
  5. ^ "Eucharistic Miracle? 'Bleeding Host' Phenomenon Reported in Dioceses Worldwide". National Catholic Register.
  6. ^ "Articles: What the Secular Media Doesn't Know about Pope Francis". American Thinker.

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