Free Homeland Party (Brazil)
|President||Sérgio Rubens de Araújo Torres|
|Founded||April 21, 2009|
|Headquarters||SCS Q1 BL L 17, Edificio Márcia, 11° andar, sala 1114, Brasília|
|International affiliation||International Communist Seminar|
|Colours||Green, yellow and red|
|TSE Identification Number||54|
The Free Homeland Party (Portuguese: Partido Pátria Livre – PPL) is a left-wing political party in Brazil. Founded on April 21, 2009 by members of the Revolutionary Movement 8th October (MR-8), it advocates the scientific socialism. Its symbols are a green and yellow flag with a five-pointed red star and the inscription "Pátria Livre". PPL's identification number, as determined by the Supreme Electoral Court, is 54.
PPL was founded mainly by members of the Revolutionary Movement 8th October (MR-8), who were joined by union leaders (linked to the Central Geral dos Trabalhadores do Brasil national trade union center), student movement activists and feminists. MR-8 was founded on 1964 from a split in the Brazilian Communist Party (PCB), under the name Dissidence of Rio de Janeiro (DI-RJ). A Marxist–Leninist guerrilla group, it promoted armed actions against the military dictatorship and advocated the establishment of a Communist regime in the country. Later, DI-RJ became MR-8 in order to pay a tribute to Che Guevara, which was captured by the CIA in Bolivia on October 8, 1967. Under the new name, the group performed its most notable action: the kidnapping of U.S. Ambassador Charles Burke Elbrick, turned into the 1997 film Four Days in September by Bruno Barreto.
Since the beginning of the democratization process, MR-8 was active inside the Brazilian Democratic Movement Party (PMDB), being an arm of quercismo in the social movements. In 2008, after considering a merger with the Workers' Party (PT), members of MR-8 decided to create a new political party. The founding act of PPL happened on April 21, 2009 and was attended by hundreds of members of PMDB, as well as several representatives of left-leaning parties, such as PT, PCdoB, PSB, PDT, PCB and the Communist Party of Bolivia. On October 3, 2011, judges of the Supreme Electoral Court unanimously granted the request for PPL's creation, making it the 29th legal political party in Brazil.
The political project of PPL is to deepen the course followed by the Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva administration. To this end, it lists five basic objectives: the strengthening of the internal market, in order to generate more jobs; the reduction of the basic interest rate; the technological development of the country; the accomplishment of full economy; and the ensuring of good public health and education for all. According to press reports, the party intends to take part in the ruling coalition led by President Dilma Rousseff.
- "Justiça Eleitoral aceita a criação do 29º partido político". Folha Online. Retrieved October 5, 2011.
- Thomaz, Paula. "Em 2012, mais uma opção de partido". CartaCapital. October 5, 2011.
- "Partido Pátria Livre apresenta pedido de registro no TSE". Agência TSE. Retrieved August 28, 2011.
- "Herdeiros do MR-8 pedem registro de novo partido ao TSE". O Globo. Retrieved 28 August 2011.
- Barbosa da Silva, Sandra Regina. "Ousar lutar, ousar vencer:histórias da luta armada em Salvador (1969-1971)" (PDF). Universidade Federal da Bahia. Retrieved June 20, 2011.
- (Portuguese) Official website