Free Homeland Party (Brazil)

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Free Homeland Party
Partido Pátria Livre
President Sérgio Rubens de Araújo Torres
Founded April 21, 2009 (April 21, 2009)
Headquarters SCS Q1 BL L 17, Edificio Márcia, 11° andar, sala 1114, Brasília
Membership 39,513[1]
Ideology Scientific socialism
Left-wing nationalism
International affiliation International Communist Seminar
Colours Green, yellow and red
TSE Identification Number 54

The Free Homeland Party (Portuguese: Partido Pátria Livre – PPL) is a left-wing political party in Brazil. Founded on April 21, 2009 by members of the Revolutionary Movement 8th October (MR-8),[2] it advocates the scientific socialism.[3] Its symbols are a green and yellow flag with a five-pointed red star and the inscription "Pátria Livre". PPL's identification number, as determined by the Supreme Electoral Court, is 54.[4]


PPL was founded mainly by members of the Revolutionary Movement 8th October (MR-8), who were joined by union leaders (linked to the Central Geral dos Trabalhadores do Brasil national trade union center),[5] student movement activists and feminists.[3] MR-8 was founded on 1964 from a split in the Brazilian Communist Party (PCB),[3] under the name Dissidence of Rio de Janeiro (DI-RJ).[6] A Marxist–Leninist guerrilla group, it promoted armed actions against the military dictatorship and advocated the establishment of a Communist regime in the country.[3] Later, DI-RJ became MR-8 in order to pay a tribute to Che Guevara, which was captured by the CIA in Bolivia on October 8, 1967.[3] Under the new name, the group performed its most notable action: the kidnapping of U.S. Ambassador Charles Burke Elbrick,[2] turned into the 1997 film Four Days in September by Bruno Barreto.

Since the beginning of the democratization process, MR-8 was active inside the Brazilian Democratic Movement Party (PMDB), being an arm of quercismo in the social movements.[3] In 2008, after considering a merger with the Workers' Party (PT), members of MR-8 decided to create a new political party.[3] The founding act of PPL happened on April 21, 2009 and was attended by hundreds of members of PMDB, as well as several representatives of left-leaning parties, such as PT, PCdoB, PSB, PDT, PCB and the Communist Party of Bolivia.[3] On October 3, 2011, judges of the Supreme Electoral Court unanimously granted the request for PPL's creation, making it the 29th legal political party in Brazil.[3]


The political project of PPL is to deepen the course followed by the Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva administration.[3] To this end, it lists five basic objectives: the strengthening of the internal market, in order to generate more jobs; the reduction of the basic interest rate; the technological development of the country; the accomplishment of full economy; and the ensuring of good public health and education for all.[3] According to press reports, the party intends to take part in the ruling coalition led by President Dilma Rousseff.[5]


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Preceded by
51 – PATRI
Numbers of Brazilian Official Political Parties
54 – FHL (PPL)
Succeeded by
55 – SDP (PSD)