Free Homeland Party (Brazil)

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Free Homeland Party
Partido Pátria Livre
President Sérgio Rubens de Araújo Torres
Founded April 21, 2009 (April 21, 2009)
Headquarters SCS Q1 BL L 17, Edificio Márcia, 11° andar, sala 1114, Brasília
Ideology Scientific socialism
Left-wing nationalism
Colours Green, yellow and red
TSE Identification Number 54
Politics of Brazil
Political parties

The Free Homeland Party (Portuguese: Partido Pátria Livre – PPL) is a left-wing political party in Brazil. Founded on April 21, 2009 by members of the Revolutionary Movement 8th October (MR-8),[1] it advocates the scientific socialism.[2] Its symbols are a green and yellow flag with a five-pointed red star and the inscription "Pátria Livre". PPL's identification number, as determined by the Supreme Electoral Court, is 54.[3]


PPL was founded mainly by members of the Revolutionary Movement 8th October (MR-8), who were joined by union leaders (linked to the Central Geral dos Trabalhadores do Brasil national trade union center),[4] student movement activists and feminists.[2] MR-8 was founded on 1964 from a split in the Brazilian Communist Party (PCB),[2] under the name Dissidence of Rio de Janeiro (DI-RJ).[5] A Marxist–Leninist guerrilla group, it promoted armed actions against the military dictatorship and advocated the establishment of a Communist regime in the country.[2] Later, DI-RJ became MR-8 in order to pay a tribute to Che Guevara, which was captured by the CIA in Bolivia on October 8, 1967.[2] Under the new name, the group performed its most notable action: the kidnapping of U.S. Ambassador Charles Burke Elbrick,[1] turned into the 1997 film Four Days in September by Bruno Barreto.

Since the beginning of the democratization process, MR-8 was active inside the Brazilian Democratic Movement Party (PMDB), being an arm of quercismo in the social movements.[2] In 2008, after considering a merger with the Workers' Party (PT), members of MR-8 decided to create a new political party.[2] The founding act of PPL happened on April 21, 2009 and was attended by hundreds of members of PMDB, as well as several representatives of left-leaning parties, such as PT, PCdoB, PSB, PDT, PCB and the Communist Party of Bolivia.[2] On October 3, 2011, judges of the Supreme Electoral Court unanimously granted the request for PPL's creation, making it the 29th legal political party in Brazil.[2]


The political project of PPL is to deepen the achievements of the Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva administration through further investments in Brazil and its people.[2] To this end, it lists five basic objectives: the strengthening of the internal market, in order to generate more jobs; the reduction of the basic interest rate; the technological development of the country; the accomplishment of full economy; and the ensuring of good public health and education for all.[2] According to press reports, the party intends to take part in the ruling coalition led by President Dilma Rousseff.[4]


  1. ^ a b "Justiça Eleitoral aceita a criação do 29º partido político". Folha Online. Retrieved October 5, 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Thomaz, Paula. "Em 2012, mais uma opção de partido". CartaCapital. October 5, 2011.
  3. ^ "Partido Pátria Livre apresenta pedido de registro no TSE". Agência TSE. Retrieved August 28, 2011. 
  4. ^ a b "Herdeiros do MR-8 pedem registro de novo partido ao TSE". O Globo. Retrieved 28 August 2011. 
  5. ^ Barbosa da Silva, Sandra Regina. "Ousar lutar, ousar vencer:histórias da luta armada em Salvador (1969-1971)" (PDF). Universidade Federal da Bahia. Retrieved June 20, 2011. 

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