French National Convention election, 1792

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French National Convention election, 1792
French First Republic
← 1791 2 and 6 September 1792 1795 →

All 749 seats to the National Convention
  First party Second party Third party
  Portrait Lazare Carnot.jpg Robespierre.jpg Jacques Pierre Brissot de Warville.jpg
Leader Lazare Carnot Maximilien Robespierre Jacques Pierre Brissot
Party Marais Montagnard Girondin
Leader's seat Pas-de-Calais Seine Eure-et-Loir
Seats won 389 200 160
Popular vote 1,747,200 907,200 705,600
Percentage 51.9% 26.7% 21.4%

French National Convention, 1792.svg
Composition of the National Convention

President of the Assembly before election

Pierre-Joseph Cambon

Subsequent President of the Convention

Philippe Rühl

The French National Convention election elected the National Convention.

The election was held in September and were the first to be held under universal suffrage. An absolute majority of the deputies elected belonged to the Marais party, a political faction of vague but largely moderate policies. The Montagnards or Jacobins received 200 seats and the republican, though more moderate Girondin faction 160 seats. The election preceded the fall of the Gironde as a political faction, mainly because of the political and social unrest following the war started by the Girondist-dominated government in the spring of 1792.

Turnout was only 10%.


Party Votes  % Seats
  Maraisards 1,747,200 51.9% 389
  Montagnards 907,200 26.7% 200
  Girondins 705,600 21.4% 160
Total ca. 3,360,000[1] 100% 749


  1. ^ Roger Dupuy (2005). La République jacobine. Terreur, guerre et gouvernement révolutionnaire (1792-1794). Le Seuil. pp. 35–40.