French legislative election, 1791

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French legislative election, 1791
Kingdom of France
29 August and 5 September 1791 → 1792

All 745 seats to the Legislative Assembly
  First party Second party Third party
  Emmanuel Joseph Sieyès - crop.jpg Antoine-Pierre-Joseph-Marie Barnave.jpg Jacques Pierre Brissot de Warville.jpg
Leader Emmanuel Joseph Sieyès Antoine Barnave Jacques Pierre Brissot
Party Marais Feuillant Jacobin
Seats won 345 264 136

French Legislative Assembly, 1791.svg

Composition of the Legislative Assembly

Elected President of the Assembly

Claude-Emmanuel de Pastoret

French legislative elections were held in September 1791 to elect the Legislative Assembly and was the first ever French election. However, only citizens paying taxes were allowed to vote. A plurality of the elected candidates were independents, but almost all were affiliated with the three political factions emerging in the new legislative assembly; the Marais, the Feuillants and the Jacobins (Montagnards, since they occupied the most elevated in the assembly). The factions were only vaguely affiliated to an organized program. The Feuillants did, however, support a constitutional monarchy, the Girondists a moderate republican policy and the Cordeliers a radical democratic constitution, supported by the lower classes. These factions preceded the later dominant factions: the Jacobin, the Girondists and the Marais party, consisting mainly of moderates.


Party Votes % Seats
  Marais 345
  Feuillants 264
  Jacobins 136
Total 100% 745