Fut Gar

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Fut Gar Kuen or Buddhist Famliy Fist is a relatively modern Southern Shaolin style of Kung Fu devised primarily from the combination of Hung Gar Kuen 洪家 and Choi Gar 蔡家 Kuen. The style utilizes mostly punches, palm strikes and low kicks, further characterized by evasive footwork, circular blocks and using the opponent's force against him/her.

The words "Fut Gar Kuen" literally translate to "Buddhist Famliy Fist". The word "Gar" in Cantonese means family. This name has been synonymous with the martial arts practiced in the Southern Shaolin Temple in Fujian, and used as an ambiguous term for their skills.

One style that was formally founded using the name of "Fut Gar" has its origins at one of the Shaolin Temple's in Guangdong Province. Early on in its history, the monks at this Shaolin(Sil Lum in Cantonese) temple were fortunate enough to learn martial arts from fighters that had mastered the 5 most popular systems of Southern Kung Fu. These styles were Lau Gar, Lei Gar, Mok Gar, Choy Gar, and Hung Gar. The names of the styles reflect the surname of the particular style's founder.

A Shaolin monk named Leung Tin Jiu 梁天柱 realized the value of incorporating different schools or styles together and took only the best techniques of each style and discarded what he thought was useless or ineffective. Compiled mostly from Choi Gar and Hung Gar, this became Sil Lum Fut Gar 少林佛家 or "Shaolin Buddhist Family".

A branch of Fut Gar developed by Leung Tin Chiu is currently being partially taught in schools worldwide and was headed by Chen Rong En (陈荣恩) 1922-2015, the only direct disciple of Leung Tin Jiu who was involved in spreading the style. The Leung Tin Jiu style of Fut Gar is best known in China for the Flying Dragon Staff Form which is known as the King of Staff Forms within the Kung Fu community. The National Fut Gar Kung Fu Training Centre in Mississauga, Ontario, Canada is the longest running school that taught Fut Gar with the direct guidance of Grandmaster Chen. A newer school also closely monitored by Grandmaster Chen exists in China since 2004. In November 2007 an International Fut Gar Federation was formed to unite instructors of Fut Ga Kung Fu worldwide.