Gabriel Louis Angoulvant

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Gabriel Louis Angoulvant

Gabriel Louis Angoulvant (born 1872 in Longjumeau, France – died 1932 in Paris) was a colonial administrator in the second French colonial empire.

He was appointed governor of French Ivory Coast in 1908. He had little prior experience in Africa, and believed that the development of Ivory Coast could proceed only after the forceful conquest, or so-called pacification, of the colony. He thus embarked on a vigorous campaign, sending military expeditions into the hinterland to quell resistance. As a result of these expeditions, local rulers were compelled to obey existing antislavery laws, supply porters and food to the French forces, and ensure the protection of French trade and personnel. In return, the French agreed to leave local customs intact and specifically promised not to intervene in the selection of rulers. But the French often disregarded their side of the agreement, deporting or interring rulers regarded as instigators of revolt. They also regrouped villages and established a uniform administration throughout most of the colony. Finally, they replaced the coutume with an allowance based on performance.[1]

He was elected to the French parliament, representing the territories of French India in 1920.

He contributed to the organization of the Paris Colonial Exposition of 1931.

Angoulvant published a number of books regarding the French colonial empire, including "La Pacification de la Côte d'Ivoire" in 1916.

Titles[edit]

Government offices
Preceded by
Alfred Albert Martineau
Governor of French Somaliland
(Acting)

13 April 1900–6 December 1900
Succeeded by
Adrien Jules Jean Bonhoure
Preceded by
Paul Jean François Cousturier
Governor of Saint-Pierre and Miquelon
9 June 1905–12 May 1906
Succeeded by
Raphaël Antonetti
(Acting)
Preceded by
Joseph Pascal François
Governor of French India
October 1906–3 December 1907[2]
Succeeded by
Adrien Jules Jean Bonhoure
Preceded by
Albert Anatole Nebout
Governor of the Ivory Coast
(1st Time)

25 April 1908–28 April 1909
Succeeded by
Pierre Brun
(acting for Angoulvant)
Preceded by
Pierre Brun
(acting for Angoulvant)
Governor of the Ivory Coast
(2nd Time)

August 1909–12 May 1911
Succeeded by
Casimir Guyon
(acting for Angoulvant)
Preceded by
Casimir Guyon
(acting for Angoulvant)
Governor of the Ivory Coast
(3rd Time)

9 March 1912–22 May 1913
Succeeded by
Casimir Guyon
(acting for Angoulvant)
Preceded by
Gustave Julien
(acting for Angoulvant)
Governor of the Ivory Coast
(4th Time)

4 September 1914 –16 June 1916
Succeeded by
Maurice-Pierre Lapalud
(acting for Angoulvant)
Preceded by
Maurice-Pierre Lapalud
(acting for Angoulvant)
Governor of the Ivory Coast
(5th Time)

1 December 1916 –27 December 1916
Succeeded by
Maurice-Pierre Lapalud
(acting)
Preceded by
Frédéric Estèbe
(Acting for Martial Henri Merlin)
Governor General of French Equatorial Africa
15 May 1917–16 May 1920
Succeeded by
Maurice Pierre Lapalud
(Acting)
Preceded by
Joost van Vollenhoven
Governor of Sénégal
22 January 1918–30 July 1919
Succeeded by
Charles Désiré Auguste Brunet

Further reading[edit]

  • (French) Marcel Amondji, "Le rêve du gouverneur Angoulvant", in Félix Houphouët et la Côte d'Ivoire : l'envers d'une légende, Karthala, Paris (1884)
  • (French) Ernest Moutoussamy, Les députés de l'Inde française à l'Assemblée nationale sous la IVe République, L'Harmattan, Paris, Budapest, Turin (2003)
  • (French) Marcel Souzy, Les coloniaux français illustrés, B. Arnaud, editor, Paris (1940).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Library of Congress Country Studies, Library of Congress, November 1988, retrieved 11 April 2009 .
  2. ^ Peter Truhart (1 January 2003). Asia & Pacific Oceania. Walter de Gruyter. pp. 685–. ISBN 978-3-11-096746-3.