Gajanan Digambar Madgulkar

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G. D. Mādgulkar
Gadima.gif
Ga Di Mādgulkar
Born (1919-10-01)1 October 1919
Madgule in Atpadi taluka in Sangli district , Mahārāshtra, India
Died 14 December 1977(1977-12-14) (aged 58)
Pen name गदिमा (GaDiMā)
Occupation Poet, lyricist, playwright, script writer, dialog writer, actor, and orator
Nationality India
Genre Marāthi
Literary movement Marāthi
Notable works गीतरामायण (Geet Rāmāyan)
Website
gadima.com

Gajānan Digambar Mādgulkar (1 October 1919 – 14 December 1977) was a Marāthi poet, lyricist, writer and actor from India. He is popularly known in his home state of Maharashtra by just his initials as Ga Di Ma (गदिमा). He was awarded Sangeet Natak Akademi Award in 1951[1] and Padma Shri in 1969.[2] He has written 157 screen play and over 2000 songs in his career.[3] He was called Ādhunik Valmiki (the modern Valmiki) of current era due to his composition of Geet Rāmāyan (lit. Ramayana in Songs)as the most notable work.

Career[edit]

Madgulkar wrote poetry, short stories, novels, autobiographies and scripts, dialogues and lyrics for Marathi as well as Hindi movies. His poems have been adapted to a wide range of musical forms such as Sugam-Sangeet (light music), Bhāwa-Geet (emotional songs), Bhakti-Geet (devotional songs), and Lāwani (a genre of folk songs in Maharashtra). Madgulkar entered the world of movies in 1938 at Kolhāpur. He contributed to 157 Marathi and 23 Hindi movies.[citation needed] He was also an artist. He loved to draw nature drawing.

He had knowledge of 10 languages including Marathi, Hindi, English, Urdu, Bengali, Gujarati, Punjabi, Kannada, Tamil and Telugu.

He was the elder brother of Marathi writer of poetry and novels Vyankatesh Madgulkar. His home is in Dapoli near Ratnagiri. Tourist visit this house as it has been well maintained by his sons.

Works[edit]

Following are some of the list of Collections of poems.

  • Sugandhi Veena
  • Jogiya
  • Char sangitika
  • Geet Ramayan
  • Kavykatha
  • Chaitraban
  • Geetgopal
  • Geetsaubhadra
  • Vaishakhi
  • Pooriya
  • Ajun Gagima
  • Naach re mora

Following are some of the list of collection of short stories-

  • Laplele ogh
  • Bandhavarchya babhali
  • Krushnachi karangali
  • Bolka shankh
  • Veg ani itar katha
  • Thorli pati
  • Tupacha nandadeep
  • Chandani udbatti
  • Bhatache phool
  • Sone ani mati
  • Teen chitrakatha
  • Kalavantanche anand paryatan
  • Teel ani tandul

Following are autobiographies-

  • Vatevarlya savlya
  • Mantarlele diwas

Following are some of the list of novels-

  • De tali ga ghe tali
  • Mini
  • Shashank manjiri
  • Naach re mora
  • Tulsi ramayan
  • Shabdranjan
  • Aakashachi phale
  • Ubhe dhage aadve dhage

Following are some of the list of plays-

  • Aakashachi phale
  • Parachakra

Following are the monthly magazines -

  • Akshar
  • Dharti

Geet Ramayan[edit]

Main article: Geet Ramayan

Geet Rāmāyan (lit. Ramayana in Songs) is considered his most notable work. A lyrical version of the Valmiki Ramayana in Marathi,[4] it consists of 56 songs chronologically describing events from Ramayana. Sudhir Phadke composed the music for Geet Ramayan. Though it is based on sage Valmiki's epic Ramayana, Madgulkar chose a different narrative format and was praised for the lyrics, and was called Ādhunik Valmiki (the modern Valmiki).

Screenwriting[edit]

  • जीवनज्योती Jeewan Jyoti 1953: Screenplay and Dialogs
  • तूफान और दीया Toofān Aur Deeyā 1956: Story
  • दो आंखे बारह हाथ Do Ānkhen Bārah Hāth 1957: Story, Screenplay, and Dialogs
    • This movie, which was directed by V. Shantaram, won recognition at an Berlin International Film Festival.[5]

Popular Songs[edit]

The following is a short list of some of the popular Marathi songs which "गदिमा" wrote:

  • इंद्रायणीकाठी देवाची आळंदी (Indrāyani Kāthi Dewāchi Ālandi)
  • उद्धवा, अजब तुझे सरकार (Uddhawā, Ajab Tujhze Sarkār)
  • तुझ्या उसाला लागल कोल्हा (Tujhyā Usaālā Lāgel Kolhā)
  • या चिमण्यानो, परत फिरा रे (Yā Chimanyāno, Parat Phirā Re)
  • हे काम ने तडीला, हाजी मलंग बाबा (He Kām Ne Tadilā, Hāji Malang Bābā)
  • विठ्ठला, तू वेडा कुंभार (Viththalā, Tu Wedā Kumbhār)

Acting[edit]

Year Movie Language Director Co-Actors
1942 पहिला पाळणा (Pahilā Pālnā) Marathi Vishrām Bedekar Shanta Hublikar, Indu Natu, Baburao Pendharkar, Balabhai, Kusum Deshpande, Dinkar Kamanna, Vishnupant Aundhkar
1947 लोकशाहीर रामजोशी (Lokshāhir Rāmjoshi) (Marathi)/ MatwālāShayar Rāmjoshi (Hindi) Marathi/Hindi Bāburāo Painter (Marathi Version) Jayaram Shiledar, Hansa Wadkar, Shakuntala, Parashuram, Sudha Apte, Samant, Gundopant Walawalkar, Jayaram Desai, Kanase, Sawalaram, Vaidya, Abhyankar
1948 बनवासी (Banawāsi) Hindi Kumār Chandrasekhar
1948 अदालत (Adālat) Hindi Vasant Joglekar
1950 पुढचं पाऊल (Pudhche Pāool) Marathi Rājā Parānjpe P.L. Deshpande, Hansa Wadkar, Kusum Deshpande, Vivek, Mohammed Hussain, D. S. Ambapkar, Bal Chitale, Raja Paranjpe, Shakuntala Jadhav, Suman, Ravindra, Baby Neela
1952 लाखाची गोष्ट (Lākhāchi Goshta) Marathi Rājā Parānjpe Chitra, Rekha, Raja Gosavi, Indira Chitnis, Ravindra, Sharad Talwalkar, Raja Paranjpe, Madan Mohan
1952 पेडगावचे शहाणे (Pedagāwache Shahāne) Marathi Rājā Parānjpe Raja Paranjpe, Chittaranjan Kolhatkar, Dhumal, Master Dwarkanath, Vasant Shinde, Nalini Nagpurkar, Nayana, Prasad Sawkar, Sadashiv Thakar, Ganpatrao Kelkar, Daldaseth
1952 जीत (Jeet Kiskee) Hindi Vasant Joglekar
1953 अंमलदार (Ammaladār) Marathi K. Nārāyan Kāle P. L. Deshpande, K. Narayan Kale, Sheila Naik, Leela Ogale, Vinay Kale (Music Composer: G. D. Madgulkar)
1960 जगाच्या पाठीवर (Jagāchyā Pāthiwar) Marathi Rājā Parānjpe Ramesh Deo, Seema Deo, Dhumal, Raja Paranjpe, Mai Bhide, Vinay Kale, Raja Gosavi, Sharad Talwalkar, Raj Dutt

Awards and recognitions[edit]

Personal life[edit]

Madgulkar was married to Vidya and they had a daughter and a son, Anand Madgulkar, who is a singer. Anand gives performances of Geet Ramayana.[6] The popular marathi writer, Vyankatesh Madgulkar was the younger brother of Gajanan.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sangeet Natak Akademi Puraskar (Akademi Awards)". National Academy of Music, Dance and Drama. Gajanan D. Madgulkar 1951 
  2. ^ "Padma Awards Directory (1954–2013)" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs. 1969: 60: Shri Gajanan Digambar Madgulkar 
  3. ^ Gaadima
  4. ^ "Geet Ramayan gathers dust at AIR". Indian Express. Retrieved 17 December 2013. 
  5. ^ "Berlin Film Festival: Prize Winners". berlinale.de. Retrieved 11 October 2010. 
  6. ^ Anand Madgulkar

External links[edit]