Garret Wesley, 1st Earl of Mornington
|Garret, Lord Mornington|
Dangan Castle, in the County of Meath, c. 1840
19 July 1735|
Dangan Castle, in County Meath
|Died||22 May 1781(aged 45)|
|Title||1st Earl of Mornington|
|Other titles||Viscount Wellesley of Dangan Castle, in the County of Meath|
|Known for||Father of the Duke of Wellington|
|Offices||Member of Parliament for Trim
Grandmaster of the Grand Lodge of Ireland
|Predecessor||Richard Wesley, 1st Baron Mornington|
|Successor||Richard Wellesley, 2nd Earl of Mornington|
|Parents||Richard Wesley, 1st Baron Mornington
Garret Colley Wesley, 1st Earl of Mornington (19 July 1735 – 22 May 1781) was an Anglo-Irish politician and composer, best known today for fathering several distinguished British military commanders and politicians.
Wesley was born at the family estate of Dangan, near Summerhill, a village near Trim in County Meath, Ireland, to Richard Wesley, 1st Baron Mornington, and Elizabeth Sale. He was educated at Trinity College, Dublin, and was elected its first Professor of Music in 1764. From early childhood he showed extraordinary talent on the violin, and soon began composing his own works. As a composer he is remembered chiefly for glees such as "Here in cool grot" (lyrics by William Shenstone) and for a double Anglican chant. It was the future Duke of Wellington who, alone of his children, inherited something of his musical talent.
Wesley represented Trim in the Irish House of Commons from 1757 until 1758, when he succeeded his father as 2nd Baron Mornington. In 1759 he was appointed Custos Rotulorum of Meath and in 1760, in recognition of his musical and philanthropic achievements, he was created Viscount Wellesley, of Dangan Castle in the County of Meath, and Earl of Mornington. He was elected Grandmaster of the Grand Lodge of Ireland in 1776, a post he held until the following year. He was careless with money, and his early death left the family exposed to financial embarrassment, leading ultimately to the decision to sell all their Irish estates.
Four streets in Camden Town, which formed part of the estate of his son-in-law Henry FitzRoy, were named Mornington Crescent, Place, Street and Terrace after him. Of these, the first has since become famous as the name of a London Underground station.
Wesley married The Hon. Anne Hill-Trevor, eldest daughter of the banker Arthur Hill-Trevor, 1st Viscount Dungannon, and wife, Anne Stafford, in 1759. His godmother, the famous diarist Mary Delany, said the marriage was happy, despite his lack of financial sense and her "want of judgment". They had six children:
- Richard, Viscount Wellesley (20 June 1760 – 26 September 1842); later 1st Marquess Wellesley, 2nd Earl of Mornington.
- The Hon. William Wellesley (20 May 1763 – 22 February 1845); later William Wellesley-Pole, 3rd Earl of Mornington, 1st Baron Maryborough.
- The Hon. Arthur Wellesley (c. 1 May 1769 – 14 September 1852); later 1st Duke of Wellington.
- The Revd and Hon. Gerald Valerian Wellesley (7 December 1770 – 24 October 1848), father of George Wellesley.
- The Hon. Henry Wellesley (20 January 1773 – 27 April 1847); later 1st Baron Cowley.
- Lady Anne Wellesley (1775 – 16 December 1844), married (1) The Hon. Henry FitzRoy (younger son of Charles FitzRoy, 1st Baron Southampton), (2) Charles Culling Smith.
Four of Lord Mornington's five sons were created peers in the Peerages of Great Britain and the United Kingdom. The Barony of Wellesley (held by the Marquess Wellesley) and the Barony of Maryborough are now extinct, whilst the Dukedom of Wellington and Barony of Cowley are extant. The Earldom of Mornington is held by the Dukes of Wellington, and the Barons Cowley have since been elevated to be Earls Cowley. Garret Wesley, Lord Mornington, died in 1781. He is also a direct ancestor of Queen Elizabeth II through her late mother, Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother.
- Longford, Elizabeth Wellington- the Years of the Sword Panther Edition 1971 p. 32
- Waite, Arthur Edward (2007). A New Encyclopedia of Freemasonry. vol. I. Cosimo, Inc. p. 400. ISBN 1-60206-641-8.
- Longford p.53
- Weinreb, Ben and Hibbert, Christopher (1992). The London Encyclopaedia (reprint ed.). Macmillan. p. 543.
- Longford p.33
- Webb, Alfred (1878). " Wellesley, Garrett, Viscount Wellesley". A Compendium of Irish Biography. Dublin: M. H. Gill & son. Wikisource
- Article from thepeerage.com
- Free scores by Garret Wesley, 1st Earl of Mornington in the Choral Public Domain Library (ChoralWiki)
- Free scores by Garret Wesley, 1st Earl of Mornington at the International Music Score Library Project
|Parliament of Ireland|
|Member of Parliament for Trim
With: Joseph Ashe
William Francis Crosbie
The Earl of Belvedere
|Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Ireland
1776 – 1777
The Duke of Leinster
|Peerage of Ireland|
|New creation||Earl of Mornington
1760 – 1781
1758 – 1781