Gavril Radomir of Bulgaria

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Gavril Radomir
Tsar of Bulgaria
Reign 6 October 1014 – August 1015
Predecessor Samuel of Bulgaria
Successor Ivan Vladislav of Bulgaria
Died 1015
Spouse Margaret of Hungary
Irene of Larissa
Issue Peter Delyan
Dynasty Cometopuli
Father Samuel of Bulgaria
Mother Agatha

Gavril Radomir (Bulgarian: Гаврил Радомир, Greek: Γαβριὴλ Ρωμανός/Gavriil Romanos, anglicized as "Gabriel Radomir") was the emperor (tsar) of Bulgaria from October 1014 to August or September 1015. He was the son of tsar Samuel (r. 997–1014). During his father's reign, his cousin Ivan Vladislav and Ivan's entire family were all sentenced by Samuel to death for treason. Gavril's intervention saved them. He is said to have saved his father's life in the disastrous defeat of the Battle of Spercheios, and he was described as a gallant fighter.[1]

Around the same time that Emperor Basil II captured the bulk of Samuel's army, Gavril and his forces defeated the army of Theophylact Botaneiates. Having inherited Samuel's war with the Byzantine Empire, Gavril Radomir raided Byzantine territory, reaching as far as Constantinople. However, the Byzantines secured the assistance of Ivan Vladislav, who owed his life to Radomir. Vladislav murdered Radomir while hunting near Ostrovo, and then took the throne for himself.

Some sources connect Gavril Radomir with the medieval dualist sect, Bogomilism, a popular heretic movement that flourished in the region of Macedonia during his and his father's reign.[2]

Gavril Radomir married twice. His son Peter (II) Delyan played a role in attempting to secure independence for Bulgaria several decades later.

Family tree[edit]

The sarcophagi of Samuel, Gavril Radomir and Ivan Vladislav in Agios Achilios, Greece.
of Armenia
Unknown daughter
Unknown daughter
Irene of Larissa
Margaret of Hungary
several sons
& daughters
Peter Delyan



  1. ^  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. ^ Obolensky, Dimitry (1948). The Bogomils: A study in Balkan Neo-Manicheism. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-58262-8. 

See also[edit]

Preceded by
Samuel of Bulgaria
Emperor of Bulgaria
Succeeded by
Ivan Vladislav