Geographical midpoint of Asia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Geographical Center of Asia, Kyzyl, Russia

The location of the geographical centre of Asia (Russian: Центр Азии; Tuvan: Азияның Төвү; Chinese: 亚洲地理中心) depends on the definition of the borders of Asia, mainly whether remote islands are included to define the extreme points of Asia, and on the method of calculating the final result. Also on the projection used (radial projection on the plane vs. projection on a geoid), there is no objectively correct way of finding "the center of Asia". Thus, several places claim to host this hypothetical centre.

The first official declaration of the Centre of Asia was made in the 1890s by the British traveller,[clarification needed] and calculated to be near the Manor house of Estate of Safyanov in Saldam (modern Tuva, Russia) at 52°29′00″N 96°05′09″E / 52.48333°N 96.08583°E / 52.48333; 96.08583. There is a monument commemorating that fact in the estate garden.[1][2][3]

Current measurements[edit]

Geographical midpoint of Asia is located in Asia
Saldam
Saldam
Kyzyl
Kyzyl
Yungfen
Yungfen
This map shows in red points some of the locations of claimants to the title of Centre of Asia

China[edit]

Geographical Center of Asian Continent (Chinese: 亚洲大陆地理中心) is the name of a monument indicating the supposed geographical center of the Asian continent. It is located about 20 km south-west of Ürümqi, Xinjiang province, People's Republic of China.

The measurement on which it is based dates to 1992. It was based on calculating the geographical center of 49 Asian countries (including the island states of Cyprus and Japan, and counting Palestine and Sikkim as separate countries), placing the geographical center of these countries at 43°40′52″N 87°19′52″E / 43.68111°N 87.33111°E / 43.68111; 87.33111.

Before the completion of the monument, the site was marked by a wooden pole stating "Geographic Center of Asia" (亚洲地理中心). A village that happened to be located at the site where the monument was to be built was relocated, and the new village is now known as the "Heart of Asia" (亚心).

The site has a tower labelled "Center of Asia" which represents 48 countries of Asia.[4] The monument was completed in the late 1990s.[5][6]

Russia[edit]

Obelisk "Center of Asia" (Russian: Центр Азии; Tuvan: Азияның Төвү) is the name of a monument indicating the supposed geographical center of the Asian continent. It is located in Kyzyl, Tyva Republic, Russian Federation.

It is located in the Tos-Bulak area south of the city, located about 700 km to the north-to-northeast of the Ürümqi monument at 51°43′29″N 94°26′37″E / 51.72472°N 94.44361°E / 51.72472; 94.44361. The monument was completed in 1968.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ «Жемчужный» поселок вне закона
  2. ^ Шойгу С. К., Аракчаа К. Д. Урянхай. Тыва дептер. — М.: Слово, 2007. — Т. 1. — С. 391.
  3. ^ Маркус С. Центр Азии // Тува: словарь культуры. — М.: Академический проект, 2006. — С. 745.
  4. ^ 43° 40’ 52”N 87° 19’ 52” E Geographic Center of Asia - The Heart of Asia (亚洲之心) – Xinjiang (新疆), China
  5. ^ http://bbs.chinadaily.com.cn/thread-725957-1-1.html
  6. ^ http://www.aboutxinjiang.com/Travel/content/2010-07/23/content_5117116.htm