Coulouris as Thatcher in Citizen Kane (1941)
|Born||George Alexander Coulouris
1 October 1903
Manchester, Lancashire, England, UK
|Died||25 April 1989
London, England, UK
|Spouse(s)||Elizabeth Donaldson (1977-1989) (his death)
Louise Franklin (1930-1976) (her death) 2 children
George Coulouris (1 October 1903 – 25 April 1989) was an English film and stage actor.
Coulouris was born in Manchester, Lancashire, England, the son of Abigail ( Redfern) and Nicholas Coulouris, a merchant of Greek origin. He was brought up both in Manchester and nearby Urmston and was educated at Manchester Grammar School. He attended London's Central School of Speech and Drama, in the company of fellow students Laurence Olivier and Peggy Ashcroft.
A major impact on his life was Orson Welles, whom he met in 1936 when they both had roles in the Broadway production of Sidney Kingsley's Ten Million Ghosts. Welles invited Coulouris to become a charter member of his Mercury Theatre, and in 1937 Coulouris performed the role of Mark Antony in the company's debut production, Caesar, an innovative modern-dress production of Shakespeare's Julius Caesar.
In 1938 he appeared in the Mercury stage productions of The Shoemaker's Holiday and Heartbreak House, and became part of the repertory company that presented CBS Radio's The Mercury Theatre on the Air and its sponsored continuation, The Campbell Playhouse (1938–40).
In Citizen Kane (1941), Coulouris played Walter Parks Thatcher, a financier similar to J.P. Morgan. George Coulouris won a National Board of Review 'Best Actor' award in 1941 for his performance in Citizen Kane. Orson Welles was the only other Citizen Kane actor to win the same award.
During the 1930s and 1940s he remained a regular figure on the stage and screen, starring in his own Broadway production of Richard III in 1943. His films in this period included For Whom the Bell Tolls (1943), Between Two Worlds (1944), Mr. Skeffington (1944) and Watch on the Rhine (1943), in which he repeated the role he originated in the Broadway play of the same name. He also gave a notable performance as Robert de Baudricourt, in the Technicolor spectacular, Joan of Arc (1948), starring Ingrid Bergman. While most of his performances are strong ones, usually as a heavy or villain, occasionally he could turn his serious characterizations into humorous ones. Thatcher in Citizen Kane is fussy and pompous at times. A better (if briefer) example was in Mr. Skeffington as Dr. Byles, planning to go on a well-deserved, long-delayed holiday only to find it delayed again by a selfish, impossible Fanny Skeffington (Bette Davis).[clarification needed]
Back in Britain
Coulouris returned to Britain after 1950, and appeared in more films, theatre and television productions. His stage work was the most well regarded and included the title role in King Lear at the Glasgow Citizens' Theatre (1952); the lead (Dr. Stockmann) in An Enemy of the People (1959) at the Arts Theatre, Cambridge; Peter Flynn in Sean O'Casey's The Plough and the Stars at the Mermaid Theatre (1962); a part in August Strindberg's The Dance of Death; and Big Daddy in Tennessee Williams's Cat on a Hot Tin Roof (1970).
Radio roles were also numerous, and his television roles included parts in Danger Man and The Prisoner episode "Checkmate". Other notable appearances included the reoccurring role of science writer Harcourt Brown in the ABC serials, Pathfinders to Mars and Pathfinders to Venus, which were sequels to earlier serials; Target Luna and Pathfinders in Space. Doctor Who fans would recognise him as Arbitan in the Doctor Who serial The Keys of Marinus.
- The Novice and the Duke (9 December 1929 – January 1930) as Friar Peter
- The Late Christopher Bean (31 October 1932 – May 1933) as Tallant
- Best Sellers (3 May – June 1933) as Julian Mosca
- Mary of Scotland (27 November 1933 – July 1934) as Lord Burghley and as Lord Erskine
- Valley Forge (10 December 1934 – January 1935) as Lieutenant Cutting
- Blind Alley (24 September 1935 – January 1936) as Dr. Anthony Shelby
- Saint Joan (9 March – May 1936) as John de Stogumber
- Ten Million Ghosts (23 October – November 1936) as Zacharey
- Julius Caesar (11 November 1937 – March 1938) as Marc Antony
- The Shoemaker's Holiday (1 January – 28 April 1938) as The King:340–341
- Heartbreak House (29 April – 11 June 1938) as Boss Mangan:342
- Madame Capet (October 1938) as Mirabeau
- The White Steed (10 January 1939 –?) as Father Shaughnessy
- Cue for Passion (19–28 December 1940) as John Elliott
- Watch on the Rhine (1 April 1941 – 21 February 1942) as Teck de Brancovis
- King Richard III (24 March – 3 April 1943) as Richard, Duke of Glouchester (Richard III)
- The Alchemist (6–16 May 1948) as Subtle
- S.S. Glencairn (20–30 May 1948) as The Donkey Man
- The Insect Comedy (3–12 June 1948) as The Vagrant
- Beekman Place (7–31 October 1964) as Samuel Holt
- The Condemned of Altona (3 February – 13 March 1966)
- King Richard III (24 March – 3 April 1943)
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (March 2013)|
- George Coulouris Biography (1903-1989)
- "George Coulouris". 1989. Retrieved 2007-08-14.
- Collins, Glenn, "George Coulouris, 85, Is Dead; Actor Relished Villainous Roles". The New York Times, April 27, 1989
- George Cououris, Internet Broadway Database. Retrieved 12013-12-28.
- Watch on the Rhine at the Internet Broadway Database
- Dunning, John. (1998). On the Air: The Encyclopedia of Old-Time Radio. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-507678-3. P. 123.
- McCarthy, Todd (September 6, 2008). "Film Review: Me and Orson Welles". Variety. Retrieved 2015-09-07.
- George Coulouris at the Internet Broadway Database
- Welles, Orson; Bogdanovich, Peter; Rosenbaum, Jonathan (1992). This is Orson Welles. New York: HarperCollins Publishers. ISBN 0-06-016616-9.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to George Coulouris.|
- George Coulouris at the Internet Movie Database
- George Coulouris at the TCM Movie Database
- George Coulouris at the Internet Broadway Database
- The George Coulouris Archive, material related to the actor, compiled by George Coulouris, jr.
- George Coulouris at Find a Grave
- Literature on George Coulouris