George Gibbs Dibrell
George Gibbs Dibrell
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Tennessee's 3rd district
March 4, 1875 – March 3, 1885
|Preceded by||William Crutchfield|
|Succeeded by||John R. Neal|
|Member of the Tennessee House of Representatives|
|Born||April 12, 1822|
|Died||May 9, 1888 (aged 66)|
|Spouse(s)||Mary E. Leftwich Dibrell|
|Children||Wamon L. Dibrell|
Frank Simpson Dibrell
|Alma mater||East Tennessee University|
|Profession||lawyer, farmer, merchant, judge, banker, railroad executive|
|Allegiance||Confederate States of America|
|Branch/service||Confederate States Army|
|Years of service||1861–1865|
|Unit||25th Tennessee Infantry|
|Commands||8th Tennessee Cavaly|
Dibrell's Cavalry Brigade
Dibrell's Cavalry Division
|Battles/wars||American Civil War|
George Gibbs Dibrell (April 12, 1822 – May 9, 1888) was an American lawyer and a five-term member of the United States House of Representatives from the 3rd Congressional District of Tennessee. He also served as a general in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War and as a railroad executive.
Dibrell was born in Sparta in White County, Tennessee. He attended the public schools and graduated from East Tennessee University in Knoxville in 1843. He married Mary E. Leftwick in 1842 and they had seven sons and one daughter. He studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1843, and established a legal practice.
While engaged in agricultural and mercantile pursuits, Dibrell was elected clerk of the branch of the Bank of Tennessee at Sparta. He was a justice of the peace and a county clerk for White County for many years. He was a member of the Tennessee House of Representatives in 1861.
Dibrell volunteered in the Confederate States Army and served from 1861 to 1865. He rose from private in the 25th Tennessee Infantry to lieutenant colonel of that regiment in August 1861. He fought in the Mill Springs campaign and at the Siege of Corinth. Dibrell later organized the White County "Partisan Rangers," raised the 8th Tennessee Cavalry, and served as its first colonel. Commanding a brigade, he played a prominent role in the defense of the important saltworks during the Battle of Saltville. He served under noted cavalry generals Nathan Bedford Forrest and Joseph Wheeler.
Promoted to brigadier general in early 1865, Dibrell commanded a division under Wheeler during the Carolinas Campaign and its climatic Battle of Bentonville. He accompanied the flight of the Confederate government following the evacuation and fall of Richmond in April 1865, having charge of protecting the national archives of the Confederacy and escorting President Jefferson Davis from Greensboro, North Carolina into Georgia. He was finally captured and paroled near Washington, Georgia, on May 9, 1865.
Owner of over fifteen thousand acres in White County, he established the Bon Air Coal & Coke Company, which became one of the county's leading industries and largest employers. Also a key figure in the development of the Southwestern Railroad, which connected Sparta with the Nashville and Chattanooga line, he was President of that railroad in 1869. He was a delegate to the Tennessee state constitutional convention in 1870.
Elected as a Democrat to the Forty-fourth and the four succeeding Congresses, Dibrell served from March 4, 1875 to March 3, 1885. He was not a candidate for renomination in 1884 and resumed agriculture and business pursuits, including the development of several coal mines.
- "George Gibbs Dibrell". Tngenweb.org. Retrieved 16 April 2013.
- "George Gibbs Dibrell". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 16 April 2013.
- "George Gibbs Dibrell". Tennessee Historical Society. Retrieved 16 April 2013.
- "George Gibbs Dibrell". Govtrack US Congress. Retrieved 16 April 2013.
- "George Gibbs Dibrell". The Political Graveyard. Retrieved 16 April 2013.
- Eicher, John H., and David J. Eicher, Civil War High Commands. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2001. ISBN 978-0-8047-3641-1.
- Sifakis, Stewart. Who Was Who in the Civil War. New York: Facts On File, 1988. ISBN 978-0-8160-1055-4.
- Warner, Ezra J. Generals in Gray: Lives of the Confederate Commanders. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1959. ISBN 978-0-8071-0823-9.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to George Gibbs Dibrell.|
- United States Congress. "George Gibbs Dibrell (id: D000301)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved on 2008-02-13
- Tennesseeencyclopedia.net bio
- Tngenweb.org bio
- George Gibbs Dibrell at Find a Grave
|U.S. House of Representatives|
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Tennessee's 3rd congressional district
John R. Neal