George Stewart, 8th Earl of Galloway

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George Stewart
8th Earl of Galloway
George Stewart 8th Earl of Galloway.jpg
George Stewart wearing the naval uniform of post-captain. Watercolour on ivory by Anne Mee.
Member of the Great Britain Parliament
for Saltash
In office
1790 – February 1795
Member of the United Kingdom Parliament
for Cockermouth
In office
22 July 1805 – 1806
Member of the United Kingdom Parliament
for Haslemere
In office
1806 – November 1806
Personal details
Born (1768-03-24)24 March 1768
Died 27 March 1834(1834-03-27) (aged 66)
Political party Tory
Spouse(s) Lady Jane Paget
Children 4 sons and 4 daughters
Alma mater Westminster School
Awards Order of the Thistle
Military service
Allegiance Great Britain
United Kingdom
Service/branch Royal Navy
Years of service 1781–1806
Rank Admiral
Commands
Battles/wars

Admiral George Stewart, 8th Earl of Galloway KT (24 March 1768 – 27 March 1834), styled Lord Garlies between 1773 and 1806, was a British naval commander and politician.

Background[edit]

Garlies was the eldest son of John Stewart, 7th Earl of Galloway, and Anne, daughter of Sir James Dashwood, 2nd Baronet,[1] and attended Westminster School[2] before embarking on a career in the Royal Navy.

Military career[edit]

Garlies entered into the navy at an early age, serving as a 13-year-old midshipman under the command of his uncle, Commodore Keith Stewart at the Battle of Dogger Bank in August 1781, and also in the Great Siege of Gibraltar in 1782. In 1789 he was promoted to lieutenant, serving in the frigate Aquilon in the Mediterranean. He returned to England in early 1790, when appointed commander of the fire ship Vulcan. He was promoted to post-captain on 30 April 1793, and soon after was appointed to the frigate Winchelsea, serving in the West Indies, and being wounded while covering the landing of the army at Guadaloupe in April 1794,[1][3] and was then sent with detachments of troops to accept the surrender of the islands of Marie-Galante and La Désirade.[4]

In 1795 he took command of the frigate Lively, and took Sir John Jervis out from England to assume command in the Mediterranean. Commanding a division of four frigates and a sloop, he engaged the Spanish ship of line San Francisco de Asís in the Action of 25 January 1797, in which he was forced to withdraw. He served in the area until the Battle of Cape St Vincent in February 1797. After the battle Lively carried Sir Robert Calder, with the account of the victory, and Lord Minto, Viceroy of Corsica, and his suite, who were on board during the battle, back to England.[1]

Around November 1799 Garlies commissioned the frigate Hussar, and commanded her in the Channel and on the coast of Ireland until early 1801, making several captures and recaptures:[1]

  • On 17 May 1800 Hussar, the frigate Loire and the schooner Milbrook recaptured the ship Princess Charlotte, and captured the French schooner La Francoise.[5]
  • On 2 March 1801 Hussar captured the French schooner Le General Bessieres.[6]
  • On 12 April 1801 Hussar recaptured the ship James of Liverpool.[7]

In early 1801 Garlies moved into the Bellerophon, to serve on the blockade of Brest, remaining there until the Treaty of Amiens in early 1802 brought a short-lived period of peace. Following the renewal of hostilities in May 1803 he commanded the ship Ajax,[1] and sat on the Board of Admiralty in between May 1805[8] and February 1806.[2] Galloway saw no further active service, but was promoted to Rear-Admiral on 31 July 1810;[9] to Vice Admiral on 12 August 1819;[1] and to Admiral on 22 July 1830.[10]

Political career[edit]

Apart from his military career Garlies also sat as a Member of Parliament. He was first elected in 1790 for the constituency of Saltash, and served until vacating his seat in favour of his brother William in February 1795.[11] He returned to Parliament when elected MP for Cockermouth on 22 July 1805, and then sat for Haslemere after the 1806 election, but was shortly after obliged to quit his seat following the death of his father on 13 November, when he became the Earl of Galloway, and moved to the House of Lords.[2]

He served as Lord Lieutenant of Kirkcudbright from 26 December 1794[12] to 1807, and from 1820 to 1828, and of Wigtownshire from 28 March 1807[13] to 1828.[2] On 30 May 1814 he was invested as a member of the Order of the Thistle.[14] He also served as Vice-President of the Board of Agriculture in 1815.[2]

Family[edit]

In April 1797 he married Lady Jane Paget, the daughter of Henry Paget, 1st Earl of Uxbridge, and sister of Henry Paget, 1st Marquess of Anglesey.[1] They had eight children:[15]

  1. Lady Jane Stewart (1798–1844), m. George Spencer-Churchill, 6th Duke of Marlborough.
  2. Lady Caroline Stewart (1799–1857)
  3. Hon Randolph Stewart, later 9th Earl of Galloway (1800–1873)
  4. Lady Louisa Stewart (1804–1889), m. William Duncombe, 2nd Baron Feversham.
  5. Hon Arthur Stewart (1805–1806)
  6. Hon Alan Stewart (1807–1808)
  7. Lady Helen Stewart (1810–1813)
  8. Vice Admiral Hon Keith Stewart CB (1814– 15 September 1879)[16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Marshall, John (1823). Royal Naval Biography : or Memoirs of the services of all the flag-officers, superannuated rear-admirals, retired-captains, post-captains and commanders, whose names appeared on the Admiralty list of sea officers at the commencement of the year 1760, or who have since been promoted; illustrated by a series of historical and explanatory notes. With copious addenda. Vol. I, Part II. London: Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, and Green. pp. 444–446. Retrieved 12 October 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Thorne, R.G. (2013). "Stewart, George, Viscount Garlies (1768-1834)". The History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 12 October 2013. 
  3. ^ "no. 13657". The London Gazette. 20 May 1794. pp. 450–451. 
  4. ^ "no. 13659". The London Gazette. 21 May 1794. p. 463. 
  5. ^ "no. 15328". The London Gazette. 13 January 1801. p. 73. 
  6. ^ "no. 15365". The London Gazette. 12 May 1801. p. 541. 
  7. ^ "no. 15369". The London Gazette. 26 May 1801. p. 598. 
  8. ^ "no. 15802". The London Gazette. 27 April 1805. p. 569. 
  9. ^ "no. 16391". The London Gazette. 28 July 1810. p. 1119. 
  10. ^ "no. 18709". The London Gazette. 23 July 1830. p. 1539. 
  11. ^ "no. 13759". The London Gazette. 10 March 1795. p. 231. 
  12. ^ "no. 13735". The London Gazette. 27 December 1794. p. 1268. 
  13. ^ "no. 16014". The London Gazette. 28 March 1807. p. 393. 
  14. ^ "no. 16905". The London Gazette. 4 June 1814. p. 1154. 
  15. ^ Cracroft-Brennan, Patrick, ed. (2013). "Earl of Galloway". Cracrofts Peerage. Retrieved 12 October 2013. 
  16. ^ "Births, Marriages, Deaths". The Cornishman (62). 18 September 1879. p. 5. 

External links[edit]

Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Charles Ambler
John Lemon
Member of Parliament for Saltash
1790–1795
With: Edward Bearcroft
Succeeded by
Edward Bearcroft
Hon. William Stewart
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Robert Plumer Ward
James Graham
Member of Parliament for Cockermouth
1805–1806
With: Robert Plumer Ward
Succeeded by
James Graham
John Lowther
Preceded by
George Wood
Richard Penn
Member of Parliament for Haslemere
1806
With: Charles Long
Succeeded by
Charles Long
Robert Plumer Ward
Honorary titles
Preceded by
?
Lord Lieutenant of Kirkcudbright
1794–1803
Succeeded by
The Earl of Galloway
Preceded by
The Earl of Selkirk
Lord Lieutenant of Kirkcudbright
1820–1828
Succeeded by
The Earl of Galloway
Preceded by
The Earl of Galloway
Lord Lieutenant of Wigtownshire
1807–1828
Succeeded by
The Earl of Galloway
Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by
John Stewart
Earl of Galloway
1806–1834
Succeeded by
Randolph Stewart