Georgia Bureau of Investigation

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Georgia Bureau of Investigation
GBI seal
GBI seal
MottoLex Et Ordo
Law and Order
Agency overview
Formed1937; 86 years ago (1937)
Employees1,015 (as of 2022)
Annual budget$337,855,257 (FY'23) [1]
Jurisdictional structure
Operations jurisdictionGeorgia, United States
Size59,425 square miles (153,910 km2)
Population10,711,908 (2020)[2]
Legal jurisdictionStatewide
General nature
Operational structure
Overviewed byGeorgia Board of Public Safety [3]
HeadquartersDeKalb County
33°41′33″N 84°16′24″W / 33.6925297°N 84.2734381°W / 33.6925297; -84.2734381 (GBI headquarters and state crime lab)Coordinates: 33°41′33″N 84°16′24″W / 33.6925297°N 84.2734381°W / 33.6925297; -84.2734381 (GBI headquarters and state crime lab)
Special Agents305 (as of 2022)[4]
Civilians710 (as of 2022)[4]
Agency executives
  • Michael Register[5], Director
  • John Melvin, Assistant Director

The Georgia Bureau of Investigation (GBI) is the state bureau of investigation of the U.S. state of Georgia. It is an independent, statewide agency that provides assistance to Georgia's criminal justice system in the areas of criminal investigations, forensic laboratory services, and computerized criminal justice information. Its headquarters is located in unincorporated DeKalb County, near Decatur and in Greater Atlanta.[6]


Georgia Bureau of Investigation Headquarters building in Decatur, Georgia
The State Crime Lab is located in another building at the same Decatur, Georgia complex.

The agency is divided into several parts:

  • Division of Forensic Sciences (DOFS) - Established in 1952 and furnishes scientific support to the Criminal Justice System of Georgia.
  • Georgia Crime Information Center (GCIC) - Established in 1973 providing round-the-clock access to needed information.
  • Investigative Division - Headed by the Deputy Director for Investigations with 400 employees, working in Regional Offices, Regional Drug Enforcement Offices and other work units that provide specialized services in criminal investigations. Special agents from the Investigative Division respond to requests for assistance from local law enforcement officials to investigate major crimes such as: homicide, rape, child abuse, armed robbery, fraud and other felonies. Drug investigations can be initiated without request.
  • Medical Examiner's Office - Provides forensic pathology services to 153 of 159 Georgia counties in deaths which qualify as coroner cases under the Georgia Death Investigation Act. The Chief Medical Examiner for the State of Georgia oversees the GBI's medical examiner (M.E.) program and also establishes policies and guidelines for all Georgia coroners and local medical examiners.
  • Crisis Intervention Team - Assists with people with mental illness and other brain disorders.

Fleet and Asset Section manages the GBI's fleet of more than 500 vehicles and GBI assets totally nearly 5,000 items valued in excess of $100 million.

Staff Services is responsible for:

  • The administration of headquarters' security personnel and maintenance contracts
  • Telecommunications management
  • Risk management
  • Security and access management
  • Contract administration.


  • Bingo Regulation
  • Crime Statistics
  • GBI Crime Statistics Database
  • GAPS - Georgia Applicant Processing Service
  • Georgia Criminal History Record Expungements
  • Georgia Sex Offender Registry
  • Law Enforcement Liaison and Links
  • Non-Criminal Justice Agencies
  • Obtaining Criminal History Record Information
  • Prevent Child Abuse (PCA) Georgia


Governor Eurith D. Rivers was instrumental in the creation of the department in March 1937, when a law was passed Act 220 creating the Georgia Department of Public Safety which included the Georgia State Patrol and a plainclothes investigative division called the Division of Identification, Detection, Prevention and Investigation which became the GBI in 1940.[7] Any crime committed on state property or on state highways came under the jurisdiction of the Department of Public Safety. The Georgia Bureau of Investigation was also authorized to assist in criminal investigations when requested to do so by local law enforcement officials or agencies.

In 1972 then Governor of Georgia Jimmy Carter proposed extensive changes in the structure of the executive branch of state government that led to the introduction of the Executive Reorganization Act. As a result of passage of this Act and later amendments, on February 28, 1974, the GBI was made an independent agency separate from the Georgia Department of Public Safety.

See also[edit]

In popular culture[edit]

The show

Based on Karin Slaughter's bestselling books, the series follows Special Agent Will Trent of the Georgia Bureau of Investigations. As a child, Trent was abandoned and was forced to endure a harsh coming-of-age in Atlanta's overwhelmed foster care system. Now that he is in a position to make a difference, Trent is determined to use his unique point of view to make sure no one is abandoned like he was. His personal motivation and background contribute to Will Trent having the highest clearance rate in the GBI.


  1. ^ "Georgia Fiscal Year 2023 budget" (PDF). Retrieved 2022-04-14.
  2. ^ Bureau, US Census (April 26, 2021). "2020 Census Apportionment Results". The United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 27, 2021.
  3. ^ "GBI Organizational Chart".
  4. ^ a b "Monthly Statistical Report". Retrieved 30 August 2022.
  5. ^ "Michael Register". Retrieved 2022-09-16.
  6. ^ "Directions." Georgia Bureau of Investigation. Retrieved on March 4, 2014. "The GBI Headquarters is located at: 3121 Panthersville Road Decatur GA, 30034"
  7. ^ "GBI History | Georgia Bureau of Investigation". 1974-02-28. Retrieved 2017-02-23.

External links[edit]