Ghulam Moinuddin Khanji
|Ghulam Moinuddin Khanji|
Ghulam Moinuddin Khanji in 1940s.
|Khan of Manavadar|
|Reign||19 October 1918 – 15 August 1947|
|Born||Ghulam Moinuddin Khanji|
22 December 1911
Manavadar, Bantva Manavadar, British India (present-day Gujarat, India)
|Died||13 February 2003 (aged 91)|
Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan
|Begum||Qudsia Siddiqa, Nawab Abida|
|Issue||Aslam Khan and 10 others|
|Mother||Fatima Siddiqa Begum|
Ghulam Moinuddin Khanji (22 December 1911 – 13 February 2003) was the ruler of Manavadar State, one of the princely states associated with British India. Although Khanji chose to accede to Pakistan after the partition of India, the state was soon annexed by India and a subsequent referendum resulted in a massive Indian victory.
Khanji was born as Ghulam Moinuddin Khanji at Manavadar, Bantva Manavadar (in present-day Gujarat, India) on 22 December 1911. He was the eldest son of Nawab Fatehuddin Khanji. His mother, Fatima Siddiqa Begum was the second wife of Fatehuddin. Moinuddin graduated from Rajkumar College, Rajkot.
Khanji ascended the throne of Manavadar on 19 October 1918 after the death of his father. Since he was only seven years old, his mother acted as Regent until 1931, when 20-year-old Khanji's investiture took place.
Following the independence and partition of India in 1947, the princely states were invited to either join India or Pakistan or remain independent. On 24 September, Khanji acceded to the new Dominion of Pakistan. However, on the orders of the Deputy Prime Minister of India Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, India annexed the state on 22 October. A referendum was held in Manavadar, Mangrol, and three other states. Out of 31,434 votes which were cast, 34 were in favour of Pakistan.
Khanji was the founder of the Manavadar hockey team. Under his captaincy, the team toured New Zealand and won all the matches in 1934. In the same year, he was a member of the India hockey team representing the country at the Western Asiatic Games.
Khanji married his first wife Qudsia Siddiqa Begum, daughter of the Nawab of Kurwai on 14 November 1933. He married for a second time in July 1945 to Nawab Abida Begum. He had five sons and six daughters, the last of whom was born in 1963. His eldest son Aslam Khan was also a cricketer. One of Khanji's grand-daughters, Sarwat Gilani, is an actress.
Khanji's full name, with titles, was Major Nawab Ghulam Moinuddin Khanji Fatehuddin Khanji Babi, Khan Sahib of Manavadar. He received the Hilal-e-Quaid-i-Azam in 1953.
- Who's Who in India, Burma & Ceylon (Who's Who Publishers (India) Limited, 1936), p. 541
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