Ghulam Moinuddin Khanji

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Ghulam Moinuddin Khanji
Nawab, Khan
Ghulam Moinuddin Khanji
Ghulam Moinuddin Khanji in 1940s.
Khan of Manavadar
Reign19 October 1918 – 15 August 1947
PredecessorFatehuddin Khanji
SuccessorMonarchy abolished
BornGhulam Moinuddin Khanji
(1911-12-22)22 December 1911
Manavadar, Bantva Manavadar, British India (present-day Gujarat, India)
Died13 February 2003(2003-02-13) (aged 91)
Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan
BegumQudsia Siddiqa, Nawab Abida
IssueAslam Khan and 10 others
FatherFatehuddin Khanji
MotherFatima Siddiqa Begum
ReligionIslam
Cricket information
Career statistics
Competition FC
Matches 12
Runs scored 546
Batting average 27.30
100s/50s 0/4
Top score 88*
Balls bowled 240
Wickets 2
Bowling average 70.51
5 wickets in innings 0
10 wickets in match 0
Best bowling 2/86
Catches/stumpings 0
Source: Cricinfo

Ghulam Moinuddin Khanji (22 December 1911 – 13 February 2003) was the ruler of Manavadar State, one of the princely states associated with British India. Although Khanji chose to accede to Pakistan after the partition of India, the state was soon annexed by India and a subsequent referendum resulted in a massive Indian victory.

An able sportsman, Khanji played first-class cricket for Western India and in his later life, was also the president of the Pakistan Hockey Federation.

Early life[edit]

Khanji was born as Ghulam Moinuddin Khanji at Manavadar, Bantva Manavadar (in present-day Gujarat, India) on 22 December 1911. He was the eldest son of Nawab Fatehuddin Khanji. His mother, Fatima Siddiqa Begum was the second wife of Fatehuddin. Moinuddin graduated from Rajkumar College, Rajkot.[1]

Reign[edit]

Khanji ascended the throne of Manavadar on 19 October 1918 after the death of his father.[1] Since he was only seven years old, his mother acted as Regent until 1931, when 20-year-old Khanji's investiture took place.[2]

Following the independence and partition of India in 1947, the princely states were invited to either join India or Pakistan or remain independent. On 24 September, Khanji acceded to the new Dominion of Pakistan.[3] However, on the orders of the Deputy Prime Minister of India Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, India annexed the state on 22 October.[4] A referendum was held in Manavadar, Mangrol, and three other states. Out of 31,434 votes which were cast, 34 were in favour of Pakistan.[4]

Khanji was initially put under house arrest at Songadh and later arrested at Rajkot. In 1951, he left for Pakistan following the Liaquat–Nehru Pact.[5]

Sportsman[edit]

Khanji was the founder of the Manavadar hockey team. Under his captaincy, the team toured New Zealand and won all the matches in 1934.[2] In the same year, he was a member of the India hockey team representing the country at the Western Asiatic Games.[2]

Khanji also played cricket and represented Western India in the Ranji Trophy between 1935 and 1941.[6] After migrating to Pakistan, he became the president of the Pakistan Hockey Federation.[7]

Personal life[edit]

Khanji married his first wife Qudsia Siddiqa Begum, daughter of the Nawab of Kurwai on 14 November 1933. He married for a second time in July 1945 to Nawab Abida Begum. He had five sons and six daughters, the last of whom was born in 1963.[2] His eldest son Aslam Khan was also a cricketer.[8] One of Khanji's grand-daughters, Sarwat Gilani, is an actress.[9]

Khanji's full name, with titles, was Major Nawab Ghulam Moinuddin Khanji Fatehuddin Khanji Babi, Khan Sahib of Manavadar. He received the Hilal-e-Quaid-i-Azam in 1953.

Khanji died on 13 February 2003 at the age of 92 at Karachi, Sindh province.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Who's Who in India, Burma & Ceylon (Who's Who Publishers (India) Limited, 1936), p. 541
  2. ^ a b c d Richard Heller; Peter Oborne (2016). White on Green: A Portrait of Pakistan Cricket. Simon and Schuster. ISBN 9781471156434.
  3. ^ "Junagadh: Legally Pakistan". The News on Sunday. 2 March 2014. Retrieved 5 April 2019.
  4. ^ a b "Patel wanted Hyderabad for India, not Kashmir – but Junagadh was the wild card that changed the game". Scroll.in. Retrieved 5 April 2019.
  5. ^ Vidya Dhar Mahajan, Fifty Years of Modern India: 1919-1969 (S. Chand & Co., 1970), pp. 327–328
  6. ^ "Nawab of Manavadar". PCB Board. Retrieved 5 April 2019.
  7. ^ a b "KARACHI: Nawab Moinuddin laid to rest". Dawn. 15 February 2003. Retrieved 5 April 2019.
  8. ^ "Aslam Khan". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 5 April 2019.
  9. ^ Sharma, Sandeep (27 April 2015). "'I have a really good memory package from my India roots'". The Weekend Leader. Retrieved 5 April 2019.