Page semi-protected

Gibsonville, North Carolina

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Gibsonville, North Carolina
Town
Motto: "City of Roses"
Location in Guilford County and the state of North Carolina.
Location in Guilford County and the state of North Carolina.
Coordinates: 36°6′9″N 79°32′21″W / 36.10250°N 79.53917°W / 36.10250; -79.53917Coordinates: 36°6′9″N 79°32′21″W / 36.10250°N 79.53917°W / 36.10250; -79.53917
Country United States
State North Carolina
Counties Guilford, Alamance
Area
 • Total 3.51 sq mi (9.08 km2)
 • Land 3.49 sq mi (9.05 km2)
 • Water 0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
Elevation 732 ft (223 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 6,410
 • Density 1,834/sq mi (708.1/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 27249
Area code(s) 336
FIPS code 37-25980[1]
GNIS feature ID 0985675[2]
Website www.gibsonville.net

Gibsonville (“City of Roses”) is a city in both Alamance County and Guilford County, U.S. state of North Carolina. Most of Gibsonville is situated in the Greensboro-Winston-Salem-High Point Combined Statistical Area while the eastern portion is in the Greensboro-High Point, North Carolina Metropolitan Statistical Area,[3] encompassing all of Alamance County. According to 2010 Census, population of Gibsonville was 6,410.[4]

History[edit]

Before 1851, no official town of Gibsonville existed, only a few buildings supporting local farmers and some gold seekers.

Not until Joseph Gibson (1785-1857) whose father established farming and gold mining operations there as early as 1775[5] was a local farmer, providing grading services in 1851 for the newly formed North Carolina Railroad (NCRR) Company. Shortly afterwards Gibsonville began to emerge as commerce center.

The first train arrived on October 9, 1855, and the depot was named Gibson Station in his honor. On February 18, 1871, the state legislature issued a charter officially establishing the Town of Gibsonville.[6]

Gold mining played a minor role here when deposits were discovered on Gibson Hill (or Gold Hill) south of town in the early 1800s. In 1888, the Chifar Consolidated Gold Mine Company began crushing ore at a mine a half mile south of the depot in Gibsonville.[7]

The town cemetery is located in that area, but no graves have yielded gold. Captain. Billy Gilmer owned one of the first stores in town built before 1860, supplying farmers and miners.[8] His wooden general store was at the corner of Main Street and Piedmont Street where Reno’s Pizza is now. Several wooden saloons were also located downtown during the frenzied gold mining days, making Gibsonville a rough and ready town with few restrictions.

The Depot Greens served as a holding area for livestock and agricultural goods being shipped out on the railroad, which was the primary economic purpose of Gibsonville. In 1886, a local self-taught entrepreneurial mill builder, Berry Davidson, constructed the steam powered Minneola textile mill on Railroad Avenue. Subsequently, he built the Hiawatha textile mill on Eugene Street in 1893. Together, these mills transformed Gibsonville from an agricultural shipping station into a vibrant small town with an industrial base.[9]

In 1894, Dr. Jordan built the first two story brick building downtown on the corner of Main Street and Lewis Street, where Wade’s Jewelry is situated now. The remainder of the brick buildings facing the Greens were built between 1905 and 1920.[10] The early 1920s were a boom time for Gibsonville when Main Street was paved, water and sewer lines installed, and street lights erected. The wooden buildings were replaced with brick structures standing today.

Prior to 1912, the Gibsonville Development Company was founded by leading citizens A. B. Owens, J.W. Burke, and D. M. Davidson (son of Berry Davidson), plus P.L. Kivett later. These civic leaders were responsible for creating the town’s telephone exchange, Bank, lumber yard, the Gibsonville Hosiery Mill on Apple Street, multiple, plus several houses. They also expanded the Rock Creek Dairy into the largest dairy in the state.[11]

The town’s population grew slowly from 111 residents in 1890 to more than 6,410 in 2010. Most of the rapid growth occurred after 1970 when the town’s population was 2,024 residents.[12]

When the mills closed in the 1980s the town slowly transformed itself into a commuter residential community for the Burlington and Greensboro metro area.

Gibsonville has been known as the “City of Roses” since at least 1920 when train passengers could see the large number of rose bushes along the railroad tracks at the Minneola Mill.[13]

The Gibsonville School, Francis Marion Smith House, and Simeon Wagoner House are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[14][15]

Geography[edit]

Gibsonville is located at 36°06′09″N 79°32′21″W / 36.102628°N 79.539078°W / 36.102628; -79.539078 (36.102628, -79.539078).[16]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 3.5 square miles (9.1 km2), of which 0.012 square miles (0.03 km2), or 0.28%, is water.[4]

The town is almost evenly split between Alamance and Guilford counties. The town is economically and geographically tied to the town of Elon, and Elon University in Alamance County. Gibsonville was named for Joseph Gibson, a prominent Guilford County planter of the antebellum period. Gibson's Federal-style house remains near Gibsonville and is recognized as a Guilford County landmark property.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 111
1900 521
1910 1,162 123.0%
1920 1,302 12.0%
1930 1,605 23.3%
1940 1,753 9.2%
1950 1,866 6.4%
1960 1,784 −4.4%
1970 2,019 13.2%
1980 2,865 41.9%
1990 3,441 20.1%
2000 4,372 27.1%
2010 6,410 46.6%
Est. 2014 6,697 [17] 4.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[18]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 4,372 people, 1,707 households, and 1,206 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,857.3 people per square mile (718.3/km2). There were 1,822 housing units at an average density of 774.0 per square mile (299.4/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 80.17% White, 15.53% African American, 0.39% Native American, 0.75% Asian, 1.74% from other races, and 1.42% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.72% of the population.

There were 1,707 households out of which 37.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.8% were married couples living together, 12.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.3% were non-families. 23.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the town the population was spread out with 28.0% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 31.7% from 25 to 44, 22.7% from 45 to 64, and 9.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 91.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.6 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $42,989, and the median income for a family was $51,164. Males had a median income of $36,025 versus $24,740 for females. The per capita income for the town was $21,142. About 5.7% of families and 8.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.1% of those under age 18 and 18.9% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]

Sisters Kay Yow (N.C. State Women's basketball coach) and Deborah Yow (athletic director) are natives of Gibsonville.[19]

The NFL's Torry Holt (Rams & Jaguars) and his brother Terrence Holt (Lions, Cardinals, Bears, Panthers, Saints) are both natives of Gibsonville. The Holts retain close ties to their hometown, and each summer they hold "The Holt Brothers' Football Camp" where every Gibsonville child is provided with a day of football and fun.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Gibsonville town, North Carolina". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved July 1, 2013. 
  5. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 137. 
  6. ^ Melvin O. Wyrick, “History of Town of Gibsonville, NC,” 1971. Copy on Town web page. http://www.gibsonville.net
  7. ^ "GOLD MINE BEGINS OPERATION IN GIBSONVILLE". Greensboro News & Record. Retrieved 2016-01-26. 
  8. ^ Mary Hannah Walker, “A History of Gibsonville – Before 1900,” Gibsonville Historic Society archives. http://www.gmhsi.org
  9. ^ Davidson, Berry (1831-1915), North Carolina Architects & Builders A Biographical Dictionary, http://ncarchitects.lib.ncsu.edu
  10. ^ Guilford County NC, GIS web site parcel data for Gibsonville NC. http://gis.co.guilford.nc.us/Guilfordjs
  11. ^ Jerry Nix, Oral History of Gibsonville, Gibsonville Historic Society. http://www.gmhsi.org
  12. ^ Census of Population and Housing”, http://www.census.gov/ for Gibsonville NC.
  13. ^ Gibsonville Post Special Edition, December 30, 1920, page 1-2. Gibsonville Historic Society archives. http://www.gmhsi.org/
  14. ^ Staff (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  15. ^ "National Register of Historic Places Listings". Weekly List of Actions Taken on Properties: 8/18/14 through 8/23/14. National Park Service. 2014-08-29. 
  16. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  17. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  18. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  19. ^ News & Observer

External links[edit]