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Graham, North Carolina

Coordinates: 36°03′30″N 79°23′20″W / 36.05833°N 79.38889°W / 36.05833; -79.38889
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Graham, North Carolina
Alamance County Courthouse
Official seal of Graham, North Carolina
Location of Graham, North Carolina
Location of Graham, North Carolina
Graham, North Carolina is located in North Carolina
Graham, North Carolina
Graham, North Carolina
Graham, North Carolina is located in the United States
Graham, North Carolina
Graham, North Carolina
Coordinates: 36°03′30″N 79°23′20″W / 36.05833°N 79.38889°W / 36.05833; -79.38889
CountryUnited States
StateNorth Carolina
Named forWilliam A. Graham[1]
 • Total10.49 sq mi (27.17 km2)
 • Land10.42 sq mi (26.99 km2)
 • Water0.07 sq mi (0.18 km2)
Elevation594 ft (181 m)
 • Total17,157
 • Density1,646.39/sq mi (635.66/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP code
Area code336
FIPS code37-27280[4]
GNIS feature ID2403722[3]

Graham is a city and the county seat of Alamance County, North Carolina, United States. It is part of the Burlington, North Carolina Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of the 2020 census the population was 17,153.[5] [6]


Graham was laid out in 1849 as the county seat of the newly formed Alamance County, and was incorporated as a town in 1851; it became a city in 1961. It was named for William Alexander Graham, U.S. senator from North Carolina (1840–1843) and governor of North Carolina (1845–1849).

The lynching of Wyatt Outlaw, the first African-American Town Commissioner and Constable of Graham, on February 26, 1870, by the Ku Klux Klan, along with the assassination of State Senator John W. Stephens at the Caswell County Courthouse, provoked Governor William Woods Holden to declare martial law in Alamance and Caswell Counties, resulting in the Kirk-Holden War of 1870.[7][8]

National Register of Historic Places[edit]

Alamance County Courthouse, Cedarock Park Historic District, Graham Historic District, William P. Morrow House, North Main Street Historic District, and Oneida Cotton Mills and Scott-Mebane Manufacturing Company Complex are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[9][10]


Graham is bordered to the north and the west by the city of Burlington and to the northeast by the town of Haw River. The Haw River runs along the east edge of Graham, and the city extends south as far as Alamance Creek. Interstate 85 runs through the city, leading east to Durham and west to Greensboro.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.7 square miles (25.1 km2), of which 9.6 square miles (24.9 km2) is land and 0.077 square miles (0.2 km2), or 0.67%, is water.[11]


The climate in this area is characterized by relatively high temperatures and evenly distributed precipitation throughout the year. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Graham has a Humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[12]


The local school system is known as the Alamance-Burlington School System, which was created by a merger between the Alamance County School System and the Burlington City School System in 1996.

Local public schools in Graham include:

  • Southern Alamance High School
  • Graham High School
  • Graham Middle School
  • Southern Middle School
  • Alexander Wilson Elementary School
  • B. Everett Jordan Elementary School
  • North Graham Elementary School
  • South Graham Elementary School

Private schools include:

  • Alamance Christian School

Graham is also home to Alamance Community College, a two-year technical college.


Historical population
2022 (est.)17,856[13]4.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[14][15]

2020 census[edit]

Graham racial composition[16]
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 8,420 49.08%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 4,426 25.8%
Native American 82 0.48%
Asian 222 1.29%
Pacific Islander 6 0.03%
Other/Mixed 788 4.59%
Hispanic or Latino 3,213 18.73%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 17,157 people, 6,412 households, and 3,962 families residing in the city.

2000 census[edit]

At the 2000 census there were 12,833 people, 5,241 households, and 3,385 families living in the city. The population density was 1,579.3 inhabitants per square mile (609.8/km2). There were 5,685 housing units at an average density of 699.6 per square mile (270.1/km2). The racial composition of the city was: 72.88% White, 21.64% Black or African American, 10.14% Hispanic or Latino American, 0.73% Asian American, 0.44% Native American, 0.0% Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, 3.19% some other race, and 1.12% two or more races.[4] Of the 5,241 households 29.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.0% were married couples living together, 16.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.4% were non-families. 30.1% of households were one person and 11.8% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.91.

The age distribution was 24.0% under the age of 18, 9.9% from 18 to 24, 31.8% from 25 to 44, 20.1% from 45 to 64, and 14.1% 65 or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.4 males.

The median household income was $35,706 and the median family income was $40,769. Males had a median income of $27,844 versus $22,163 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,865. About 11.9% of families and 14.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.8% of those under age 18 and 14.9% of those age 65 or over.


  1. ^ "North Carolina Gazetteer". Retrieved November 24, 2023.
  2. ^ "ArcGIS REST Services Directory". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 20, 2022.
  3. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Graham, North Carolina
  4. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  5. ^ "City and Town Population Totals: 2020-2021". Census.gov. US Census Bureau. Retrieved July 9, 2022.
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  7. ^ Troxler, Carole Watterson and William Murray Vincent (1999). Shuttle & Plow: A History of Alamance County, North Carolina. Alamance County Historical Association.
  8. ^ The Hillsboro Recorder, April 6, 1870.
  9. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  10. ^ "National Register of Historic Places Listings". Weekly List of Actions Taken on Properties: 6/09/14 through 6/13/14. National Park Service. June 20, 2014.
  11. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Graham city, North Carolina". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved June 28, 2013.
  12. ^ Climate Summary for Graham, North Carolina
  13. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places in North Carolina: April 1, 2020 to July 1, 2022". Census.gov. Retrieved April 19, 2024.
  14. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  15. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  16. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 20, 2021.

External links[edit]