Giessen

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Giessen
University of Giessen
University of Giessen
Coat of arms of Giessen
Coat of arms
Giessen is located in Germany
Giessen
Giessen
Coordinates: 50°35′0″N 8°40′0″E / 50.58333°N 8.66667°E / 50.58333; 8.66667Coordinates: 50°35′0″N 8°40′0″E / 50.58333°N 8.66667°E / 50.58333; 8.66667
Country Germany
State Hesse
Admin. region Giessen
District Giessen
Subdivisions 6 Stadtteile
Government
 • Lord Mayor Dietlind Grabe-Bolz (SPD)
Area
 • Total 72.562 km2 (28.016 sq mi)
Elevation 155-304 m (−842 ft)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total 76,680
 • Density 1,100/km2 (2,700/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 35331–35398
Dialling codes 0641, 06403
Vehicle registration GI
Website www.giessen.de

Giessen, spelled Gießen in German (German pronunciation: [ˈɡiːsən]), is a town in the German federal state (Bundesland) of Hesse, capital of both the district of Giessen and the administrative region of Giessen. The population is approximately 76,000, with roughly 24,000 university students.

The name comes from Giezzen, as it was first referred to in 1197, which refers to the position of the town between several rivers, lakes and streams.[citation needed] The largest river in Giessen is the Lahn, which divides the town in two parts (west and east), roughly 50 kilometres (31 miles) north of Frankfurt am Main.

In 1969, the town hosted the ninth Hessentag state festival.

History[edit]

Giessen came into being as a moated castle in 1152, built by Count Wilhelm von Gleiberg, although the history of the community in the northeast and in today's suburb called "Wieseck" dates back to 775. The town became part of Hesse-Marburg in 1567, passing to Hesse-Darmstadt in 1604. The University of Giessen was founded in 1607. Giessen was included within the Grand Duchy of Hesse, created in 1806 during the Napoleonic Wars. After World War I, it was part of the People's State of Hesse.

During World War II, a subcamp of the Buchenwald concentration camp was located in the town.[2] Heavy bombing destroyed about 75% of Gießen in 1944, including most of the town's historic buildings. It became part of the modern state of Hesse after the war.

In 1977 Giessen was merged with the neighbouring city Wetzlar to form the new city of Lahn. However, this attempt to reorganize the administration was reversed in 1979. It was bounded to Darmstadt (region) between 1945 and 1981 until Giessen (region) was founded in 1 January 1981.

An American military base was located in Giessen after World War II. The U.S. Army Garrison of Gießen had a population of 500 Americans. The base is a converted German Army Air Field, which is reflected in some of the buildings, including the housing area. A theatre, known as the Keller Theatre, is a converted German army Officer's Club. As of September 28, 2007, the Giessen Depot, and all other communities in the greater Giessen area were turned back over to the local German authorities.

After the war, the city was twinned with Winchester, UK.[3]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — sister cities[edit]

Giessen is twinned with:[4]

Points of interest[edit]

Gallery[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Education[edit]

Manisch[edit]

Manisch is a dialect of rotwelsch spoken in and around Giessen by people in lower income neighbourhoods, some of which are known as "Eulenkopf", "Gummiinsel", "Heyerweg" and "Margaretenhütte". Approximately 700–750 residents spoke the dialect fluently as of 1976.[8] Although the dialect still influences the Giessen vernacular, it is nearly extinct in terms of fluent speakers.

Geography[edit]

Climate[edit]

Climate in this area has mild differences between highs and lows, and there is adequate rainfall year round. The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Cfb". (Marine West Coast Climate).

Climate data for Giessen
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 3
(37)
4
(40)
8
(47)
13
(56)
18
(65)
21
(70)
23
(73)
22
(71)
18
(65)
12
(54)
7
(44)
3
(38)
12.7
(55)
Average low °C (°F) −2
(28)
−2
(29)
1
(33)
3
(38)
8
(46)
11
(51)
13
(55)
12
(53)
9
(48)
5
(41)
2
(35)
−1
(30)
4.9
(40.6)
Precipitation mm (inches) 46
(1.8)
36
(1.4)
36
(1.4)
41
(1.6)
50
(2)
61
(2.4)
74
(2.9)
61
(2.4)
48
(1.9)
56
(2.2)
46
(1.8)
50
(2)
605
(23.8)
Source: Weatherbase [9]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ "Die Bevölkerung der hessischen Gemeinden". Hessisches Statistisches Landesamt (in German). July 2013. 
  2. ^ Edward Victor. Alphabetical List of Camps, Subcamps and Other Camps.
  3. ^ "USAG Giessen Folds Up Tent". Retrieved 2008-05-08. 
  4. ^ "Gießen: Städtepartnerschaften" [Giessen: Twin towns] (in German). Stadt Gießen. Archived from the original on 2013-04-13. Retrieved 2013-08-01. 
  5. ^ "Netanya - Twin Cities". Netanya Municipality. Archived from the original on 2013-02-01. Retrieved 2013-08-01. 
  6. ^ "Twin Towns in Hampshire". Www3.hants.gov.uk. Retrieved 2009-11-06. 
  7. ^ Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Marquis Who's Who. 1967. 
  8. ^ Hans-Günter Lerch, "Tschü lowi...Das Manische in Gießen", 1976/2005, pages 16-22.
  9. ^ "Weatherbase.com". Weatherbase. 2013.  Retrieved on May 9, 2013.

External links[edit]