Golßen

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Golßen
Market square and town hall
Market square and town hall
Coat of arms of Golßen
Coat of arms
Golßen   is located in Germany
Golßen
Golßen
Location of Golßen within Dahme-Spreewald district
Golßen in LDS.png
Coordinates: 51°58′N 13°36′E / 51.967°N 13.600°E / 51.967; 13.600Coordinates: 51°58′N 13°36′E / 51.967°N 13.600°E / 51.967; 13.600
Country Germany
State Brandenburg
District Dahme-Spreewald
Municipal assoc. Unterspreewald
Government
 • Mayor Lars Kolan ((SPD))
Area
 • Total 63.29 km2 (24.44 sq mi)
Elevation 58 m (190 ft)
Population (2016-12-31)[1]
 • Total 2,575
 • Density 41/km2 (110/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 15938
Dialling codes 035452
Vehicle registration LDS
Website www.amt-golssener-land.de

Golßen (Lower Sorbian: Gólišyn) is a town in the district of Dahme-Spreewald, in Brandenburg, Germany. It is the administrative seat of the Amt ("municipal federation") Unterspreewald.

Geography[edit]

It is situated in the northwest of the Lower Lusatia region, close to the border with the Brandenburgian Mittelmark core territory. The municipal area stretches from the eastern (Lower) Fläming Heath down to the Glogau-Baruth Urstromtal (glacial valley) traversed by the Dahme River. It also comprises the villages of Mahlsdorf and Zützen.

Golßen station is a stop on the Berlin–Dresden railway line. The area around the town is known for the cultivation of Spreewald gherkins.

History[edit]

Golßen Castle, 2013 condition
Golßen pharmacy
Golßen Town hall

The settlement arose in the course of the German Ostsiedlung eastward migration during the 11th century, possibly at the site of an earlier Slavic village of fortress. Golsyn in the March of Lusatia was first mentioned in a 1276 deed issued by the Wettin margraves. With the former march, Golßen was purchased by the Luxembourg emperor Charles IV in 1367 and incorporated into the Lands of the Bohemian Crown. The Bohemian kings temporarily put the estates around Golßen Castle in pawn to several holders, such as Margrave William I of Meissen (in 1395).

During the Thirty Years' War, the Lusatias again passed to the Wettin electors of Saxony by the 1635 Peace of Prague. Golßen Castle was built about 1723, it passed to the Counts of Solms-Baruth in the 19th century. Surrounded by extended gardens, parts of the buildings were refurbished in a Neoclassical style by Eduard Knoblauch in 1852. The neighbouring estates of Zützen were held by the Kleist noble family. A Baroque palace in Zützen, erected according to plans designed by Georg Wenzeslaus von Knobelsdorff, burnt down completely in the late days of World War II.

After the Napoleonic Wars, Golßen was incorporated into the Prussian province of Brandenburg in 1816.

Demography[edit]

Development of population since 1875 within the current boundaries (Blue line: Population; Dotted line: Comparison to population development of Brandenburg state; Grey background: Time of Nazi rule; Red background: Time of communist rule)
Golßen:
Population development within the current boundaries (2013)
[2]
Year Population
1875 2 994
1890 3 243
1910 3 015
1925 2 998
1933 2 893
1939 2 840
1946 4 263
1950 4 175
1964 3 400
1971 3 349
Year Population
1981 3 115
1985 3 112
1989 3 103
1990 3 125
1991 3 092
1992 3 056
1993 3 053
1994 3 015
1995 2 995
1996 3 003
Year Population
1997 2 956
1998 3 005
1999 3 025
2000 2 994
2001 2 938
2002 2 923
2003 2 868
2004 2 852
2005 2 817
2006 2 746
Year Population
2007 2 730
2008 2 661
2009 2 627
2010 2 616
2011 2 554
2012 2 532
2013 2 532
2014 2 505
2015 2 567
2016 2 575

Politics[edit]

Seats in the municipal assembly (Stadtverordnetenversammlung) as of 2014 local elections:

Sons and daughters of the town[edit]

  • Johann Eberhard von Droste zu Zützen (1662-1726), Saxon general, commander of the fortress Königstein and landlord
  • Knut Hickethier (born 1945), media scientist
  • Alfred Hoffmann (born 1958), Catholic clergyman

References[edit]