|Città di Gorgonzola|
Night view of the Naviglio Martesana canal in Gorgonzola.
|Province / Metropolitan city||Milan (MI)|
|• Mayor||Angelo Stucchi|
|• Total||10.69 km2 (4.13 sq mi)|
|Elevation||133 m (436 ft)|
|Population (30 November 2011)|
|• Density||1,800/km2 (4,800/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
Gorgonzola (Gurgunzöla in Milanese dialect) is an Italian town of 20,042 inhabitants  of the metropolitan city of Milan, in Lombardy. It is part of the territory of the Martesana, north-east of Milan.
The town gives its name to the famous cheese Gorgonzola.
The first written record mentioning the village of Gorgonzola back to the tenth century: it seems that the notary clerk of the convent of Saint Ambrose in Milan was the caretaker of the church of Saints Gervasio and Protasio in "Gorgontiola".
In 453 the church is located where the current Gorgonzola was attacked by the Huns who destroyed the nearby Roman town of Argentia making the small village, formed earlier by one "mutatio" (station for changing horses), became the most densely populated of the surrounding territories.
In the thirteenth century it belonged direct Milanese family of Della Torre before being ousted by the Visconti.
Gorgonzola in 1288 is cited as one of the most important churches of the diocese of Milan and in 1510 appeared for the first time on a document the current name.
Gorgonzola in 1176 joined the Lombard League, and in 1245, during the clashes that followed the Peace of Constance in 1183 and which involved the heirs of Frederick Barbarossa, during the assault by Frederick II to the ramparts of Milan, the forces of Lombardy They had to fold up in Gorgonzola: there were clashes and the commanders of both sides were captured by their enemies. A Gorgonzola was guarded King Enzo, son of Emperor and Imperial Vicar of Lombardy.
For a long time it was thought that the name derived from the Latin Gorgonzola "Curte Argentia" which seems to indicate a settlement near the Roman town of Argentia, situated between Milan and Bergamo, or, according to other interpretations, a place for the horses at the 14th mile on the road towards Bergamo; over time the name would undergo the change in Curt-Argentia, Cort-argentiola and finally Gorgonzola. A more recent is the one that takes the name derived from the goddess Concordia, then transformed into Corcondiola and finally in Gorgonzola.
Villages and Places
The town of Gorgonzola has fraction Riva where is the station MM2 Villa Pompea, and also in 4 locations that are: Production Location (9 inhabitants), Cascina Mugnaga (22 inhabitants), Cascina Vergani (21 inhabitants), Cascina new (34 inhabitants ).
Gorgonzola is located in the west of the basin of the Po Valley, and this position gives it (the sea is far away) a continental climate.
Winters are cold in Gorgonzola, with heavy frost, fog and temperatures almost always negative or around the 0.
However the most common "frost days" (approximately 100 per year), where thermometers registered negative values, including in a period from late November to early April; rare (but not impossible) frost in October or April.
Summers are very hot and humid, sultry and very poorly ventilated as throughout the Po Valley, but affected by very strong storms, destructive and often accompanied by lightning, hail, strong winds, and in some cases some whirlwind. Even in midsummer they are then possible on very fresh around 12 ° / 15 ° (related to deterioration from the west) that attenuate the heat, in fact, the months between June and August are quite rainy. These storms are very common especially in the month of July and are so powerful as to be able to lower the temperature even of 10-15 ° in one hour and to maintain it for this even for 24 hours.
Overall, rainfall in Gorgonzola are very abundant and relatively well distributed throughout the year even though the winter season records relatively long periods without rain with a low of about 68 mm in January: are the most rainy seasons and especially the intermediate May and October.
Snow falls from November to March and often accumulations can be substantial (there have been many times 30/40 cm of snow, although the average accumulations per event is around 10 cm); total episodes of snow in a year are never more than ten.
The humidity is present throughout the year especially in the winter months and during the night. Nevertheless, the days of rains gradually become less frequent (as well as the phenomenon of fog), even though the total annual rainfall have not changed very much. The mists are favored both by the clear skies, which allows cooling from radiation, both from the soil surface moist, ventilation absent from typical of the Po Valley and western special configurations baric winter as regimes altopressori that this time of year tend to occur with some frequency.
|Climate data for Gorgonzola|
|Average high °C (°F)||0.0
|Average low °C (°F)||−8.4
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||68.6
|Average precipitation days||7.0||7.0||8.7||15.1||22.2||12.6||7.8||7.6||22.1||14.3||9.4||6.8||74.3|
|Source: World Meteorological Organization (UN)|
1,467 in 1751 1,726 in 1771 2,205 in 1805 2660 after annexation of Sant'Agata in 1809 4113 in 1853 4220 in 1859
Population census 
The resident population in Gorgonzola to Census 2011, detected on Oct. 9, 2011, was 19,402 people, while the municipal Registries, at the same date, there were 19,826, calculated by recording the changes in personal data annual population since Census 2001. Then, the date of the last census, in the municipality of Gorgonzola, there was a negative difference between the registered population and population registry amounted to 424 units (-2.14%).
Ethnic minorities and foreign
Foreigners residing in Gorgonzola 1 January 2011 1753 and represents 8.9% of the resident population. The largest communities in the city are: Pos. Nationality Population Percentage Romania 1 368 21.1% 2 Peru 152 8.7% Philippines 3 145 8.3% Egypt 4 140 8.0% 5 Albania 129 7.4% Ecuador 6 119 6.8% 7 Morocco 103 5.9% Ukraine 8 80 4.6%
Luca Castellazzi, footballer of Turin Anacleto Cazzaniga, Archbishop of Urbino, former provost of Gorgonzola Camillo Ripamonti, senator and minister of the Republic
In 2008 the companies surveyed in the municipality are in 1223 for a total of 4770 employees. Of these 215 to 1,461 employees belong to the sector of industry; 296 to 688 employees in the commerce sector; 474 to 2,233 workers to the sector services.
Infrastructure and transport
The municipality of Gorgonzola is crossed by the line M2 (green) of the Milan subway and is served by three stations:
Villa Pompea located in Piazza Marzabotto Gorgonzola located in Europe Square Cascina Antonietta located in Via Sondrio
From the station of Gorgonzola (Europe Square) leave the following buses:
Z315 Gorgonzola M2 - Vimercate Z403 Gorgonzola Gorgonzola M2-M2-Melzo Z419 Paullo-Melzo-Gorgonzola M2
Ranked # 1 URBAN LINE
Monday to Friday: 6:15 to 6:35 - 7:03 to 7:30 - 7:57 to 8:27 - 9:00 to 9:35 - 9:58 to 10:26 - 11:13 to 11:37 - 12:15 to 14:25 - 15:05 to 15:37 - 17:34 to 17:58 - 18:27 to 18:55 - 19:18 to 19:41 Saturday: 7:25 to 7:45 - 8:15 to 8:45 - 9:15 to 9:44 - 10:44 to 11:10 - 11:45 to 12:15
For more information visit the website of the City: http://www.comune.gorgonzola.mi.it/
Period First Citizen Party Upload Notes 1946 1980 Sen. Camillo Ripamonti Christian Democratic Mayor 1980 1990 Mario Villa Christian Democratic Mayor 1990 1995 Osvaldo Valais Christian Democratic Mayor 1995 1998 Ernestino Mantegazza LN Mayor 1998 1998 Michele Tortora Prefectural Commissioner 1998 2008 Stephen Lampertico PD Mayor 2008 2013 Walter Baldi PDL - LN Mayor 2013 2013 Simona Pesole Prefectural Commissioner 2013 charging Angelo Stucchi PD Mayor
In Chapter XVI of The Betrothed by Alessandro Manzoni said that Renzo, fleeing from Milan (where he was involved in a riot and risked imprisonment) and directed in Bergamo, stop for lunch in an inn of Gorgonzola.
Giuseppe Parini as a tutor in 1762, a guest of villa Serbelloni along the Martesana Gorgonzola, came to the defense of the daughter of musician Sammartini, slapped by the duchess in a moment of anger. The episode gave inspiration to one of the famous steps of the Day. 
The city is also famous for being the birthplace, and the name, the famous cheese with mold. In fact, the area has always been used for the breeding of dairy cows and for the production of the cheese, in particular soft cheese. In this regard there are documents in the state of Milan that prove the presence of these cattle, sheep and cows, periodically surveyed and took the Empress Maria Theresa of Austria, who, in one of his proclamations declared that the areas east of the state of Milan would continue in the cultivation of meadows for the breeding of dairy cows to be used in the production of cheese.
A Gorgonzola surrendered to the American tanks, April 30, 1945, the last units of the remnants of the 29th division of the SS Italian.
Churches Provost of Saints Gervasio and Protasio
The main city church is dedicated to Saints Gervasio and Protasio, and was completely rebuilt in the nineteenth century in the neoclassical style by Simone Cantoni for the Duke Serbelloni. Sanctuary of Our Lady of Help
Formerly dedicated to St. Peter, part of an ancient convent of the Humiliated, religious architecture is the city's oldest. Was later dedicated to Our Lady of Help as the Bishop of Bobbio, who spent his own holidays in Gorgonzola (so tells the oral tradition), he took the painting current that is placed above the main altar: the reproduction of the Madonna venerated in a large sanctuary right in Bobbio. The fine marble altar is of the seventeenth century, and there is a Via Crucis of valuable wood. As a reminder of past centuries remains only a faded picture where you can read "St. Jacob", known as the protector of the cloistered Servite. In the past the church was an eighteenth-century pipe organ built by the brothers smaller Church placed in the choir loft above the main door. Giovanni Bianchi
Surely one of the most important personalities of Gorgonzola, which exalted the name of the village on the banks of the Martesana, but that today is unknown to most people, is Giovanni Bianchi, 1758 - 1829, choirmaster of the Church of Sts. Mm. Protaso and Gervase, master of musical body of the city, organist and innovator of the snake, musical instrument imported from France. Under the auspices of Serbelloni, local lords, lived in Paris and there he met the serpent, musical instrument born in the sixteenth century. The nineteenth-century local historian Damiano Muoni says about the musician: "Giovanni Bianchi from Gorgonzola, which protected from Serbelloni, was in Paris, and he heard of novissimo istromento" serpent ", perfected it, introduced him to principare of the century, between us, and it sounded distinatamente at major theaters. " This composer gorgonzolese know just dates of birth and death and burial is still the tombstone in the cemetery of Gorgonzola.
The main volleyball team is the US Volleyball Argentia, which currently plays in Serie B2; in society, in addition to this team, there is also the C series female. A youthful levels there are teams of all ages; from under 18 to the Under 13 women, and the same for the men's youth teams.
The main football club is however the Sports Association Giana Erminio, better known as Giana Erminio, which, after having played for 104 years between the third category and Excellence, in 2013 he got his first historic promotion to Serie D from 2013 to 2014 and After one year spent in the championship, he has gained access to the Pro League 2014-2015. The home ground of Giana Erminio (as well as the main pitch of the city) is the Stadium Municipal City of Gorgonzola, in Via Milano.
Another company present in Gorgonzola is the POL Argentia, whose first team plays in the second category.
A Gorgonzola also operate the Argentia New Basketball that from 1967 boasts a youth for quality throughout the region, also famous Shotokan Karate Argentia and ASD Gorgonzola Cycling.
In the town there is also the Group Podistico Gorgonzola, which organizes the races known as Running Gipigiata. Festivals and fairs
Festival of Gorgonzola: every September St. Catherine's Fair: to coincide with the feast of St. Catherine of Alexandria is celebrated every year on November 25. Usually the celebrations referring to the last Sunday in November. Fair Taste of Italy: 18 to 19 May (dates may vary)
- Ambert, France, since 2003. Both towns, known for their blue cow's-milk cheeses (Fourme d'Ambert and Gorgonzola cheese), have almost the same latitude: 45° 33' N for Ambert, 45° 32' N for Gorgonzola.
- Annweiler am Trifels, Germany, since September 2008.
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