|Città di Gorgonzola|
Night view of the Naviglio Martesana canal in Gorgonzola.
|Metropolitan city||Milan (MI)|
|• Mayor||Angelo Stucchi|
|• Total||10.58 km2 (4.08 sq mi)|
|Elevation||133 m (436 ft)|
|• Density||1,900/km2 (5,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
Gorgonzola (Lombard: Gorgonzoeula [ɡurɡũˈzøːla]) is an Italian town of c. 20,000 inhabitants in the Metropolitan City of Milan, Lombardy. It is part of the territory of the Martesana, north-east of Milan.
The town gives its name to the famous cheese gorgonzola.
- 1 History
- 2 Weather
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Persons linked to Gorgonzola
- 5 Economy
- 6 Transport
- 7 Administration
- 8 Curiosities
- 9 Cheese
- 10 Twin towns
- 11 See also
- 12 Notes
The first written records mentioning the village of Gorgonzola back to the tenth century: it seems that the notary clerk of the convent of Saint Ambrose in Milan was the caretaker of the church of Saints Gervasio and Protasio in "Gorgontiola".
In 453 the church, located in the current suburb of Gorgonzola, was attacked by the Huns who destroyed the nearby Roman town of Argentia, making the small village, formed earlier by one "mutatio" (station for changing horses) become the most densely populated of the surrounding territories.
In the thirteenth century it belonged directly to Milanese family of the Della Torre, before these were ousted by the Visconti.
In 1288, Gorgonzola is cited as one of the most important churches of the diocese of Milan and, in 1510 appears for the first time on a document, with its current name.
Inn 1176 it joins the Lombard League and, in 1245 - during clashes that followed the Peace of Constance in 1183 and which involved the heirs of Frederick Barbarossa - during the assault by Frederick II to the ramparts of Milan, the forces of Lombardy had to hold up in Gorgonzola: there were clashes amongst them and commanders of both sides were captured by their respective enemies. Towards the end of the 18th century, the town became politically significant for the area around Milan, specifically the 12th district of Lombardy and it was vested with the power to administer 33 neighboring towns. By the time of the Italian unification in 1861, Gorgonzola was in charge of administering only nineteen of these, including one that was larger than itself: "Cernusco sul Naviglio". In 1861 the aggregate population of this area was 28,496 people, only 4,320 of whom lived in Gorgonzola itself. [source: G. Perego, Gorgonzola: Tre secoli della nostra storia (Comune di Gorgonzola, ed.) (Modulinpianti, Grezzago 2002) p. 50]
For a long time it was thought that the name derived from the Latin Gorgonzola "Curte Argentia" which seems to indicate a settlement near the Roman town of Argentia, situated between Milan and Bergamo, or, according to other interpretations, a place for the horses at the 14th mile on the road towards Bergamo; over time the name would undergo the change in Curt-Argentia, Cort-argentiola and finally Gorgonzola. A more recent is the one that takes the name derived from the goddess Concordia, then transformed into Corcondiola and finally in Gorgonzola.
Villages and Places
The town of Gorgonzola has fraction Riva where is the station MM2 Villa Pompea, and also in 4 locations that are: Production Location (9 inhabitants), Cascina Mugnaga (22 inhabitants), Cascina Vergani (21 inhabitants), Cascina new (34 inhabitants ).
Gorgonzola is located in the west of the basin of the Po Valley, and this position gives it (the sea is far away) a continental climate.
Winters are cold in Gorgonzola, with heavy frost, fog and temperatures almost always negative or around the 0.
However the most common "frost days" (approximately 100 per year), where thermometers registered negative values, including in a period from late November to early April; rare (but not impossible) frost in October or April.
Summers are very hot and humid, sultry and very poorly ventilated as throughout the Po Valley, but affected by very strong storms, destructive and often accompanied by lightning, hail, strong winds, and in some cases some whirlwind. Even in midsummer they are then possible on very fresh around 12 ° / 15 ° (related to deterioration from the west) that attenuate the heat, in fact, the months between June and August are quite rainy. These storms are very common especially in the month of July and are so powerful as to be able to lower the temperature even of 10-15 ° in one hour and to maintain it for this even for 24 hours.
Overall, rainfall in Gorgonzola are very abundant and relatively well distributed throughout the year even though the winter season records relatively long periods without rain with a low of about 68 mm in January: are the most rainy seasons and especially the intermediate May and October.
Snow falls from November to March and often accumulations can be substantial (there have been many times 30/40 cm of snow, although the average accumulations per event is around 10 cm); total episodes of snow in a year are never more than ten.
The humidity is present throughout the year especially in the winter months and during the night. Nevertheless, the days of rains gradually become less frequent (as well as the phenomenon of fog), even though the total annual rainfall have not changed very much. The mists are favored both by the clear skies, which allows cooling from radiation, both from the soil surface moist, ventilation absent from typical of the Po Valley and western special configurations baric winter as regimes altopressori that this time of year tend to occur with some frequency.
According to the 2011 Census, the population of Gorgonzola amounts to 19,402 people, including 1,753 foreigners (8.9%).
Residents in the past:
1,467 in 1751 1,726 in 1771 2,205 in 1805 2660 after annexation of Sant'Agata in 1809 4113 in 1853 4220 in 1859
- Luca Castellazzi, footballer of Turin
- Anacleto Cazzaniga, Archbishop of Urbino, former provost of Gorgonzola
- Camillo Ripamonti, senator and minister of the Republic
- Medusa, Greek mythological monster
In 2008 the companies surveyed in the municipality are in 1223 for a total of 4770 employees. Of these 215 to 1,461 employees belong to the sector of industry; 296 to 688 employees in the commerce sector; 474 to 2,233 workers to the sector services.
The municipality of Gorgonzola is served by the line M2 (green) of the Milanese subway with three stops: Villa Pompea (Piazza Marzabotto), Gorgonzola (Piazza Europa) and Cascina Antonietta (Via Sondrio).
The Gorgonzola stop (Piazza Europa) is also served by the following buses:
Z315: Gorgonzola M2 - Vimercate Z403: Gorgonzola M2 - Melzo - Gorgonzola M2 (circular) Z419: Gorgonzola M2 - Melzo - Paullo
|2008||2013||Walter Baldi||PDL - LN|
In Chapter XVI of The Betrothed by Alessandro Manzoni said that Renzo, fleeing from Milan (where he was involved in a riot and risked imprisonment) and directed in Bergamo, stop for lunch in an inn of Gorgonzola.
Giuseppe Parini as a tutor in 1762, a guest of villa Serbelloni along the Martesana Gorgonzola, came to the defense of the daughter of musician Sammartini, slapped by the duchess in a moment of anger. The episode gave inspiration to one of the famous steps of the Day.
The city is also famous for being the birthplace, and the name, the famous cheese with mold. In fact, the area has always been used for the breeding of dairy cows and for the production of the cheese, in particular soft cheese. In this regard there are documents in the state of Milan that prove the presence of these cattle, sheep and cows, periodically surveyed and took the Empress Maria Theresa of Austria, who, in one of his proclamations declared that the areas east of the state of Milan would continue in the cultivation of meadows for the breeding of dairy cows to be used in the production of cheese. Gorgonzola surrendered to the American tanks on April 30, 1945, the last units of the remnants of the 29th division of the SS Italian.
Provost of Saints Gervasio and Protasio
The main city church is dedicated to Saints Gervasio and Protasio, and was completely rebuilt in the nineteenth century in the neoclassical style by Simone Cantoni for the Duke Serbelloni.
Sanctuary of Our Lady of Help
Formerly dedicated to St. Peter, part of an ancient convent of the Humiliated, religious architecture is the city's oldest. Was later dedicated to Our Lady of Help as the Bishop of Bobbio, who spent his own holidays in Gorgonzola (so tells the oral tradition), he took the painting current that is placed above the main altar: the reproduction of the Madonna venerated in a large sanctuary right in Bobbio. The fine marble altar is of the seventeenth century, and there is a Via Crucis of valuable wood. As a reminder of past centuries remains only a faded picture where you can read "St. Jacob", known as the protector of the cloistered Servite. In the past the church was an eighteenth-century pipe organ built by the brothers smaller Church placed in the choir loft above the main door.
Surely one of the most important personalities of Gorgonzola, which exalted the name of the village on the banks of the Martesana, but that today is unknown to most people, is Giovanni Bianchi, 1758 - 1829, choirmaster of the Church of Sts. Mm. Protaso and Gervase, master of musical body of the city, organist and innovator of the snake, musical instrument imported from France. Under the auspices of Serbelloni, local lords, lived in Paris and there he met the serpent, musical instrument born in the sixteenth century. The nineteenth-century local historian Damiano Muoni says about the musician: "Giovanni Bianchi from Gorgonzola, which protected from Serbelloni, was in Paris, and he heard of novissimo istromento" serpent ", perfected it, introduced him to principare of the century, between us, and it sounded distinatamente at major theaters. " This composer gorgonzolese know just dates of birth and death and burial is still the tombstone in the cemetery of Gorgonzola.
The main volleyball team is US Volleyball Argentia whose male team currently plays in Serie B2, while the ladies play in Serie C. The club has teams of all ages from Under 13 to Under 18, both for men and women.
The main football club is Giana Erminio, which, after having played for 104 years between the third category and Excellence, in 2013 got its first historic promotion to Serie D from 2013 to 2014 and after one year spent in the championship, gained access to the Pro League 2014-2015. The home ground of Giana Erminio (as well as the main ground in the city) is the Municipal Stadium of the City of Gorgonzola, situated on Via Milano.
Another football club is POL Argentia whose first team plays in the second category
Other sports clubs in Gorgonzola include Argentia New Basketball, Shotokan Karate Argentia, and ASD Gorgonzola Cycling.
In the town there is also the Group Podistico Gorgonzola, which organises the races known as Running Gipigiata.
Festivals and fairs
- Festival of Gorgonzola: every September
- St. Catherine's Fair: to coincide with the feast of St. Catherine of Alexandria is celebrated every year on November 25. Usually the celebrations referring to the last Sunday in November.
- Fair Taste of Italy: 18 to 19 May (dates may vary)
- Ambert, France, since 2003. Both towns, known for their blue cow's-milk cheeses (Fourme d'Ambert and Gorgonzola cheese), have almost the same latitude: 45° 33' N for Ambert, 45° 32' N for Gorgonzola.
- Annweiler am Trifels, Germany, since September 2008.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gorgonzola.|
- "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
- "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
- Data from Istat
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2005-03-27. Retrieved 2007-02-19.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- The birthplace of Gorgonzola. Maybe. | csmonitor.com