|Born||21 February 1879
|Died||21 September 1971
|Allegiance||Kingdom of Italy|
|Service/branch||Royal Italian Army|
|Years of service||1924-1945|
|Commands held||Chief of Staff for the Colonial Troops in Africa
Vice-Governor of Cyrenaica
Governor of Harar
Governor of Shewa
Vice-Governor of Italian East Africa
|Awards|| Colonial Order of the Star of Italy
Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus
Military Order of Savoia
Order of Vittorio Veneto
Silver Medal of Military Valor (4 times)
Military Career Medal (10 years)
Commemorative Medal World War I 1915 - 18 (4 years of campaign)
Commemorative Medal to the Italian Unity
Commemorative Medal to the Allied Victory
|Other work||UN Commissar for Somalia|
Guglielmo Ciro Nasi (21 February 1879 – 21 September 1971) was an Italian General who fought in Italian East Africa during World War II. He was also (acting) Viceroy and Governor-General of Africa Orientale Italiana in 1941.
In 1928, Nasi was sent to the Italian colonies as Chief-of-Staff for the Colonial Troops and was Vice-Governor of Cyrenaica in 1934-1935, Governor of Harar from 1936–1939, and Governor of Shewa in 1939-1940. He also served as a Vice-Governor of Italian East Africa from 1939. Nasi promoted a moral reformation of the military and civil administration and he showed notable skills in dealing with indigenous chiefs.
In April 1936, during the Second Italo-Abyssinian War, Nasi commanded the left column of three columns during Generale Rodolfo Graziani′s advance on the southern front. Most of Nasi's troops were Libyans.
After the beginning of World War II, Nasi led the Italian conquest of British Somaliland in August 1940. He successfully invaded British Somaliland and, with the advantage of air cover and tanks, forced the defending British and Commonwealth forces to evacuate by sea to Aden.
In early 1941, during the British counter-offensive, Nasi was forced to retreat to the stronghold of Gondar.
During the East African Campaign, Nasi led the last stand of an Italian garrison in East Africa. On 6 July, after Duke Amedeo of Aosta and Generale Pietro Gazzera surrendered, Nasi became the acting Viceroy and Governor-General of Italian East Africa. While he held out long after other Italian strongholds had fallen, Nasi finally surrendered his stronghold of Gondar on 28 November 1941.
Although Nasi was listed as a war criminal by the post-war Ethiopian government, Italian historian Angelo Del Boca, usually very severe in judging the behaviour of Italian army in the colonies, considers him the best officer of the Italian Royal Army (Regio Esercito) in East Africa. Solomon Getahun supports this view of Nasi, noting that his behavior towards the inhabitants of Gondar and the adjoining territories helped him to sustain the fight against both British and Ethiopian forces as long as he did. Near Gondar a mount is still named Mount Nasi.
- Second Italo-Abyssinian War
- East African Campaign (World War II)
- Italian conquest of British Somaliland
- Battle of Gondar
- Solomon Getamun, History of the City of Gondar (Africa World Press, 2005), pp. 38f
|(acting) Viceroy and Governor-General
of Italian East Africa
6 July 1941-27 November 1941
|Vice-Goveronr of Cyrenaica (honorary)
June 1934-April 1935