Gustave-Claude-Etienne Courtois

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Gustave Courtois
Courtois, painting by Pascal Dagnan-Bouveret, 1884
Gustave-Claude-Étienne Courtois

(1852-05-18)May 18, 1852
DiedNovember 23, 1923(1923-11-23) (aged 71)

Gustave-Claude-Étienne Courtois, also known as Gustave Courtois (French: [ɡystav kuʁtwa]; 18 May 1852 in Pusey, Haute-Saône – 23 November 1923 in Neuilly-sur-Seine)[1] was a French painter, a representative of the academic style of art.


Gustave Courtois in his studio (Pascal Dagnan-Bouveret, 1880)
Gustave Courtois, Madame Gautreau, 1891 (compare to John Singer Sargent's 1884 Portrait of Madame X)

Courtois was born 18 May 1852 in Pusey, Haute-Saône, France to an unwed mother who was devoted to him. Early in life, Courtois revealed an interest in art and entered the École municipale de dessin in Vesoul (Franche-Comté). His drawings were shown to Jean-Léon Gérôme, and in 1869, Gérôme encouraged Courtois to enter the École nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts in Paris. Through his life, Courtois was in close friendship with fellow student Pascal Dagnan-Bouveret, together with whom he maintained a fashionable studio in Neuilly-sur-Seine from the 1880s.[2]

He taught painting at Académie de la Grande Chaumière, Académie Colarossi, Paris,[3] where Harriet Campbell Foss,[4] Georges d'Espagnat [fr],[5] Eva Bonnier, Emma Cheves Wilkins, and Dora Hitz were students.

Courtois exhibited at the Salon de Paris, receiving a third-place medal in 1878 and a second-place medal in 1880. He was awarded a gold medal at the Exposition Universelle in 1889 and exhibited at the Salon de la Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts from 1911 to 1914.[citation needed]

His paintings can be seen in the art galleries of Besançon, Marseille, Bordeaux, and Luxembourg.[citation needed] He was a Chevalier of the Legion of Honor.[citation needed] Among his students were Willard Dryden Paddock, Mary Rose Hill Burton, and Sara Page.[citation needed]

Gustave Courtois was a close friend of the Finnish artist Albert Edelfelt. They lived in the same studio building in Paris, socialized daily, shared many artistic ideals and supported each other in their work.[6]

Young Florentin Playing with Cats


  1. ^ [ Archives des Hauts de Seine, commune de Neuilly-sur-Seine, acte de décès #610.
  2. ^ "Underpaintings: January 2009". 2009-01-17. Retrieved 2010-08-23.
  3. ^ T. F. Simon. "Académie Colarossi in Paris". Retrieved 2010-08-23.
  4. ^ Eleanor Tufts; National Museum of Women in the Arts (U.S.); International Exhibitions Foundation (1987). American women artists, 1830–1930. International Exhibitions Foundation for the National Museum of Women in the Arts. ISBN 978-0-940979-01-7.
  5. ^ Catherine Renoir. "Georges d'Espagnat-Renoir Fine Art". Archived from the original on 2010-11-30. Retrieved 2010-08-23.
  6. ^ Vainio-Kurtakko, Maria (2022). Ett gott parti : Scener ur Ellan de la Chapelles och Albert Edelfelts liv (in Swedish). Svenska litteratursällskapet i Finland. ISBN 978-951-583-557-4.


  • Robert Fernier. Gustave Courtois: 1852-1923, 1943.
  • Gabriel P. Weisberg. Against the Modern: Dagnan-Bouveret and the Transformation of the Academic Tradition, 2002.

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