Neuilly-sur-Seine

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Neuilly-sur-Seine
Neuilly-sur-Seine Town Hall
Neuilly-sur-Seine Town Hall
Coat of arms of Neuilly-sur-Seine
Location (in red) within Paris inner suburbs
Location (in red) within Paris inner suburbs
Location of Neuilly-sur-Seine
Neuilly-sur-Seine is located in France
Neuilly-sur-Seine
Neuilly-sur-Seine
Neuilly-sur-Seine is located in Île-de-France (region)
Neuilly-sur-Seine
Neuilly-sur-Seine
Coordinates: 48°53′17″N 2°16′07″E / 48.8881°N 2.2686°E / 48.8881; 2.2686Coordinates: 48°53′17″N 2°16′07″E / 48.8881°N 2.2686°E / 48.8881; 2.2686
CountryFrance
RegionÎle-de-France
DepartmentHauts-de-Seine
ArrondissementNanterre
CantonNeuilly-sur-Seine
IntercommunalityGrand Paris
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Jean-Christophe Fromantin[1] (UDI)
Area
1
3.73 km2 (1.44 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2019)[2]
59,599
 • Density16,000/km2 (41,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
92051 /92200
Elevation27–39 m (89–128 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Neuilly-sur-Seine (French pronunciation: [nøji syʁ sɛn] (listen); literally 'Neuilly on Seine'), also known simply as Neuilly, is a commune in the department of Hauts-de-Seine in France, just west of Paris. Immediately adjacent to the city, the area is composed of mostly select residential neighbourhoods, as well as many corporate headquarters and a handful of foreign embassies. It is the wealthiest and most expensive suburb of Paris.[3][4]

Together with the 16th and 7th arrondissement of Paris, the town of Neuilly-sur-Seine forms the most affluent and prestigious residential area in the whole of France.[5] It has the 2nd highest average household income in France, at €112,504 per year (in 2020).[6]

History[edit]

Originally Pont de Neuilly was a small hamlet under the jurisdiction of Villiers, a larger settlement mentioned in medieval sources as early as 832 and now absorbed by the commune of Levallois-Perret. It was not until 1222 that the little settlement of Neuilly, established on the banks of the Seine, was mentioned for the first time in a charter of the Abbey of Saint-Denis: the name was recorded in Medieval Latin as Portus de Lulliaco, meaning "Port of Lulliacum". In 1224 another charter of Saint-Denis recorded the name as Lugniacum. In a sales contract dated 1266, the name was also recorded as Luingni.

In 1316, however, in a ruling of the parlement of Paris, the name was recorded as Nully, a different name from those recorded before. In a document dated 1376 the name was again recorded as Nulliacum (the Medieval Latin version of Nully). Then in the following centuries the name recorded alternated between Luny and Nully, and it is only after 1648 that the name was definitely set as Nully. The name spelt Neuilly after the French Academy standard of pronunciation of the ill as a y (see IPA at the top).

Various explanations and etymologies have been proposed to explain these discrepancies in the names of Neuilly recorded over the centuries. The original name of Neuilly may have been Lulliacum or Lugniacum, and that it was only later corrupted into Nulliacum / Nully. Some interpret Lulliacum or Lugniacum as meaning "estate of Lullius (or Lunius)", probably a Gallo-Roman landowner. This interpretation is based on the many placenames of France made up of the names of Gallo-Roman landowners and suffixed with the traditional placename suffix "-acum". Other researchers, however, object that it is unlikely that Neuilly owes its name to a Gallo-Roman patronym, because during the Roman occupation of Gaul the area of Neuilly was inside the large Forest of Rouvray, of which the Bois de Boulogne is all that remains today, and was probably not a settlement.

These researchers contend that it is only after the fall of the Roman Empire and the Germanic invasions that the area of Neuilly was deforested and settled. Thus, they think that the name Lulliacum or Lugniacum comes from the ancient Germanic word lund meaning "forest", akin to Old Norse lundr meaning "grove", to which the placename suffix "-acum" was added. The Old Norse word lundr has indeed left many placenames across Europe, such as the city of Lund in Sweden, the Forest of the Londe in Normandy, or the many English placenames containing "lound", "lownde", or "lund" in their name, or ending in "-land". This interesting theory, however, fails to explain why the "d" of lund is missing in Lulliacum or Lugniacum.

Concerning the discrepancy in names over the centuries, the most probable explanation is that the original name Lulliacum or Lugniacum was later corrupted into Nulliacum / Nully by inversion of the consonants, perhaps under the influence of an old Celtic word meaning "swampy land, boggy land" (as was the land around Neuilly-sur-Seine in ancient times) which is found in the name of many French places anciently covered with water, such as Noue, Noë, Nouan, Nohant, etc. Or perhaps the consonants were simply inverted under the influence of the many settlements of France called Neuilly (a frequent place name whose etymology is completely different from the special case of Neuilly-sur-Seine).

Until the French Revolution, the settlement was often referred to as Port-Neuilly, but at the creation of French communes in 1790 the "Port" was dropped and the newly born commune was named simply Neuilly.

On 1 January 1860, the city of Paris was enlarged by annexing neighbouring communes. On that occasion, a part of the territory of Neuilly-sur-Seine was annexed by the city of Paris, and forms now the neighbourhood of Ternes, in the 17th arrondissement of Paris.

On 11 January 1867, part of the territory of Neuilly-sur-Seine was detached and merged with a part of the territory of Clichy to create the commune of Levallois-Perret.

On 4 June 1878, the Synagogue de Neuilly was founded on Rue Ancelle, the oldest synagogue in the Paris suburbs.

On 2 May 1897, the commune name officially became Neuilly-sur-Seine (meaning "Neuilly upon Seine"), in order to distinguish it from the many communes of France also called Neuilly. Most people, however, continue to refer to Neuilly-sur-Seine as simply "Neuilly". During the 1900 Summer Olympics, it hosted the basque pelota events.[7]

The American Hospital of Paris was founded in 1906.

In 1919, the Treaty of Neuilly was signed with Bulgaria in Neuilly-sur-Seine to conclude its role in World War I.

In 1929, the Bois de Boulogne, which was hitherto divided between the communes of Neuilly-sur-Seine and Boulogne-Billancourt, was annexed in its entirety by the city of Paris.

Politics[edit]

Neuilly is one of most right-wing towns in France; regularly voting for the candidate of the traditional right in landslide margins. Former president Nicolas Sarkozy was once mayor of Neuilly. Amidst a poor national showing of 20%, Neuilly gave right-wing candidate François Fillon 65% of its vote in the first round of the 2017 presidential election.

Election Winning candidate Party %
2017 Emmanuel Macron EM 88.78
2012 Nicolas Sarkozy UMP 84.20
2007 Nicolas Sarkozy UMP 86.81
2002 Jacques Chirac RPR 88.57
1995 Jacques Chirac RPR 85.88
1981 Valéry Giscard d'Estaing UDF 79.29

Logos of the city council[edit]

Population[edit]

The population data in the table and graph below refer to the commune of Neuilly-sur-Seine proper, in its geography at the given years. The commune of Neuilly-sur-Seine ceded part of its territory to the new commune of Levallois-Perret in 1866.[8]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 2,477—    
1800 1,573−6.28%
1806 2,162+5.44%
1821 2,744+1.60%
1831 5,599+7.39%
1836 7,654+6.45%
1841 9,493+4.40%
1846 13,063+6.59%
1851 15,894+4.00%
1856 23,583+8.21%
1861 13,216−10.94%
1866 17,545+5.83%
1872 16,277−1.24%
1876 20,781+6.30%
1881 25,235+3.96%
1886 26,596+1.06%
1891 29,444+2.06%
1896 32,730+2.14%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901 37,493+2.75%
1906 41,145+1.88%
1911 44,616+1.63%
1921 51,590+1.46%
1926 52,433+0.32%
1931 53,491+0.40%
1936 56,938+1.26%
1946 60,172+0.55%
1954 66,095+1.18%
1962 72,773+1.21%
1968 70,995−0.41%
1975 65,983−1.04%
1982 64,170−0.40%
1990 61,768−0.48%
1999 59,848−0.35%
2007 60,454+0.13%
2012 62,021+0.51%
2017 60,361−0.54%
Source: EHESS[8] and INSEE (1968-2017)[9]

Main sites[edit]

It was the site of the Château de Neuilly, an important royal residence during the July Monarchy.

Transport[edit]

Neuilly-sur-Seine is served by three stations on Paris Métro Line 1: Porte Maillot (with a direct access to RER line C), Les Sablons and Pont de Neuilly.

RATP Bus service includes the lines 43, 73, 82, 93, 157, 158, 163, 164, 174 [1]

Night Bus lines include N11 and N24.

Economy[edit]

Located near France's main business district La Défense, Neuilly-sur-Seine also hosts several corporate headquarters: Bureau Veritas, Chanel, Marathon Media, JCDecaux,[10] Thales Group,[11] M6 Group, Sephora, PricewaterhouseCoopers France, Parfums Christian Dior (in 2019), Orangina France, Grant Thornton International France.

Education[edit]

Public schools in Neuilly:[12]

  • Eight écoles maternelles (preschools): Achille Peretti, Charcot, Dulud, Gorce-Franklin, Michelis, Poissoniers, Roule, Saussaye
  • Ten elementary schools: Charcot A, Charcot B, Gorce-Franklin, Huissiers, Poissoniers, Peretti, Michelis A, Michelis B, Saussaye A, and Saussaye B
  • Two lower secondary schools: Collège André Maurois and Collège Théophile Gautier.
  • Collège et Lycée Pasteur
  • Lycée Saint-James
  • Lycée professionnel Vassily kandinsky

Domestic private schools:[13]

  • École primaire Sainte-Croix
  • École primaire Sainte-Marie
  • École primaire Saint-Dominique
  • École Saint-Pierre / Saint Jean
  • Collège Saint-Pierre / Saint-Jean
  • Collège et Lycée Sainte-Croix
  • Collège et Lycée Sainte-Marie
  • Collège et Lycée Saint-Dominique
  • Lycée professionnel Georges Guérin

International private schools:[13]

Post-secondary:

Notable residents[edit]

Twin towns – sister cities[edit]

Neuilly-sur-Seine is twinned with:[16]

  • Germany Hanau, Germany (1964–2002)
  • Belgium Uccle, Belgium (from 1981)
  • United Kingdom Windsor, England, United Kingdom (from 1955)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les maires" (in French). data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises. 13 September 2022.
  2. ^ "Populations légales 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2021.
  3. ^ "Dans quelles communes paie-t-on le plus l'ISF?". Lefigaro.fr. 7 November 2017. Retrieved 25 March 2019.
  4. ^ "How Brexit has made a Paris suburb the most expensive place to buy property in France". Thelocal.fr. 29 October 2018. Retrieved 25 March 2019.
  5. ^ "Les 80 communes où se concentrent les plus hauts revenus". 22 August 2013.
  6. ^ "Les villes les plus riches de France". L'Internaute. Retrieved 23 September 2022.
  7. ^ Sports-reference.com Summer Olympics Paris 14 June 1900 men's basque pelota two-teams results., Sports-reference.com, Accessed 14 November 2010.
  8. ^ a b Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Neuilly-sur-Seine, EHESS. (in French)
  9. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  10. ^ "Legal disclaimer Archived 16 March 2014 at the Wayback Machine." [sic] JCDecaux. Retrieved on 28 September 2011. "[...]whose registered office is located at 17 rue Soyer, 92523 Neuilly-sur-Seine, Paris, France."
  11. ^ "Contact Us Archived 23 August 2009 at the Wayback Machine." Thales Group, Retrieved on 28 August 2009.
  12. ^ a b "Etablissements scolaires publics." Neuilly-sur-Seine. Retrieved on 2 May 2015.
  13. ^ a b c d "Etablissements scolaires privés." Neuilly-sur-Seine. Retrieved on 2 May 2015.
  14. ^ Fendelman, Helaine; Rosson, Joe (1 March 2013). "Treasures In Your Attic, A Decorative Metal Chest Dates 20th Century France". Newspapers.com. The Daily Journal (Vineland, New Jersey). p. B2. Retrieved 6 July 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  15. ^ "Prince Michel of Bourbon-Parma, European royal and Allied paratrooper, dies at 92". The Washington Post.
  16. ^ "Les vitrines des archives". neuillysurseine.fr (in French). Neuilly-sur-Seine. Retrieved 16 November 2019.

External links[edit]