Gyomaendrőd

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Gyomaendrőd
Town hall
Town hall
Coat of arms of Gyomaendrőd
Coat of arms
Gyomaendrőd is located in Hungary
Gyomaendrőd
Gyomaendrőd
Coordinates: 46°56′10″N 20°49′25″E / 46.93611°N 20.82361°E / 46.93611; 20.82361Coordinates: 46°56′10″N 20°49′25″E / 46.93611°N 20.82361°E / 46.93611; 20.82361
Country Hungary
CountyBékés
DistrictGyomaendrőd
Area
 • Total303.98 km2 (117.37 sq mi)
Population
(2011)
 • Total13,680
 • Density49.66/km2 (128.6/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
5500, 5502
Area code(+36) 66
Websitewww.gyomaendrod.hu
Spire of the Calvinist church

Gyomaendrőd is a town in Békés county, Hungary.

Name[edit]

Gyoma is an old Hungarian male given name,[1] while Endrőd means "belongs to Endre (Hungarian to Andrew)" or "property of Endre".

Geography[edit]

Gyomaendrőd is located in the Great Hungarian Plain upon the river Körös, 177 km (110 mi) southeast from Budapest. Highway 46, 443 and Budapest-Szolnok-Békéscsaba-Lökösháza high speed (120–160 km/h (75–99 mph)) railway line also cross the town.[2]

History[edit]

The smaller towns of Gyoma and Endrőd were united in 1982.[3] Gyoma was first mentioned in 1332, while Endrőd in 1416.[3] Medieval towns were ruined due to the Ottoman wars, native Hungarian population fled from the area.[4] It was uninhabited until the early 18th century, when Calvinist Hungarians reestablished Gyoma. Calvinist church was built from 1791 to 1813.[3] Gyoma was rebuilt by Roman Catholic Slovaks and Hungarians from Upper Hungary.[4] Slovaks adopted Hungarian language and assimilated into the Hungarian majority by the 19th century.[4] Lutheran Germans also settled in Gyoma in the early 19th century,[4] their church was built in 1862. In the 20th century Gyomaendrőd became a resort town, the government granted town rights in 1989.[3]

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census the total population of Gyomaendrőd was 13,680, of whom there were 11,547 (84.4%) Hungarians, 613 (4.5%) Romani and 163 (1.2%) Germans by ethnicity. 15.6% did not declare their ethnicity,[5] excluding these people Hungarians made up 100% of the total population. In Hungary people can declare more than one ethnicity, so some people declared a minority one along with Hungarian.[6][7]

In 2011 there were 3,458 (25.3%) Roman Catholic, 1,483 (10.8%) Hungarian Reformed (Calvinist) and 183 (1.3%) Lutheran in Gyomaendrőd. 4,644 people (34.0%) were irreligious and 170 (1.2%) Atheist, while 3,602 people (26.3%) did not declare their religion.[6]

Notable people[edit]

Sister cities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ János Ladó - Ágnes Bíró: Magyar utónévkönyv ("Book of Hungarian given names"), Vince Kiadó, Budapest, 2005, ISBN 963-9069-72-8
  2. ^ Magyarország autóatlasz, Dimap-Szarvas, Budapest, 2004, ISBN 963-03-7576-1
  3. ^ a b c d Gyomaendrőd, Tourinform Iroda Gyomaendrőd, 2010, p.33, pp.1-16
  4. ^ a b c d Károly Kocsis (DSc, University of Miskolc) – Zsolt Bottlik (PhD, Budapest University) – Patrik Tátrai: Etnikai térfolyamatok a Kárpát-medence határon túli régióiban, Magyar Tudományos Akadémia (Hungarian Academy of Sciences) – Földrajtudományi Kutatóintézet (Academy of Geographical Studies); Budapest; 2006.; ISBN 963-9545-10-4, CD Atlas
  5. ^ Gazetteer of Hungary / Gyomaendrőd
  6. ^ a b 2011 Hungarian census, Békés county
  7. ^ Hungarian census 2011 - final data and methodology

External links[edit]