HMCS Shediac (K110)
HMCS Shediac, 16 December 1944.
|Namesake:||Shediac, New Brunswick|
|Operator:||Royal Canadian Navy|
|Ordered:||22 January 1940|
|Builder:||Davie Shipbuilding & Repairing Co. Ltd., Lauzon, Quebec|
|Laid down:||5 October 1940|
|Launched:||29 April 1941|
|Commissioned:||8 July 1941|
|Decommissioned:||28 August 1945|
|Identification:||Pennant number: K110|
|Fate:||sold for civilian use in 1954 and scrapped in 1966.|
|Class & type:||Flower-class corvette (original)|
|Displacement:||925 long tons (940 t; 1,036 short tons)|
|Length:||205 ft (62.48 m)o/a|
|Beam:||33 ft (10.06 m)|
|Draught:||11.5 ft (3.51 m)|
|Speed:||16 knots (29.6 km/h)|
|Range:||3,500 nautical miles (6,482 km) at 12 knots (22.2 km/h)|
HMCS Shediac was a Flower-class corvette of the Royal Canadian Navy during the Second World War. She served primarily in the Battle of the Atlantic as a convoy escort. She was named after the town of Shediac, New Brunswick.
Flower-class corvettes like Shediac serving with the Royal Canadian Navy during the Second World War were different from earlier and more traditional sail-driven corvettes. The "corvette" designation was created by the French for classes of small warships; the Royal Navy borrowed the term for a period but discontinued its use in 1877. During the hurried preparations for war in the late 1930s, Winston Churchill reactivated the corvette class, needing a name for smaller ships used in an escort capacity, in this case based on a whaling ship design. The generic name "flower" was used to designate the class of these ships, which – in the Royal Navy – were named after flowering plants.
Corvettes commissioned by the Royal Canadian Navy during the Second World War were named after communities for the most part, to better represent the people who took part in building them. This idea was put forth by Admiral Percy W. Nelles. Sponsors were commonly associated with the community for which the ship was named. Royal Navy corvettes were designed as open sea escorts, while Canadian corvettes were developed for coastal auxiliary roles which was exemplified by their minesweeping gear. Eventually the Canadian corvettes would be modified to allow them to perform better on the open seas.
Shediac was ordered 22 January 1940 as part of the 1939-1940 Flower-class building program. She was laid down by Davie Shipbuilding & Repairing Co. Ltd. at Lauzon, Quebec on 5 October 1940 and launched on 29 April 1941. She was commissioned on 8 July 1941 at Quebec City.
During her career,Shediac two significant refits. The first took place from April to July 1943 at Liverpool, Nova Scotia. Her second major overhaul began in mid-June 1944 and lasted until mid-August, taking place at Vancouver, British Columbia. During this second refit, Shediac had her fo'c'sle extended.
After arriving at Halifax for deployment, Shediac was briefly assigned to Halifax Force. In October 1941, she joined Newfoundland Command, escorting convoys between St. John's and Iceland. Shediac participated in the battles for convoy SC 48, convoy SC 67 and convoy ON 92 before assignment to Mid-Ocean Escort Force (MOEF) group C1. Beginning in July 1942 Shediac was assigned to the Western Local Escort Force (WLEF). She returned to MOEF in October 1942.
With group C1, she participated in the battles for convoy ON 154 and convoy HX 222, and shared credit with HMCS St. Croix for destruction of U-87 during the battle for convoy KMS 10G. After returning from her first major refit, Shediac rejoined WLEF as a member of escort group W-8. She remained with this group until she transferred to the Pacific coast.
Trans-Atlantic convoys escorted
|SC 48||5-17 October 1941||Newfoundland to Iceland; 9 ships torpedoed & sunk|
|ON 27||23 October-2 November 1941||61 ships escorted without loss from Iceland to Newfoundland|
|SC 54||12-22 November 1941||70 ships escorted without loss from Newfoundland to Iceland|
|ON 40||30 November-4 December 1941||28 ships escorted without loss from Iceland to Newfoundland|
|SC 60||18-27 December 1941||22 ships escorted without loss from Newfoundland to Iceland|
|ON 52||5-11 January 1942||42 ships escorted without loss from Iceland to Newfoundland|
|SC 67||2-11 February 1942||Newfoundland to Iceland; 1 ship torpedoed & sunk|
|ON 66||18-25 February 1942||19 ships escorted without loss from Iceland to Newfoundland|
|HX 178||6-17 March 1942||22 ships escorted without loss from Newfoundland to Northern Ireland|
|ON 79||24 March-3 April 1942||29 ships escorted without loss from Northern Ireland to Newfoundland|
|HX 185||18-26 April 1942||33 ships escorted without loss from Newfoundland to Northern Ireland|
|ON 92||7-16 May 1942||Northern Ireland to Newfoundland; 7 ships torpedoed & sunk|
|ON 143||MOEF group C1||2-11 November 1942||26 ships escorted without loss from Northern Ireland to Newfoundland|
|SC 110||MOEF group C1||24 November-5 December 1942||33 ships escorted without loss from Halifax to Newfoundland|
|ON 154||MOEF group C1||19-30 December 1942||Northern Ireland to Newfoundland; 14 ships torpedoed (13 sunk)|
|HX 222||MOEF group C1||11-22 January 1943||Newfoundland to Northern Ireland; 1 ship torpedoed & sunk|
|KMS 10G||MOEF group C1||28 February-8 March 1943||Liverpool to Mediterranean Sea; 4 ships torpedoed (1 sunk)|
|MKS 9||MOEF group C1||8-18 March 1943||55 ships escorted without loss from Mediterranean to Liverpool|
|ONS 2||MOEF group C1||29 March-14 April 1943||31 ships escorted without loss from Northern Ireland to Newfoundland|
Shediac was paid off at Esquimalt 28 August 1945 upon the end of hostilities. She was sold for mercantile use as Dutch civilian Jooske W. Vinke in 1954. She was scrapped in 1966 in Santander, Spain.
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