HMS Sluys (D60)
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|Builder:||Cammell Laird & Co, Birkenhead|
|Laid down:||24 November 1943|
|Launched:||28 February 1945|
|Completed:||30 September 1946|
|Commissioned:||30 September 1946|
|Decommissioned:||1953 from Royal Navy|
|Identification:||Pennant number D60|
|Fate:||Sold to Iran|
|Acquired:||26 January 1967|
|Renamed:||Damavand in 1985|
|Fate:||non-operational since 1990|
|General characteristics (as built)|
|Class and type:||Battle-class destroyer|
|Beam:||45.5 feet (13.9 m)|
|Draught:||17.5 feet (5.3 m)|
|Propulsion:||2 steam turbines, 2 shafts, 2 boilers, 50,000 shp (37 MW)|
|Speed:||35.5 knots (65.7 km/h; 40.9 mph), 31 knots (57 km/h; 36 mph) sustained sea|
|Range:||3,000 miles (4,800 km) at 20 knots (37 km/h; 23 mph)|
HMS Sluys was a Battle-class destroyer of the Royal Navy (RN). She was named in honour of the Battle of Sluys which occurred in 1340 during the Hundred Years' War, and which resulted in a decisive English victory over a French fleet. Sluys was built by Cammell Laird of Birkenhead. She was launched on 28 February 1945 and commissioned on 30 September 1946. In 1967, the ship was transferred to Iran and renamed Artemiz. In 1985, the ship was renamed again, this time Damavand. The status of the ship is currently unknown.
Upon commission, Sluys joined the 1st Destroyer Flotilla, part of the Home Fleet, which was based in the UK. In 1947, Sluys, along with her sister-ship Cadiz, escorted the aircraft carrier Vengeance, which was flying the flag of the First Sea Lord, to Norway, where the small group made a variety of fly-the-flag visits to ports, as well as performing other duties.
In 1953, Sluys was decommissioned and subsequently placed in Reserve.
Transfer and sale to Iran
Sluys was sold to Iran in 1967 after a major rebuild by Vosper Thornycroft of Southampton that took three years to complete, completely changing her outline. This major refit the ship resulted in the ship having a fully enclosed bridge and a revised anti-aircraft fit of four single 40mm Bofors guns and a quadruple Sea Cat missile system. A new plated mainmast carried a Plessey AWS 1 long range search radar. This despite tensions between the UK and Iran during the 1960s, which was centred on tensions and disputes in the Middle East. Sluys was renamed Artemiz upon joining the Iranian Navy. After some time, the ship was awarded the pennant number 51.
On 30 November 1971, Artemiz took part in the Iranian occupation of the Tumb islands in the Strait of Hormuz. In 1975-76, Artemiz underwent another refit, this time taking place at Cape Town, South Africa. The destroyer received four Standard missile launchers with a launch capability of eight missiles.
After some years service with the Iranian Navy, Artemiz underwent another major refit, this time carried out by the Russians, and received amongst other things, a brand new Russian surface-to-air missile system to replace the British Sea Cat. However, she did keep her original 4.5-inch Mk 4 turrets, albeit with an updated radar and fire control system. The ship was renamed Damavand and also received two Soviet-made twin 23 mm/80 anti-aircraft guns. It is reported that she remained in service into the 1990s, an astonishing service life, considering that by then, Damavand was very antiquated.
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- Gardiner, Robert; Chumbley, Stephen; Budzbon, Przemysław, eds. (1995). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1947-1995. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-132-7.
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