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Classification and external resources
Specialty gynaecology
ICD-10 N89.7
ICD-9-CM 626.8

Hematocolpos is a medical condition in which the vagina fills with menstrual blood. It is often caused by the combination of menstruation with an imperforate hymen.[1][2] It is sometimes seen in Robinow syndrome, uterus didelphys, or other congenital conditions.

A related disorder is hematometra, where the uterus fills with menstrual blood. It presents after puberty as primary amenorrhoea, recurrent pelvic pain with a pelvic mass. This can be caused by a congenital stenosis of the cervix, or by a complication of a surgical treatment.[3]




It is generally treated surgically, with a hymenotomy or other surgery to remove any tissue that blocks the menstrual flow.


  1. ^ Kloss, Brian T.; Nacca, Nicholas E.; Cantor, Richard M. (6 May 2010). "Hematocolpos secondary to imperforate hymen". International Journal of Emergency Medicine. 3 (4): 481–482. PMC 3047835Freely accessible. PMID 21373333. doi:10.1007/s12245-010-0171-2. 
  2. ^ TOMPKINS, PENDLETON (2 September 1939). "THE TREATMENT OF IMPERFORATE HYMEN WITH HEMATOCOLPOS". Journal of the American Medical Association. 113 (10): 913–916. doi:10.1001/jama.1939.02800350023007. 
  3. ^ Verma, SK; Baltarowich, OH; Lev-Toaff, AS; Mitchell, DG; Verma, M; Batzer, F (Jul 2009). "Hematocolpos secondary to acquired vaginal scarring after radiation therapy for colorectal carcinoma." (PDF). Journal of ultrasound in medicine : official journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine. 28 (7): 949–53. PMID 19546336.