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Hematocolpos is a medical condition in which the vagina fills with menstrual blood. It is often caused by the combination of menstruation with an imperforate hymen. It is sometimes seen in Robinow syndrome, uterus didelphys, or other congenital conditions.
A related disorder is hematometra, where the uterus fills with menstrual blood. It presents after puberty as primary amenorrhoea, recurrent pelvic pain with a pelvic mass. This can be caused by a congenital stenosis of the cervix, or by a complication of a surgical treatment.
It is generally treated surgically, with a hymenotomy or other surgery to remove any tissue that blocks the menstrual flow.
- Kloss, Brian T.; Nacca, Nicholas E.; Cantor, Richard M. (6 May 2010). "Hematocolpos secondary to imperforate hymen". International Journal of Emergency Medicine. 3 (4): 481–482. doi:10.1007/s12245-010-0171-2. PMC . PMID 21373333.
- TOMPKINS, PENDLETON (2 September 1939). "THE TREATMENT OF IMPERFORATE HYMEN WITH HEMATOCOLPOS". Journal of the American Medical Association. 113 (10): 913–916. doi:10.1001/jama.1939.02800350023007.
- Verma, SK; Baltarowich, OH; Lev-Toaff, AS; Mitchell, DG; Verma, M; Batzer, F (Jul 2009). "Hematocolpos secondary to acquired vaginal scarring after radiation therapy for colorectal carcinoma." (PDF). Journal of ultrasound in medicine : official journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine. 28 (7): 949–53. PMID 19546336.
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