Hale Center, Texas

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Hale Center, Texas
Grain elevator in Hale Center
Grain elevator in Hale Center
Map of Texas
Map of Texas
Hale Center
Coordinates: 34°03′51″N 101°50′38″W / 34.06417°N 101.84389°W / 34.06417; -101.84389Coordinates: 34°03′51″N 101°50′38″W / 34.06417°N 101.84389°W / 34.06417; -101.84389[1]
Country United States
State Texas
CountyHale
RegionLlano Estacado
Established1893
Area
 • Total1.44 sq mi (3.72 km2)
 • Land1.44 sq mi (3.72 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation3,419 ft (1,042 m)
Population
 • Total2,252
 • Estimate 
(2019)[4]
2,054
 • Density1,429.37/sq mi (552.04/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
ZIP code
79041
Area code806
FIPS code48-31820
Websitewww.cityofhalecenter.com

Hale Center is a city in Hale County, Texas. The population was 2,252 at the 2010 census.[5]

Geography[edit]

Hale Center lies on the high plains of the Llano Estacado at the intersection of Interstate 27 and Farm to Market Road 1914, in central Hale County. The community is located 11 mi (18 km) to the southwest of the county seat of Plainview and about 33 mi (53 km) north of Lubbock.

Hale Center is located at 34°03′51″N 101°50′38″W / 34.06417°N 101.84389°W / 34.06417; -101.84389 (34.0642436 –101.8437866).[1]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.1 square miles (2.8 km2), all land.

Climate[edit]

According to the Köppen climate classification system, Hale Center has a semiarid climate, BSk on climate maps.[6]

History[edit]

Hale Center was founded in 1893 with the merger of two rival communities, Hale City and Epworth, both founded in 1891.[7] Residents moved buildings to the new site. The new post office was named for the fact that the community is at the center of the county.[7]

A tornado destroyed downtown Hale Center on June 2, 1965, including many businesses, city hall, and the fire station. Casualties included five dead and 60 injured, with $8 million in property damage.[8]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
19301,007
1940836−17.0%
19501,62694.5%
19602,19635.1%
19701,964−10.6%
19802,29717.0%
19902,067−10.0%
20002,2639.5%
20102,252−0.5%
2019 (est.)2,054[4]−8.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]

2020 census[edit]

Hale Center racial composition[10]
(NH = Non-Hispanic)[a]
Race Number Percentage
White (NH) 595 28.86%
Black or African American (NH) 29 1.41%
Native American or Alaska Native (NH) 9 0.44%
Asian (NH) 5 0.24%
Pacific Islander (NH) 1 0.05%
Some Other Race (NH) 3 0.15%
Mixed/Multi-Racial (NH) 49 2.38%
Hispanic or Latino 1,371 66.49%
Total 2,062

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 2,062 people, 791 households, and 529 families residing in the city.

2010 census[edit]

At the 2010 census,[13] 2,252 people, 763 households and 568 families resided in the city. The population density was 2,047.3 per square mile (804.3/km2). The 867 housing units averaged 788.2 per square mile (309.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 69.9% White, 4.2% African American, 0.7% Native American, 0.0% Asian, 0.1% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 63.2% of the population.

Of the 763 households, 34.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.5% were married couples living together, 14.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.6% were not families. About 22.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.9 and the average family size was 3.41.

The population was distributed as 31.0% under the age of 18, 53.8% aged 18–64 years old, and 15.2% were 65 years of age and older. The median age was 33.9 years. The population is 48.5% male, and 51.5% female. The median household income was $30,337. The poverty rate was 25.7%.

Education[edit]

Hale Center is served by the Hale Center Independent School District and is home to the Hale Center Owls.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Hale Center". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior.
  2. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  4. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  5. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Hale Center city, Texas". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved February 1, 2018.
  6. ^ Climate Summary for Hale Center, Texas
  7. ^ a b Cox, Mary L. "Hale Center, TX". Handbook of Texas Online. Retrieved April 27, 2013.
  8. ^ "TSHA | Hale Center, TX".
  9. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  10. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2022-05-20.
  11. ^ https://www.census.gov/[not specific enough to verify]
  12. ^ "About the Hispanic Population and its Origin". www.census.gov. Retrieved 18 May 2022.
  13. ^ "U.S. Census website". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 10 May 2013.
  1. ^ Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.[11][12]

External links[edit]