Redenhall with Harleston

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Redenhall with Harleston
Harleston Clock Tower - geograph.org.uk - 534211.jpg
Harleston Clock Tower
Redenhall with Harleston is located in Norfolk
Redenhall with Harleston
Redenhall with Harleston
Redenhall with Harleston shown within Norfolk
Area13.73 km2 (5.30 sq mi)
Population4,641 (2011)
• Density338/km2 (880/sq mi)
OS grid referenceTM245829
Civil parish
  • Redenhall with Harleston
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townHARLESTON
Postcode districtIP20
Dialling code01379
PoliceNorfolk
FireNorfolk
AmbulanceEast of England
EU ParliamentEast of England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Norfolk
52°24′N 1°18′E / 52.4°N 1.3°E / 52.4; 1.3Coordinates: 52°24′N 1°18′E / 52.4°N 1.3°E / 52.4; 1.3

Redenhall with Harleston is a civil parish in the South Norfolk district of the English county of Norfolk, comprising the town of Harleston and the neighbouring village of Redenhall. It covers an area of 13.73 km2 (5.30 sq mi), and had a population of 4,058 in 1,841 households at the 2001 census,[1] the population increasing to 4,640 at the 2011 census.[2]

History[edit]

Many Georgian residences and much earlier buildings, with Georgian frontages, line the streets of Harleston. Although there is no record of a royal charter, Harleston has been a market town since at least 1369 and still holds a Wednesday market.[3][4]

The right to hold an eight-day fair during the period of the Beheading of St. John the Baptist was granted to Roger Bigod, 4th Earl of Norfolk by Henry III in 1259.[5]

The village of Redenhall was mentioned in the Domesday Book, as part of the Lands of the King that Godric holds, in the Half Hundred of Earsham. It states that in King Edward the Confessor' time, Rada the Dane held Redenhall, and that his holding was roughly 700 acres, upon which there were forty subordinate tenantries with six plough-teams. The Domesday Book only makes brief reference to Harleston saying that the Abbot of Bury St. Edmunds was lord here then.

One of the plots to assassinate Queen Elizabeth I was to be launched on Midsummer Day 1570 at the Harleston Fair by proclamations and the sound of trumpets and drums.[6] The Elizabethan play Friar Bacon and Friar Bungay features this in one of its scenes.[7]

The parish includes two Church of England churches. In the town centre is the church of St John the Baptist, the present building being completed in 1872. The town's landmark clock tower, was designed and commissioned in 1876 from George Grimwood of Weybread, at a cost of £325 whilst the clock itself was supplied and fitted by Messers Gillet & Bland of Croydon at a cost of £90. The tower is on the edge of the site of the old chapel of ease, demolished in 1873, to the much larger medieval Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary in Redenhall, the mother church of the parish.[citation needed]

Redenhall and Harleston railway stations previously connected these settlements by rail with Tivetshall St Margaret and Beccles on the Waveney Valley Line. Redenhall Station closed in 1866, and Harleston in 1953; the whole railway line has been taken up.

Archbishop Sancroft High School is located in Harleston, and is the main secondary school for the parish and surrounding area.

Governance[edit]

The civil parish has a town council.

Harleston is an electoral ward comprising the civil parish by itself.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Parish Headcounts : South Norfolk Retrieved 26 July 2010
  2. ^ "Ward and Town population 2011". Retrieved 7 September 2015.
  3. ^ "Gazetteer Of Markets And Fairs In England And Wales To 1516". University of London Centre for Metropolitan History. Retrieved 11 November 2013.
  4. ^ "Visit Harleston". Retrieved 11 November 2013.
  5. ^ Blomefield, Francis (1806). An Essay towards a Topographical History of the County of Norfolk: volume 5. p. 356.
  6. ^ Turner, Sharon (1835). The History of the Reigns of Edward the Sixth, Mary, and Elizabeth, Volume 2. p. 243. Retrieved 11 November 2013.
  7. ^ Sarah Knight (2012). "Robert Green's Friar Bacon and Friar Bungay". In Thomas Betteridge, Greg Walker. The Oxford Handbook of Tudor Drama. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0199566471.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]