Henry, Duke of Cornwall

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Henry
Duke of Cornwall
Born1 January 1511
Richmond Palace, Surrey, England
Died22 February 1511 (aged 52 days)
Richmond Palace, Surrey, England
Burial27 February 1511
HouseTudor
FatherHenry VIII of England
MotherCatherine of Aragon

Henry, Duke of Cornwall (1 January – 22 February 1511) was the first living child of King Henry VIII of England and his first wife, Catherine of Aragon, and though his birth was celebrated as that of the heir apparent, he died within weeks. His death and Henry VIII's failure to produce another surviving male heir with Catherine led to succession and marriage crises that affected the relationship between the English church and Roman Catholicism, giving rise to the English Reformation.

Birth and christening[edit]

Henry was born on 1 January 1511 at Richmond Palace, the first live-born child of King Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon, born eighteen months after their wedding and coronation. Catherine had previously given birth to a stillborn daughter, on 31 January 1510.[1][2] He was christened on 5 January in a lavish ceremony where beacons were lit in his honour. The christening gifts included a fine gold salt holder and cup weighing a total 99 ounces, given by Louis XII of France, his godfather.[3] His godmother was Margaret of Austria, Duchess of Savoy.[3]

Celebrations and death[edit]

Henry VIII and his queen planned extravagant celebrations rivalling that of their joint coronation for the birth of his son, who automatically became Duke of Cornwall and heir apparent to the English throne, and was expected to become Prince of Wales, King of England, and third king of the House of Tudor. The tournament at Westminster was the most lavish of Henry's reign, and is recorded via a long illuminated vellum roll,[3] known as The Westminster Tournament Roll to be found in the College of Arms collection.

He died on 22 February 1511 at Richmond Palace, and was buried in Westminster Abbey.[2][3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Loades, David (2009). The Six Wives of Henry VIII. Amberly. p. 25. ISBN 978-1-84868-335-8.
  2. ^ a b Weir, Alison (1999). Britain's Royal Family: A Complete Genealogy. The Bodley Head; London. p. 152.
  3. ^ a b c d Starkey, David (2004). Six wives: The Queens of Henry VIII. Harper Collins Perennial. pp. 121–123. ISBN 0-06-000550-5.
Henry, Duke of Cornwall
Born: 1 January 1511 Died: 23 February 1511
Peerage of England
Vacant
Title last held by
Henry VIII
Duke of Cornwall
1 January – 23 February 1511
Vacant
Title next held by
Edward VI